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Paul Joseph Constantin Gabrielartist • painter • watercolourist • draughtsmanAmsterdam 1828-1903 Scheveningen

biography of Paul Joseph Constantin 'Constan(t)' Gabriel

Portrait of artist, painter, watercolourist and draughtsman Paul Joseph Constantin 'Constan(t)' Gabriel

Portrait of Paul Joseph Constantin 'Constan(t)' Gabriel

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel was the son of the then celebrated Amsterdam sculptor Paul Joseph Gabriel. It was therefore more or less self-evident that he would become an artist and at the age of 12 he attended the evening class at the Rijksacademie. After a failed apprenticeship with B. C. Koekkoek in Kleve - Gabriel would not have enough talent - and lessons from Cornelis Lieste in Haarlem, he went to Oosterbeek in 1853 to become a good landscape painter. Just like the other painters and his friend Anton Mauve, he practiced studying nature there. The story goes that in bad weather he worked for so long that he got ear infections and became deaf. In 1860 he moved to Brussels to try his luck there. He met Willem Roelofs, who had lived and worked in Brussels for some time and became a kind of teacher for him. In the following years Gabriel underwent enormous influence from the six-year-older Roelofs, as well as from the painters of the Barbizon School, whose work was regularly exhibited in Brussels.

it was Roelofs who took Gabriel on a painting tour in the Netherlands and opened his eyes to the beauty of the water-rich Dutch landscape. They may have visited Kortenhoef together for the first time. Lake and peat areas and polder landscape became Gabriel's specialty. He found a wealth of colors in this Dutch landscape, even when the weather was gray and gray. It is reflected in the intense blue that he often used for the sky, the many color nuances of the water, the colors of green in the meadow. In addition to working with color, simplicity and a balanced composition with strong forms are typical of Gabriel's landscapes. A mill, a barge, an eel trap, a fisherman, they were often the ingredients that he had enough.

From 1862, Gabriel returned to the Netherlands for at least three months each year to paint the polder landscape 'truthfully'. Just like the other painters of the Haagse School, he searched for the unadorned landscape, not yet affected by industrialization. First he found that around Veenendaal and in the Gein area, from the 70s in the ponds and peat areas around Abcoude and nearby Kortenhoef and from 1875 around the Nieuwkoopse Plassen. He must have had a good visual memory and, in his own words, he usually needed just one glance to work out his sketch in his studio, with the memory still fresh in his mind. His oil sketches were, just like those of Roelofs, of such high quality that they were often stuck on a panel later on and sold as a painting.
One of Gabriel's most important students was Willem Tholen, who came to Brussels for three months in 1879 to get lessons. After that the master and pupil kept in touch. Gabriel went to Kampen for a few summers to stay with Tholen. Then they went into the peat bogs or worked around Giethoorn.

In 1884 Gabriel moved back to the Netherlands and settled near The Hague. The art climate there had become more favorable for 'modern' landscape painters and, moreover, his childhood friend Mauve lived in The Hague. Gabriel settled with his wife on the Kanaalweg in Scheveningen. He became an active member of Pulchri Studio and visited new areas, such as the Kinderdijk area. Also in Kortenhoef, a guest at Klaas Boom in the toll booth at the Zuwe, he continued to find the untouchedness he had been looking for throughout his painting life.

for salepaintings, watercolours and drawings by Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel


Gabriel P.J.C.  | A canal near Kortenhoef, oil on canvas, 38.8 x 54.8 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A canal near Kortenhoef, oil on canvas, 38.8 x 54.8 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A peat cutter with his barge in a polder landschape, oil on canvas, 28.6 x 46.5 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

A peat cutter with his barge in a polder landschape, oil on canvas, 28.6 x 46.5 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A sunny day, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 47.0 x 32.0 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

A sunny day, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 47.0 x 32.0 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Dutch polder landscape, oil on canvas, 63.6 x 97.7 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

Dutch polder landscape, oil on canvas, 63.6 x 97.7 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Early morning near Veenendaal, oil on canvas, 66.0 x 101.5 cm, signed l.r. and painted late 60Gabriel P.J.C.

Early morning near Veenendaal, oil on canvas, 66.0 x 101.5 cm, signed l.r. and painted late 60

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Farmyard with well, oil on canvas, 29.2 x 41.8 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

Farmyard with well, oil on canvas, 29.2 x 41.8 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Fisherman in a Dutch landscape, oil on canvas, 29.0 x 46.4 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1875Gabriel P.J.C.

Fisherman in a Dutch landscape, oil on canvas, 29.0 x 46.4 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1875

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Morning twilight, oil on canvas, 60.5 x 35.9 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

Morning twilight, oil on canvas, 60.5 x 35.9 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Polderlandscape with a bridge, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.8 x 29.4 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

Polderlandscape with a bridge, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.8 x 29.4 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Summer (polder near Giethoorn), oil on canvas, 90.8 x 151.0 cm, signed l.r. and ca 75Gabriel P.J.C.

