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Jan Tooropartist • painter • watercolourist • draughtsmanPoerworedjo (Nederlands-Indië) 1858-1928 Den Haag

biography of Johannes Theodorus 'Jan' Toorop

Johannes Theodorus 'Jan' Toorop is one of the most important artists of the period around 1900, together with Vincent van Gogh, Piet Mondriaan, Johannes Carolus Bernardus 'Jan' Sluijters and Leo Gestel. They all closely followed the latest international developments in the visual arts and inspired other artists. Toorop was artistically very gifted and sensitive to new ideas and changes, he quickly picked up on new styles and techniques, whereby his artistic freedom would always remain paramount. His subjects and techniques were very diverse; he painted, watercolored, etched and drew landscapes, figures, nudes and portraits. In the change of times and styles, Toorop proved to be a true modern avant-garde artist. From realist, impressionist and post-impressionist (pointillist) he developed into a symbolist painter. In his symbolist work, the desire for the spiritual and his admiration for the mysterious Indonesian nature where he was born can be found. This inspired him to use the parallel, wavy lines that he used in, for example, the design for the poster for Delft salad oil. This Art Nouveau style by Toorop is known to the general public as 'salad oil style. Toorop was socially motivated, not isolated and had friends at home and abroad. He soon became an internationally respected artist and joined many progressive artists' societies. He was the pivot in the artists' colony that arose in the seaside resort of Domburg, where he tried to catch the 'Zeeland light' with avant-garde artists such as Piet Mondriaan and Jan Sluijters.

When Toorop was thirteen years old, he left for the Netherlands, at the request of his father. Here the possibilities for a good education were much better than in Indonesia. He attended high school in the Netherlands. There Toorop was always working with a pencil and a sketchbook and his talent for drawing was quickly signaled. From 1880-1882 he studied, with the permission of his father, at the Rijksacademie in Amsterdam, where he lived in rooms with Jan Veth. Antoon Derkinderen, with whom Toorop was friends, convinced him to go to Brussels where Toorop took lessons at the Academy of Fine Arts with Jean-François Portaels. The next three years would determine Toorop's artistic education. He immersed himself in the Brussels avant-garde artist environment, which also included James Ensor and Fernand Khnopff. During a trip to London to meet the parents of his future wife Annie Hall, Toorop was impressed by the work of the impressionist James McNeill Whistler. Toorop traveled to Paris with his friend James Ensor, where he was introduced to the pointillism of Georges Seurat and Paul Signac. Toorop immediately adopted this, albeit in his own unique way and would put it into practice in Zeeland, where he spent the summer from 1897 to 1922.

Two daughters were born from the marriage between Toorop and Annie, which took place in 1886, the first of whom died early; the second daughter, Annie Caroline Pontifex, would become known as the Bergen painter Charley Toorop. Jan and Annie's marriage was not a happy one. In 1902 Toorop even insisted on a divorce, but because Annie was a Catholic she refused. A few years later, at the urging of his wife and in his own quest for mysticism and spiritualization, Toorop himself turned to the Catholic faith, a divorce became impossible.

From 1890 to 1892 and from 1899 to 1904, Toorop lived in Katwijk aan Zee, where his daughter Charley was also born. His choice of Katwijk as a residence was the result of the great attraction that the sea exerted on him. The quiet fishing village and the water inspired the painter to make some of his most important works as De Zee (Rijksmuseum Amsterdam). In 1905 the family moved to Amsterdam where Toorop became chairman of the Modern Art Circle. During this time he painted his landscapes and portraits in a more robust style. In Amsterdam Toorop also converted to the Roman Catholic faith. As a result, unlike his symbolist


for salepaintings, watercolours and drawings by Jan Toorop


Jan Toorop | Vagabonds in the dunes, pen and ink on paper, 12.1 x 14.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated l.m. 1890

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Vagabonds in the dunes, 1890


previously for salepaintings, watercolours and drawings by Jan Toorop


Jan Toorop | A Beach, Oost-Voorne, black chalk and watercolour on paper, 10.9 x 14.7 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1916

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A Beach, Oost-Voorne

Jan Toorop | A country road, pencil and pastel on paper, 11.3 x 16.7 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1915

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A country road

Jan Toorop | A country road with strollers, coloured chalk on paper, 15.6 x 11.2 cm, signed l.r.

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A country road with strollers

Jan Toorop | A girl from Zeeland, chalk, watercolour and gouache on paper, 12.0 x 16.3 cm, signed l.r. with monogram and u.r.

