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Johan Dijkstraartist • painter • watercolourist • draughtsman • printmakerGroningen 1896-1978

biography of Johannes 'Johan' Dijkstra

Johan Dijkstra, born in Groningen, follows the Higher Trade School after the three-year HBS and afternoon lessons at the Minerva Academy from 1915. There, like Jan Altink, he was taught by the non-conformist painter F.H. Bach, the teacher who took his students outside to paint the landscape on the spot. A favorite place was the Blauwborgje, a farmyard on the Reitdiep, where Dijkstra would return a lot later. After completing the MO drawing, he goes to Amsterdam for another year in 1919 to further focus on painting at the Rijksacademie. During his studies at Minerva in 1918, Dijkstra is one of the founders of the Groninger Kunstkring De Ploeg and takes part in the first Shift Exhibition in 1919. The press is full of praise. In this time Dijkstra maintains himself with making illustrations and advertising work, just like Altink. In 1922 he married Marie van Veen, a fellow student from Hefswal.

In his early years Dijkstra often goes out with Altink to paint. Both are attracted to the typical Groningen landscape and the hard-working farm workers. In 1921 he starts experimenting with color and technique. Initially he was inspired by the radiant colors and the paint touch with short brushstrokes by Vincent van Gogh. In this style he paints cityscapes and landscapes. With this he stood outside the expressionism of the other team members, who had already become acquainted with the art and views of Ernst Ludwig Kirchner through Jan Wiegers. Often the Ploegmakkers go out together and like to settle down at Blauwborgje. Or they drive to Oostum, to paint the church there. Was this because this church was so much more beautiful than other Groningen churches? The reason is not so prosaic; many Team Members painted places within cycling distance because they did not have a car. Dijkstra said of the churches in Groningen: 'It was as if they called to be painted.' He thought that in the Groningen countryside you could always see a church somewhere in the distance, built in red brick, made of the local Groningen clay and thus inextricably linked to the landscape.

It was not until around 1926, somewhat later than with the other team members, that a strong expressionism entered the work of Dijkstra. In his paintings this is reflected in a completely different use of color and brush: instead of small strips of oil paint he paints landscapes, cityscapes and portraits in large areas of wax paint in bright, almost swearing colors. His graphics show the same dynamics and expressiveness, especially in etchings and woodcuts.

Towards the late 1920s, we see an understated, Impressionist artist, albeit retaining his bold, bright colors. At that time Dijkstra also accepts many assignments for glass art and mosaic. He makes windows for the auditorium of the University of Groningen, designs gobelins for the first room in The Hague and makes murals for the city hall of Groningen. However, he remains free to draw and paint, more true to nature than before.

After the outbreak of the Second World War it becomes impossible to carry out monumental assignments and Dijkstra picks up brush and canvas again. He must register with the Kultuurkamer, but does not participate in official exhibitions. He retreats to the countryside where he mainly captures the Groningen landscape and makes many portraits of his friends. He continues to take an interest in the Groningen landscape with its vast wheat fields, churches and mounds. In a time of upscaling and land consolidation, he chooses to capture the simple farm life and a landscape that will be lost. He no longer cares about modern artistic movements. As a monumental artist, he remains popular even after the war and makes windows for the Geertekerk in Utrecht, among others.

Dijkstra started writing texts for publications by and about De Ploeg as early as the 1920s. From the 1930s he also writes as a critic for various newspapers, including the Provincial Groninger Courant, the Nie


for salepaintings, watercolours, drawings and prints & multiples by Johan Dijkstra


Johan Dijkstra | A view of Garnwerd at the river Reitdiep, oil on canvas, 70.8 x 94.3 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

A view of Garnwerd at the river Reitdiep

Johan Dijkstra | Drinking farm labourers, woodcut on paper, 50.0 x 37.0 cm

Johan Dijkstra

prints & multiples • for sale

Drinking farm labourers

Johan Dijkstra | Farm 'De Groene Wierde' near Eekwerd, oil on canvas, 50.5 x 82.5 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1960

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Farm 'De Groene Wierde' near Eekwerd, ca. 1960