Summer (polder near Giethoorn), oil on canvas, 90.8 x 151.0 cm, signed l.r. and ca 75

Gabriel P.J.C.  | The first sea bass (early morning), oil on canvas, 54.3 x 83.4 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

The first sea bass (early morning), oil on canvas, 54.3 x 83.4 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | View on the Proosdijer windmill on the river Winkel, watercolour on paper, 36.1 x 53.3 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

View on the Proosdijer windmill on the river Winkel, watercolour on paper, 36.1 x 53.3 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Windmill near Leidschendam, oil on panel, 39.4 x 60.0 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

Windmill near Leidschendam, oil on panel, 39.4 x 60.0 cm, signed l.l.


previously for salepaintings, watercolours and drawings by Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel


Gabriel P.J.C.  | 'Veluws' landscape, oil on panel, 28.4 x 39.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted circa 1850Gabriel P.J.C.

'Veluws' landscape, oil on panel, 28.4 x 39.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted circa 1850

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A country road, oil on panel, 24.3 x 31.5 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A country road, oil on panel, 24.3 x 31.5 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A farm along a stream, Giethoorn, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 43.3 x 53.5 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

A farm along a stream, Giethoorn, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 43.3 x 53.5 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A fisherman in a polder landscape, oil on canvas, 55.0 x 39.0 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A fisherman in a polder landscape, oil on canvas, 55.0 x 39.0 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A flatboat in a polder landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.5 x 32.0 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

A flatboat in a polder landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.5 x 32.0 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A man in a rowing boat, watercolour on paper, 35.0 x 53.0 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A man in a rowing boat, watercolour on paper, 35.0 x 53.0 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A ploughing farmer, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 22.3 x 33.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated '92Gabriel P.J.C.

A ploughing farmer, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 22.3 x 33.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated '92

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A polder landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 25.5 x 37.8 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A polder landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 25.5 x 37.8 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A polder landscape, watercolour on paper, 35.7 x 62.0 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A polder landscape, watercolour on paper, 35.7 x 62.0 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A polder landscape, watercolour on paper, 30.5 x 45.5 cm, signed l.l. twiceGabriel P.J.C.

A polder landscape, watercolour on paper, 30.5 x 45.5 cm, signed l.l. twice

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A polder landscape with a windmill, oil on panel, 25.0 x 44.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated '74Gabriel P.J.C.

A polder landscape with a windmill, oil on panel, 25.0 x 44.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated '74

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A polder landscape with moored barges, watercolour on paper, 51.0 x 35.8 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A polder landscape with moored barges, watercolour on paper, 51.0 x 35.8 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A polder landscape with rainbow, watercolour on paper, 45.0 x 69.0 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A polder landscape with rainbow, watercolour on paper, 45.0 x 69.0 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A polder landscape with windmill, watercolour on paper, 7.5 x 16.5 cm, signed l.l. and painted circa 1899Gabriel P.J.C.

A polder landscape with windmill, watercolour on paper, 7.5 x 16.5 cm, signed l.l. and painted circa 1899

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A polder landscape with windmill, watercolour on paper, 7.5 x 16.5 cm, signed l.l. and painted circa 1899Gabriel P.J.C.

A polder landscape with windmill, watercolour on paper, 7.5 x 16.5 cm, signed l.l. and painted circa 1899

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A polder landscape with windmills, oil on panel, 18.6 x 23.9 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

A polder landscape with windmills, oil on panel, 18.6 x 23.9 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A polder landscape with windmills in the distance, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 16.0 x 38.0 cmGabriel P.J.C.

A polder landscape with windmills in the distance, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 16.0 x 38.0 cm

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A traveller in a winter landscape, oil on panel, 34.2 x 56.4 cm, signed l.r. and painted circa 1886Gabriel P.J.C.

A traveller in a winter landscape, oil on panel, 34.2 x 56.4 cm, signed l.r. and painted circa 1886

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A view of the 'Oostzijdse Molen aan het Gein' Abcoude, oil on canvas, 28.8 x 46.1 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A view of the 'Oostzijdse Molen aan het Gein' Abcoude, oil on canvas, 28.8 x 46.1 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A view of the 'Proosdijermolen aan de Winkel', Abcoude, chalk and watercolour on paper, 36.5 x 63.5 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A view of the 'Proosdijermolen aan de Winkel', Abcoude, chalk and watercolour on paper, 36.5 x 63.5 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A view of the 'Winkel', Abcoude, oil on canvas, 66.0 x 101.8 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A view of the 'Winkel', Abcoude, oil on canvas, 66.0 x 101.8 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A view of the church of Elspeet, oil on canvas, 49.2 x 38.4 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A view of the church of Elspeet, oil on canvas, 49.2 x 38.4 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A view on Epe, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 16.3 x 27.5 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A view on Epe, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 16.3 x 27.5 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A windmill, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.2 x 36.0 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A windmill, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.2 x 36.0 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A windmill along a waterway, Abcoude, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 21.8 x 34.7 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

A windmill along a waterway, Abcoude, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 21.8 x 34.7 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A windmill by sunset, oil on canvas, 48.0 x 35.5 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

A windmill by sunset, oil on canvas, 48.0 x 35.5 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | A windmill in a landscape, watercolour on paper, 23.3 x 35.0 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

A windmill in a landscape, watercolour on paper, 23.3 x 35.0 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | An extensive polder landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.7 x 32.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '74Gabriel P.J.C.

