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Jacob Marisartist • painter • watercolourist • draughtsmanDen Haag 1837-1899 Karlsbad (v/h Oostenrijk-Hongarije, nu Tsjechië)

biography of Jacobus Hendricus 'Jacob' Maris

Portrait of artist, painter, watercolourist and draughtsman Jacobus Hendricus 'Jacob' Maris

Portrait of Jacobus Hendricus 'Jacob' Maris

Jacob Maris was born in 1837 as the oldest of the three Maris brothers. He must have been a calm and jovial person, a true connector, it is said. Only after twenty years of learning and experimenting did Jacob find the theme that would occupy him for the rest of his life and in which he would give the most spontaneous and daring interpretation of reality: the landscape.

Initially it seemed that he would become a figure painter. At the age of twelve he was apprenticed to the Hague genre painter J.A.B. Stroebel and soon took classes at the Hague academy. Huib van Hove then became his teacher. After lessons at the academy of Antwerp in 1859 and 1860 he was with his brother Matthijs in Oosterbeek, where they made nature studies. They also visited Barbizon. That the new approach to landscape painting attracted him is evident from the fact that he stayed in Oosterbeek again in 1864 and also visited Fontainebleau during a trip. In the spring of 1865, Jacob left for Paris, where he must have focused primarily on painting Italian folk types or 'Italiennes', which were loved and sold to England and the United States by the Paris art dealership Goupil. Connoisseurs then praised all his landscapes and village views on the water, and it is in Paris that he definitely opts for a career as a landscape painter.

In 1871 Jacob, forced by the Franco-German war, returned to The Hague with his wife and daughter and settled on Noord-West-Binnensingel. He again became a member of Pulchri Studio - where he was, among other things, a commissioner for the 'Cozy Meetings' - and co-founded the Hollandsche Teekenmaatschappij to promote the watercolor. From now on he developed into a powerful landscape painter. He painted rivers and canals, cityscapes on the water, windmills, beach scenes with bomb barges in a broad, self-assured touch that was admired by contemporaries. His brush stroke became more daring, his paint application more pasty and his palette consisted of subtly coordinated tones.

Maris developed a wonderful way of painting. It was written about his method that he applied the paint thickly and then masoned, rumbled and changed in the not yet dry layers of paint until a harmony of colors emerged. Then he finished the show with a thin brush stroke. It results in landscapes and cityscapes that are heavy in mood and atmosphere and the cityscapes are therefore rarely exact portraits but rather a combination of elements from different cities. There is plenty of room for high skies; Jacob was a master in painting impressive cloud scenes.

From the 1980s he made his breakthrough in the Netherlands and was now one of the most important and earning contemporary artists in the Netherlands. In 1899, at the height of his fame, he died. Through the Haagse Kunsthandel Goupil, much of his work was then sold abroad, where it is still part of museum collections in England, France, Canada and the United States.

for salepaintings, watercolours and drawings by Jacob Maris


Maris J.H.  | A Dutch harbour town (Dordrecht), oil on canvas, 41.5 x 49.0 cm, signed l.r. and to be dated ca. 1890Maris J.H.

A Dutch harbour town (Dordrecht), oil on canvas, 41.5 x 49.0 cm, signed l.r. and to be dated ca. 1890

Maris J.H.  | A capriccio view of Amsterdam, watercolour on paper, 64.0 x 91.0 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1885Maris J.H.

A capriccio view of Amsterdam, watercolour on paper, 64.0 x 91.0 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1885

Maris J.H.  | A portrait of the painter's mother, oil on panel, 21.4 x 17.1 cmMaris J.H.

A portrait of the painter's mother, oil on panel, 21.4 x 17.1 cm

Maris J.H.  | A view of the inner harbour of  Utrecht and the Dom tower, watercolour on paper, 42.0 x 57.4 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

A view of the inner harbour of Utrecht and the Dom tower, watercolour on paper, 42.0 x 57.4 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | Romance, oil on paper laid down on panel, 30.3 x 23.1 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1854-1855Maris J.H.