Johan Dijkstra | Farmhouse en church of Leegkerk, oil on canvas, 60.4 x 100.1 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Farmhouse en church of Leegkerk

Johan Dijkstra | Farmhouses in Orvelte, benzinerel and wax paint on canvas, 40.2 x 80.0 cm, signed l.l. and painted 1930-1933

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Farmhouses in Orvelte, 1930-1933

Johan Dijkstra | Figure walking under the trees, oil on canvas, 100.0 x 70.0 cm

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Figure walking under the trees

Johan Dijkstra | Flowers; on the reverse: Still life with pipe and tobacco, wax paint on canvas, 40.5 x 30.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1930

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Flowers; on the reverse: Still life with pipe and tobacco, ca. 1930

Johan Dijkstra | Garnwerd at sunset, oil on canvas, 60.0 x 100.5 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Garnwerd at sunset

Johan Dijkstra | Giethoorn, watercolour on paper, 51.2 x 66.0 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Giethoorn

Johan Dijkstra | Landscape in Groningen on a windy day, wax paint on canvas, 55.0 x 80.1 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1938

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Landscape in Groningen on a windy day, ca. 1938

Johan Dijkstra | Landscape with birches, oil on canvas, 50.3 x 80.4 cm, gesigneerd verso met atelierstempel

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Landscape with birches

Johan Dijkstra | Model in the artist's studio, watercolour on paper, 55.5 x 44.0 cm

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Model in the artist's studio

Johan Dijkstra | Standing nude, black chalk and watercolour on paper, 62.7 x 46.6 cm

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Standing nude

Johan Dijkstra | Swiss landscape, oil on canvas, 70.0 x 100.0 cm, signed l.l.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Swiss landscape

Johan Dijkstra | The harvester, woodcut on paper, 75.5 x 52.0 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil) and printed ca. 1924

Johan Dijkstra

prints & multiples • for sale

The harvester, ca. 1924

Johan Dijkstra | The stern and helm of George's Martens tjalk 'Alida'; verso: Still life with a 'kraantjeskan' and knot of wool, oil on canvas, 36.0 x 40.2 cm, signed on the reverse

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

The stern and helm of George's Martens tjalk 'Alida'; verso: Still life with a 'kraantjeskan' and knot of wool

Johan Dijkstra | View on Eenrum with the Lutje Meulen, watercolour on paper, 40.3 x 67.2 cm, signed l.l.

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • for sale

View on Eenrum with the Lutje Meulen


previously for salepaintings, watercolours, drawings and prints & multiples by Johan Dijkstra


Johan Dijkstra | Kruispunt, wax crayons on paper, 43.5 x 53.5 cm, gesigneerd r.o. atelierstempel and te dateren 1925-1930

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Kruispunt

Johan Dijkstra | Oranjesingel aan het Noorderplantsoen, Groningen, oil on canvas, 50.4 x 65.7 cm, gesigneerd l.o.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Oranjesingel aan het Noorderplantsoen, Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | A 'poffertjes' stall, chalk on paper, 20.0 x 31.0 cm, signed l.r. with studiostamp

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A 'poffertjes' stall

Johan Dijkstra | A country road, chalk and watercolour on paper, 49.0 x 67.5 cm, signed l.r. with studiostamp

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A country road

Johan Dijkstra | A country road, pencil and watercolour on paper, 40.0 x 53.0 cm

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A country road

Johan Dijkstra | A country road by Beijum, oil on canvas, 28.0 x 37.5 cm, signed l.l. and painted between 1929-1931

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A country road by Beijum

Johan Dijkstra | A farm, oil on canvas, 30.5 x 35.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated '17

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A farm

Johan Dijkstra | A farm, watercolour on paper, 38.7 x 49.3 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A farm

Johan Dijkstra | A farm on the waterfront, Giethoorn, oil on canvas, 46.5 x 46.3 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1930

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A farm on the waterfront, Giethoorn

Johan Dijkstra | A landscape, Wierumerschouw, oil on canvas, 65.3 x 94.7 cm, signed l.l.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A landscape, Wierumerschouw

Johan Dijkstra | A red road, wax paint on board, 62.9 x 75.7 cm, painted between 1925-1927