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A girl from Zeeland

Jan Toorop | A small lake surrounded by trees, farmhouses in the distance, black and coloured chalk on paper, 16.4 x 11.3 cm

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A small lake surrounded by trees, farmhouses in the distance

Jan Toorop | Along the Seine, Paris, pencil and coloured chalk on paper, 15.2 x 23.4 cm, signed l.l.c. and executed circa 1903

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Along the Seine, Paris

Jan Toorop | An elegant lady reading, oil on canvas, 37.2 x 28.0 cm, dated 1883

Jan Toorop

painting • previously for sale

An elegant lady reading

Jan Toorop | Annie Hall, the artist's wife, reading, watercolour and gouache on paper, 40.0 x 59.0 cm, signed l.r.

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Annie Hall, the artist's wife, reading

Jan Toorop | Bonensnijder, pencil and coloured chalk on paper, 48.0 x 62.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1905

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Bonensnijder

Jan Toorop | Children by a pump, black chalk and watercolour on paper, 11.3 x 15.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1903

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Children by a pump

Jan Toorop | Children playing on the beach, pencil and coloured chalk on paper, 11.5 x 15.6 cm, signed l.r. and painted circa 1907

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Children playing on the beach

Jan Toorop | Cycling in Zeeland, mixed media on paper, 11.5 x 16.0 cm, signed l.l.

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Cycling in Zeeland

Jan Toorop | Elegant company on an path in the dunes, watercolour on paper, 24.4 x 33.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '85

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Elegant company on an path in the dunes

Jan Toorop | Figures on a boulevard in Paris, pencil and coloured chalk on paper, 15.1 x 23.2 cm, signed l.l. and executed circa 1903

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Figures on a boulevard in Paris

Jan Toorop | Fischermen on the beach, chalk and watercolour on paper on board, 25.2 x 28.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1890

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Fischermen on the beach

Jan Toorop | Gathering potatoes, pencil and coloured chalk on paper, 47.9 x 62.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1907

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Gathering potatoes

Jan Toorop | Girls from Zeeland playing a game of draughts, oil on board, 47.9 x 62.7 cm, signed signed double: l.c. and u.l. and painted circa. 1907-1908

Jan Toorop

painting • previously for sale

Girls from Zeeland playing a game of draughts

Jan Toorop | In the dunes near Domburg, black chalk and watercolour on paper, 6.2 x 6.6 cm, signed l.l. (twise) and dated 1912

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

In the dunes near Domburg

Jan Toorop | In the harbour of Antwerpen, watercolour on paper, 29.2 x 46.7 cm, signed l.l. and dated '85

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

In the harbour of Antwerpen

Jan Toorop | Miek Janssen, Domburg, chalk on paper, 11.0 x 13.9 cm, signed l.l. and painted between 1918-1922

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Miek Janssen, Domburg

Jan Toorop | Milkmaid, pencil on paper, 11.0 x 15.2 cm, signed twice

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Milkmaid

Jan Toorop | Playing the violin, chalk on paper, 22.5 x 13.0 cm, signed l.r.

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Playing the violin

Jan Toorop | Prawn fishers, Zeeland, black chalk and watercolour on paper, 11.4 x 15.1 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1916

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Prawn fishers, Zeeland

Jan Toorop | Shepherd and his flock, watercolour on paper, 40.4 x 31.1 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1884

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Shepherd and his flock

Jan Toorop | Study of a country lane, with color indications, pencil and pastel on paper, 11.1 x 14.7 cm, signed l.r.

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Study of a country lane, with color indications

Jan Toorop | The Noordstraat, Domburg, black chalk and watercolour on paper, 15.8 x 11.3 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1916

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

The Noordstraat, Domburg

Jan Toorop | The calling of Isaiah, coloured chalk on paper, 43.5 x 58.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1914

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

The calling of Isaiah

Jan Toorop | The quay of Veere, chalk and watercolour on paper, 10.5 x 14.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated Veere 1903

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

The quay of Veere

Jan Toorop | The singer (Bas) Görz, Domburg, chalk on paper, 9.5 x 10.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '07

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

The singer (Bas) Görz, Domburg

Jan Toorop | View of the Manteling near Domburg, watercolour on paper, 15.5 x 11.5 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1904

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

View of the Manteling near Domburg

Jan Toorop | View of the beach, Vlissingen, oil on panel, 20.7 x 22.7 cm, signed l.r.

Jan Toorop

painting • previously for sale

View of the beach, Vlissingen

Jan Toorop | Walking along the beach, Oostvoorne, watercolour on paper, 11.0 x 15.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1916

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Walking along the beach, Oostvoorne


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