Romance, oil on paper laid down on panel, 30.3 x 23.1 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1854-1855

Maris J.H.  | Shell fishermen in the breakers, oil on panel, 26.3 x 37.5 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

Shell fishermen in the breakers, oil on panel, 26.3 x 37.5 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | The four windmills, Schiedam, oil on canvas, 45.0 x 112.6 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

The four windmills, Schiedam, oil on canvas, 45.0 x 112.6 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | Wheeling sand, oil on canvas, 40.0 x 59.8 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1889Maris J.H.

Wheeling sand, oil on canvas, 40.0 x 59.8 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1889

Maris J.H.  | Windmills along a canal, oil on canvas, 38.3 x 64.9 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

Windmills along a canal, oil on canvas, 38.3 x 64.9 cm, signed l.l.


previously for salepaintings, watercolours and drawings by Jacob Maris


Maris J.H.  | Gezicht op Renkumse beek !!! i.o., oil on canvas laid down on panel, 29.0 x 23.2 cm, gesigneerd r.o. and te dateren 1859-60Maris J.H.

Gezicht op Renkumse beek !!! i.o., oil on canvas laid down on panel, 29.0 x 23.2 cm, gesigneerd r.o. and te dateren 1859-60

Maris J.H.  | Landschap in de omgeving van Den Haag, oil on canvas, 99.2 x 80.2 cm, gesigneerd l.o. and te dateren ca. 1891Maris J.H.

Landschap in de omgeving van Den Haag, oil on canvas, 99.2 x 80.2 cm, gesigneerd l.o. and te dateren ca. 1891

Maris J.H.  | 'Annie', oil on canvas laid down on panel, 14.1 x 11.7 cmMaris J.H.

'Annie', oil on canvas laid down on panel, 14.1 x 11.7 cm

Maris J.H.  | 'Bomschuit' in the surf, oil on canvas, 23.8 x 31.4 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

'Bomschuit' in the surf, oil on canvas, 23.8 x 31.4 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | 'Bomschuit' on the beach, oil on canvas, 44.0 x 29.8 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

'Bomschuit' on the beach, oil on canvas, 44.0 x 29.8 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | 'Bomschuit' on the beach, oil on canvas, 44.0 x 29.8 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

'Bomschuit' on the beach, oil on canvas, 44.0 x 29.8 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | 'Bomschuit' on the beach of Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 50.0 x 79.2 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

'Bomschuit' on the beach of Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 50.0 x 79.2 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | 'Bomschuit' on the beach, Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 104.2 x 77.5 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

'Bomschuit' on the beach, Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 104.2 x 77.5 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | 'Bomschuiten' on the beach, watercolour on paper, 39.0 x 22.0 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

'Bomschuiten' on the beach, watercolour on paper, 39.0 x 22.0 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | 'Bomschuiten' on the beach, oil on panel, 23.0 x 31.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated '72Maris J.H.

'Bomschuiten' on the beach, oil on panel, 23.0 x 31.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated '72

Maris J.H.  | A Dutch harbour town (Dordrecht), oil on canvas, 41.5 x 49.0 cm, signed l.r. and to be dated ca. 1890Maris J.H.

A Dutch harbour town (Dordrecht), oil on canvas, 41.5 x 49.0 cm, signed l.r. and to be dated ca. 1890

Maris J.H.  | A baby, oil on panel, 25.0 x 17.7 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

A baby, oil on panel, 25.0 x 17.7 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | A child's portrait, oil on canvas, 35.2 x 28.4 cm, signed l.r. with initialsMaris J.H.