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A red road

Johan Dijkstra | A spring meadow, pastel and watercolour on paper, 25.5 x 37.0 cm, signed l.r. (double)

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A spring meadow

Johan Dijkstra | A summer landscape, oil and with petrol diluted oilpaint on canvas, 40.2 x 69.8 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1930

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A summer landscape

Johan Dijkstra | A sunlit orchard; on the reverse: Trees along a meadow, wax paint on canvas, 68.5 x 100.5 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1925

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A sunlit orchard; on the reverse: Trees along a meadow

Johan Dijkstra | A sunlit street, oil on canvas, 60.6 x 80.5 cm, signed l.l.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A sunlit street

Johan Dijkstra | A view of Ezinge, watercolour on paper, 38.5 x 64.5 cm, signed l.r. with studiostamp

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A view of Ezinge

Johan Dijkstra | A view of Garnwerd, oil on canvas, 60.0 x 80.0 cm

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A view of Garnwerd

Johan Dijkstra | A view of Garnwerd from snowy Reitdiep, chalk and watercolour on paper, 27.3 x 40.7 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A view of Garnwerd from snowy Reitdiep

Johan Dijkstra | A view of Huize Esserberg (now Sint Maartenscollege) in Haren (near Groningen), oil on canvas, 50.5 x 63.2 cm, signed l.l. and late twenties

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A view of Huize Esserberg (now Sint Maartenscollege) in Haren (near Groningen)

Johan Dijkstra | A view of Niehove, oil on canvas, 50.2 x 70.5 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A view of Niehove

Johan Dijkstra | A view of Niehove, oil on canvas, 50.2 x 70.5 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A view of Niehove

Johan Dijkstra | A view of Oostum, oil on canvas, 60.5 x 80.0 cm, signed on the reserve and dated 1960

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A view of Oostum

Johan Dijkstra | A view of Oterdum, oil on canvas, 47.7 x 68.3 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A view of Oterdum

Johan Dijkstra | A view of Woudrichem, watercolour and gouache on paper, 38.6 x 60.7 cm, signed l.l. with studio stamp

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A view of Woudrichem

Johan Dijkstra | A view of the 'Dellewal', Terschelling, wax paint on canvas, 81.0 x 101.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted circa 1933

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A view of the 'Dellewal', Terschelling

Johan Dijkstra | A view of the 'Zwaaikom', Groningen, oil on canvas, 102.0 x 80.0 cm, signed on the reverse with studiostamp

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

A view of the 'Zwaaikom', Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | A village, Groningen, chalk on paper, 29.0 x 48.2 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A village, Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | At the Paterswolde lake, oil on canvas, 82.4 x 100.4 cm, signed with studio stamp 'Atelier Johan Dijkstra' rev.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

At the Paterswolde lake

Johan Dijkstra | Back gardens 'Burg. Seinenstraat', Aduard, oil on canvas, 56.1 x 68.3 cm, signed l.r. and painted between 1928-1929

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Back gardens 'Burg. Seinenstraat', Aduard

Johan Dijkstra | Cattle in an extensive landscape, pastel and watercolour on paper, 24.7 x 32.5 cm, signed l.l. with studiostamp

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Cattle in an extensive landscape

Johan Dijkstra | Corn sheaves at the edge of the wood, oil on canvas, 50.3 x 70.0 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1950

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Corn sheaves at the edge of the wood

Johan Dijkstra | Cornfield, Reitdiep, oil on canvas, 60.3 x 100.0 cm, signed c.l. and painted in 1946

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Cornfield, Reitdiep

Johan Dijkstra | Country road with trees, watercolour on paper, 30.7 x 22.3 cm, signed l.l. and 1930

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Country road with trees

Johan Dijkstra | Crossing, wax crayons on paper, 43.5 x 53.5 cm, signed l.r. with studiostamp and painted between 1925-1930

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Crossing

Johan Dijkstra | Field of seed, Hefswal, oil on canvas, 61.0 x 100.3 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Field of seed, Hefswal

Johan Dijkstra | Figures in a cornfield, coloured chalk on paper, 25.5 x 39.5 cm, signed originally with signature stamp l.r. (faded)