An extensive polder landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.7 x 32.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '74

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Angler in a polder landscape, oil on panel, 18.9 x 32.7 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

Angler in a polder landscape, oil on panel, 18.9 x 32.7 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Angler in a rowing boat at sunset, oil on canvas, 29.4 x 45.9 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

Angler in a rowing boat at sunset, oil on canvas, 29.4 x 45.9 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Anglers in a polder landscape, oil on panel, 21.5 x 31.3 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

Anglers in a polder landscape, oil on panel, 21.5 x 31.3 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Canal in a polder landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 22.7 x 43.6 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

Canal in a polder landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 22.7 x 43.6 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Corn sheafs, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.9 x 33.4 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

Corn sheafs, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.9 x 33.4 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Country estate 'Leeuw en Hoofd', Heemstede, oil on panel, 32.8 x 43.7 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1851Gabriel P.J.C.

Country estate 'Leeuw en Hoofd', Heemstede, oil on panel, 32.8 x 43.7 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1851

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Evening twilight, oil on panel, 18.8 x 27.1 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1855Gabriel P.J.C.

Evening twilight, oil on panel, 18.8 x 27.1 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1855

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Farmer's wife, oil on canvas, 45.6 x 31.7 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

Farmer's wife, oil on canvas, 45.6 x 31.7 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Feeding the chickens, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 23.5 x 31.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated '93Gabriel P.J.C.

Feeding the chickens, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 23.5 x 31.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated '93

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Fisherman in the early morning, oil on canvas, 30.2 x 47.0 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

Fisherman in the early morning, oil on canvas, 30.2 x 47.0 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Fishermen at a duck pond, oil on canvas, 28.9 x 46.4 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

Fishermen at a duck pond, oil on canvas, 28.9 x 46.4 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Fishermen in a polder landscape, oil on panel, 21.5 x 31.3 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

Fishermen in a polder landscape, oil on panel, 21.5 x 31.3 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Haystack, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 15.4 x 24.6 cm, signed l.l. and dated '92Gabriel P.J.C.

Haystack, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 15.4 x 24.6 cm, signed l.l. and dated '92

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Landscape near Oosterbeek, oil on panel, 9.8 x 14.1 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1855Gabriel P.J.C.

Landscape near Oosterbeek, oil on panel, 9.8 x 14.1 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1855

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Landscape under a cloudy sky, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 24.1 x 38.0 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

Landscape under a cloudy sky, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 24.1 x 38.0 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Landscape with drawbridge on a rainy day, oil on panel, 21.1 x 31.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated '69Gabriel P.J.C.

Landscape with drawbridge on a rainy day, oil on panel, 21.1 x 31.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated '69

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Landscape with pond (sketch), oil on panel, 28.4 x 31.7 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

Landscape with pond (sketch), oil on panel, 28.4 x 31.7 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Le Point du jour, oil on canvas, 65.0 x 101.0 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

Le Point du jour, oil on canvas, 65.0 x 101.0 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Mill along a canal, oil on panel, 18.9 x 24.0 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

Mill along a canal, oil on panel, 18.9 x 24.0 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Moored boat, oil on panel, 29.5 x 23.5 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

Moored boat, oil on panel, 29.5 x 23.5 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | River landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 22.0 x 35.5 cmGabriel P.J.C.

River landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 22.0 x 35.5 cm

Gabriel P.J.C.  | The church of Elspeet, watercolour on paper, 33.2 x 52.3 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

The church of Elspeet, watercolour on paper, 33.2 x 52.3 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | The mill path near Kortenhoef, with windmill De Lelie, oil on panel, 49.7 x 82.2 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

The mill path near Kortenhoef, with windmill De Lelie, oil on panel, 49.7 x 82.2 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | The windmill, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 39.0 x 30.1 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

The windmill, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 39.0 x 30.1 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | View of Giesen Nieuwkerk, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 28.6 x 41.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated '98Gabriel P.J.C.

View of Giesen Nieuwkerk, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 28.6 x 41.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated '98

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Windmill 'De Winkel' in backlight, oil on panel, 20.3 x 30.5 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

Windmill 'De Winkel' in backlight, oil on panel, 20.3 x 30.5 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Windmill in Dutch landscape at sunset, oil on canvas, 25.3 x 60.5 cm, signed l.l.Gabriel P.J.C.

Windmill in Dutch landscape at sunset, oil on canvas, 25.3 x 60.5 cm, signed l.l.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Windmill in the Westbroekpolder near Zoeterwoude, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 32.5 x 26.1 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

Windmill in the Westbroekpolder near Zoeterwoude, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 32.5 x 26.1 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Windmill near Giethoorn, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 32.2 x 54.2 cm, signed l.r.Gabriel P.J.C.

Windmill near Giethoorn, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 32.2 x 54.2 cm, signed l.r.

Gabriel P.J.C.  | Windmill, Abcoude, oil on panel, 20.5 x 30.5 cmGabriel P.J.C.

Windmill, Abcoude, oil on panel, 20.5 x 30.5 cm


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