A child's portrait, oil on canvas, 35.2 x 28.4 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Maris J.H.  | A fishing harbour, oil on canvas, 44.9 x 30.6 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

A fishing harbour, oil on canvas, 44.9 x 30.6 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | A girl playing the piano, oil on panel, 20.0 x 15.2 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

A girl playing the piano, oil on panel, 20.0 x 15.2 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | A harbour scene with moored boats, oil on canvas, 52.4 x 67.0 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

A harbour scene with moored boats, oil on canvas, 52.4 x 67.0 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | A menu with a watercolour of a barge on the beach, watercolour on paper, 11.5 x 8.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 4 mei 1895 reverseMaris J.H.

A menu with a watercolour of a barge on the beach, watercolour on paper, 11.5 x 8.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 4 mei 1895 reverse

Maris J.H.  | A polder landscape with a rider on a path, oil on panel, 26.7 x 22.5 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

A polder landscape with a rider on a path, oil on panel, 26.7 x 22.5 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | A still life with pottery, oil on panel, 13.0 x 20.6 cm, signed c.r.Maris J.H.

A still life with pottery, oil on panel, 13.0 x 20.6 cm, signed c.r.

Maris J.H.  | A summer's day at the beach of Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 82.5 x 125.0 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1890-1895Maris J.H.

A summer's day at the beach of Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 82.5 x 125.0 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1890-1895

Maris J.H.  | A view of Amsterdam, with the Koepelkerk, oil on canvas, 22.3 x 37.8 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

A view of Amsterdam, with the Koepelkerk, oil on canvas, 22.3 x 37.8 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | A view of Schiedam, oil on panel, 24.3 x 28.1 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

A view of Schiedam, oil on panel, 24.3 x 28.1 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | A view of a beach with a shrimper, oil on canvas, 49.4 x 78.1 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

A view of a beach with a shrimper, oil on canvas, 49.4 x 78.1 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | A view of a canal, watercolour on paper, 29.8 x 38.6 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

A view of a canal, watercolour on paper, 29.8 x 38.6 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | A view of a town with a domed church, watercolour on paper, 34.5 x 53.5 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

A view of a town with a domed church, watercolour on paper, 34.5 x 53.5 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | A windmill in a winter landscape, oil on canvas, 111.0 x 93.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted 1890Maris J.H.

A windmill in a winter landscape, oil on canvas, 111.0 x 93.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted 1890

Maris J.H.  | A windmill in the snow, oil on canvas, 47.4 x 35.2 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

A windmill in the snow, oil on canvas, 47.4 x 35.2 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | A winter evening in Schiedam, oil on panel, 35.9 x 23.6 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

A winter evening in Schiedam, oil on panel, 35.9 x 23.6 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | A winter landscape, oil on canvas, 29.9 x 22.5 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

A winter landscape, oil on canvas, 29.9 x 22.5 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | Along the canal, oil on canvas, 45.4 x 63.2 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

Along the canal, oil on canvas, 45.4 x 63.2 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | Barges on the beach, watercolour on paper, 36.0 x 25.0 cm, signed l.l. and on the reverseMaris J.H.

Barges on the beach, watercolour on paper, 36.0 x 25.0 cm, signed l.l. and on the reverse

Maris J.H.  | Children playing on the beach of Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 22.0 x 35.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1871Maris J.H.

Children playing on the beach of Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 22.0 x 35.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1871

Maris J.H.  | Children playing on the beach, Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 22.0 x 35.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1871Maris J.H.

Children playing on the beach, Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 22.0 x 35.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1871

Maris J.H.  | Evening twilight, 20.7 x 24.9 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

Evening twilight, 20.7 x 24.9 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | Farmer in a summer landscape, a steam-train in the distance, oil sketch on canvas laid down on panel, 22.7 x 25.7 cmMaris J.H.

Farmer in a summer landscape, a steam-train in the distance, oil sketch on canvas laid down on panel, 22.7 x 25.7 cm

Maris J.H.  | Farmstead in a landscape, oil on canvas, 68.8 x 85.0 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

Farmstead in a landscape, oil on canvas, 68.8 x 85.0 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | Fishing boats on the beach, oil on canvas, 32.9 x 46.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1874Maris J.H.