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Figures in a cornfield

Johan Dijkstra | Flowering trees 'Gardens in Helpman', oil on canvas, 50.1 x 70.3 cm, signed l.l. and painted circa 1938

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Flowering trees 'Gardens in Helpman'

Johan Dijkstra | Hay-cocks, oil on canvas, 60.1 x 80.2 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Hay-cocks

Johan Dijkstra | Landscape, oil on canvas, 68.8 x 72.3 cm

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Landscape

Johan Dijkstra | Landscape near Groningen, watercolour on paper, 55.5 x 76.0 cm

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Landscape near Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | Landscape near Ten Post, Groningen, watercolour on paper, 48.5 x 62.0 cm, signed l.l.

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Landscape near Ten Post, Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | Landscape of Groningen, oil on canvas, 50.7 x 70.6 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Landscape of Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | Limekilns, Ten Boer, oil and with petrol diluted oilpaint on canvas, 52.2 x 65.4 cm, signed l.r. and painted in 1926

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Limekilns, Ten Boer

Johan Dijkstra | Moored rowing boat, oil on canvas, 65.3 x 50.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted '24

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Moored rowing boat

Johan Dijkstra | Orange Singel at the Noorderplantsoen, Groningen, oil on canvas, 50.4 x 65.7 cm, signed l.l.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Orange Singel at the Noorderplantsoen, Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | Orchard in bloom, oil on canvas, 62.2 x 80.5 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1930-1940

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Orchard in bloom

Johan Dijkstra | Orvelte in winter, watercolour on paper, 31.5 x 49.5 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Orvelte in winter

Johan Dijkstra | Pasture, pastel and watercolour on paper, 25.5 x 37.0 cm, signed l.r. (twice)

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Pasture

Johan Dijkstra | Purple willows, gouache and oil on paper, 48.8 x 58.1 cm

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Purple willows

Johan Dijkstra | Sailing boats on a lake, oil on canvas, 50.2 x 60.2 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Sailing boats on a lake

Johan Dijkstra | Sailing vessel moored to a quay, watercolour on paper, 57.7 x 48.5 cm, signed l.r. with studio stamp

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Sailing vessel moored to a quay

Johan Dijkstra | Sailing vessels moored to the quay of Schiermonnikoog, watercolour on paper, 24.5 x 35.8 cm, signed l.r. with studiostamp; signed on the reverse and painted ca. 1932

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Sailing vessels moored to the quay of Schiermonnikoog

Johan Dijkstra | The 'Grote Markt', Groningen, pen and ink on paper, 20.0 x 29.7 cm, signed l.r. with studiostamo

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

The 'Grote Markt', Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | The Blauwborgje on the Reitdiep, Groningen, oil on canvas, 60.2 x 80.0 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

The Blauwborgje on the Reitdiep, Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | The Paddepoel farm, oil on canvas, 50.4 x 64.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated '29

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

The Paddepoel farm

Johan Dijkstra | The church of Hornhuizen, oil on canvas, 70.4 x 50.3 cm

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

The church of Hornhuizen

Johan Dijkstra | The church of Oostum, oil on canvas, 60.2 x 80.8 cm, signed l.l.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

The church of Oostum

Johan Dijkstra | The church of Oostum, wax paint on canvas, 70.5 x 90.4 cm, painted circa 1938

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

The church of Oostum

Johan Dijkstra | The main street in Thesinge, oil on canvas, 49.9 x 69.8 cm, signed l.l. and painted in 1954-1955

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

The main street in Thesinge

Johan Dijkstra | The moored 'Fenris', Reitdiep, oil on canvas, 50.0 x 75.9 cm, signed on the reverse

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

The moored 'Fenris', Reitdiep

Johan Dijkstra | Tree, oil on canvas, 64.4 x 49.9 cm

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Tree

Johan Dijkstra | Two children by a haystack, oil on canvas, 50.5 x 65.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '25

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Two children by a haystack

Johan Dijkstra | Wierumerschouw, oil on canvas, 66.3 x 95.2 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1940

Johan Dijkstra

painting • previously for sale

Wierumerschouw


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