Fishing boats on the beach, oil on canvas, 32.9 x 46.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1874

Maris J.H.  | Have a nibble, watercolour on paper, 28.0 x 14.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated '68Maris J.H.

Have a nibble, watercolour on paper, 28.0 x 14.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated '68

Maris J.H.  | Italienne, oil on panel, 14.4 x 12.2 cmMaris J.H.

Italienne, oil on panel, 14.4 x 12.2 cm

Maris J.H.  | Italienne, oil on panel, 23.4 x 15.7 cm, painted in 1867-1868Maris J.H.

Italienne, oil on panel, 23.4 x 15.7 cm, painted in 1867-1868

Maris J.H.  | Italienne with flowers and butterflies, oil on panel, 33.0 x 20.9 cm, signed l.l. and painted circa 1866-1868Maris J.H.

Italienne with flowers and butterflies, oil on panel, 33.0 x 20.9 cm, signed l.l. and painted circa 1866-1868

Maris J.H.  | Landscape near The Hague, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 21.1 x 23.8 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1878Maris J.H.

Landscape near The Hague, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 21.1 x 23.8 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1878

Maris J.H.  | Riding horseback, oil on panel, 28.0 x 35.1 cm, signed l.r. and painted in 1894Maris J.H.

Riding horseback, oil on panel, 28.0 x 35.1 cm, signed l.r. and painted in 1894

Maris J.H.  | Shell fishermen in the breakers, oil on panel, 26.3 x 37.5 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

Shell fishermen in the breakers, oil on panel, 26.3 x 37.5 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | Shepherdess with her flock, oil on canvas, 23.8 x 37.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated '72Maris J.H.

Shepherdess with her flock, oil on canvas, 23.8 x 37.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated '72

Maris J.H.  | Shipping in the harbour of Amsterdam, oil on canvas, 31.2 x 44.6 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

Shipping in the harbour of Amsterdam, oil on canvas, 31.2 x 44.6 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | Shipping on the river Merwede, Dordrecht, oil on canvas, 58.7 x 89.0 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

Shipping on the river Merwede, Dordrecht, oil on canvas, 58.7 x 89.0 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | The daughter of the painter, watercolour on paper, 43.0 x 30.0 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

The daughter of the painter, watercolour on paper, 43.0 x 30.0 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | The four windmills, oil on canvas, 45.0 x 112.6 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

The four windmills, oil on canvas, 45.0 x 112.6 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | Town view, oil on canvas, 41.0 x 48.8 cmMaris J.H.

Town view, oil on canvas, 41.0 x 48.8 cm

Maris J.H.  | Two figures in a grey landscape, chalk and watercolour on paper, 39.3 x 57.2 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

Two figures in a grey landscape, chalk and watercolour on paper, 39.3 x 57.2 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | View of a Dutch harbour, watercolour on paper, 28.5 x 38.6 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

View of a Dutch harbour, watercolour on paper, 28.5 x 38.6 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | Walking along the beach, oil on canvas, 21.2 x 33.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1871Maris J.H.

Walking along the beach, oil on canvas, 21.2 x 33.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1871

Maris J.H.  | Washerwomen at work, oil on canvas, 99.2 x 80.4 cm, signed l.l.Maris J.H.

Washerwomen at work, oil on canvas, 99.2 x 80.4 cm, signed l.l.

Maris J.H.  | Windmills along a canal near Leiden, oil on canvas, 32.3 x 49.5 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

Windmills along a canal near Leiden, oil on canvas, 32.3 x 49.5 cm, signed l.r.

Maris J.H.  | Wolk effekt, oil on canvas, 38.2 x 60.1 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1877Maris J.H.

Wolk effekt, oil on canvas, 38.2 x 60.1 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1877

Maris J.H.  | in the garden, oil on panel, 32.5 x 23.7 cm, signed l.r.Maris J.H.

in the garden, oil on panel, 32.5 x 23.7 cm, signed l.r.


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