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Barend Cornelis Koekkoekartist • painter • watercolourist • draughtsmanMiddelburg 1803-1862 Kleef (Duitsland)

biography of Barend Cornelis Koekkoek

As the eldest son, Barend Cornelis Koekkoek seemed destined to succeed his father Johannes Hermanus as a marine painter. He learned the principles of painting from his father, while at the same time he took lessons at the Academy of Middelburg, a breeding ground for painters of the sea and ships. With this background and education, a specialization in navies would not have been surprising. However, Barend Cornelis chose the land over the sea. As early as 1822, at an exhibition in his birthplace Middelburg, it becomes clear which genre he prefers. His entry then consists of six landscape watercolors. Here it is still copies after 17th century masters, but soon he will show work of his own invention. His education continues at the academy in Amsterdam, where he studies from 1822 to 1825 as a student of Jean Augustin Daiwaille, his later father-in-law, and Jan Willem Pieneman. Does Barend Cornelis' surprising choice for landscape painting arise from originality and willfulness, qualities that characterize a great artist, or was the wind taken from his sails by his brothers Johannes and Hermanus? Be that as it may, extraordinary artistic prowess and enthusiasm have made him a successful artist, creator of landscapes so beloved by royal circles that they created a waiting list and enthusiasts had to look for their coveted painting for years. Barend Cornelis had five daughters, two of whom devoted themselves to the arts: Maria Louise and Adèle. The first, like her father, specialized in landscapes, while Adèle continued the tradition of her mother Elise Thérèse and painted flower still lifes.

At Barend Cornelis Koekkoek, winter is secondary to summer: it is estimated that he painted about a hundred snow and ice scenes, about a fifth of his oeuvre. It is striking that Koekkoek specialized in the summer landscape, while his contemporary and counterpart Andreas Schelfhout - greatly admired by Barend Cornelis - was especially renowned for his meticulously painted skating scenes. Unlike in most winters in Schelfhout, or that of his 17th-century predecessor Hendrick Avercamp, Barend Cornelis does not show the animated ice entertainment in his earliest snow landscapes, but depicts the silence in nature when she is dressed in white. From the 1930s onwards, the winters were furnished more vividly, and skaters on frozen ditches, canals and lakes made their appearance, making them more similar to Schelfhout's compositions. The winters of Barend Cornelis, however, are often more richly decorated with trees, bushes and castles or ruins. The majestic oak appears in almost all of his paintings, making it almost his logo. This tree is the symbol of strength, power and imperishability, represents immortality and eternal life. In Barend Cornelis' paintings, his presence also emphasizes the insignificance of man in relation to nature. The winter landscape gave Koekkoek the opportunity to immortalize his beloved millennial Wodan oak with its whimsical branch structure in all its bare glory.

Before settling permanently in the German Kleve in 1834, Barend Cornelis lived in Middelburg, Amsterdam, Hilversum and in Beek near Nijmegen. Meanwhile, he traveled through the Netherlands, Belgium and the Rhineland, to the Harz and to Switzerland in search of motifs for romantic ideal landscapes. The German Central Mountains are often the backdrop in its summers. His book 'Memories and Announcements of a Landscape Painter' shows how much the beauty of the German Rhineland landscape touched him, especially the area of ​​the Siebengebirge with the famous Drachenfels. In almost ecstatic terms he says about this: 'At last, here the gaze is presented to a mountainous landscape with a stately stream, which meanders through it in a hundred arcs, and all this creates sensations in the soul, whereby man, in melancholy mood , still feels so well. You no longer think you are standing on the globe, which displays its richest and most beautiful landscapes here


for salepaintings, watercolours and drawings by Barend Cornelis Koekkoek


Koekkoek B.C.  | A Lower Rhine winter landscape with a church inspired by the church at Aerdt, oil on canvas, 39.7 x 52.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1837Koekkoek B.C.

A Lower Rhine winter landscape with a church inspired by the church at Aerdt, oil on canvas, 39.7 x 52.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1837

Koekkoek B.C.  | A river landscape, ink and watercolour on paper, 18.6 x 27.7 cm, signed l.r.Koekkoek B.C.

A river landscape, ink and watercolour on paper, 18.6 x 27.7 cm, signed l.r.

Koekkoek B.C.  | A riverscape at sunset, oil on panel, 17.4 x 23.3 cm, signed l.l. with initials and painted 1826Koekkoek B.C.

A riverscape at sunset, oil on panel, 17.4 x 23.3 cm, signed l.l. with initials and painted 1826

Koekkoek B.C.  | Figures and cows in a mountainous landscape, oil on canvas, 101.0 x 128.8 cm, signed l.l. 'B.C. Koekkoek' in full and 'PG v O' in mon. and painted ca. 1832Koekkoek B.C.

Figures and cows in a mountainous landscape, oil on canvas, 101.0 x 128.8 cm, signed l.l. 'B.C. Koekkoek' in full and 'PG v O' in mon. and painted ca. 1832

Koekkoek B.C.  | Figures near a farmhouse, drawing on paperKoekkoek B.C.

Figures near a farmhouse, drawing on paper

Koekkoek B.C.  | Harvest time, Luxemburg, ink and watercolour on paper, 19.6 x 24.9 cm, signed l.c. and dated 1847Koekkoek B.C.

Harvest time, Luxemburg, ink and watercolour on paper, 19.6 x 24.9 cm, signed l.c. and dated 1847

Koekkoek B.C.  | Land folk on a sandy path near a village, pen, brush and ink on paper, 17.5 x 26.0 cm, signed l.l.Koekkoek B.C.

Land folk on a sandy path near a village, pen, brush and ink on paper, 17.5 x 26.0 cm, signed l.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | Traveller in a hilly landscape, sepia and washed ink on paper, 21.2 x 27.4 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1833-1840Koekkoek B.C.

Traveller in a hilly landscape, sepia and washed ink on paper, 21.2 x 27.4 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1833-1840

Koekkoek B.C.  | Travellers near a cottage by the river, watercolour on paper, 14.7 x 19.4 cm, signed l.r.Koekkoek B.C.

Travellers near a cottage by the river, watercolour on paper, 14.7 x 19.4 cm, signed l.r.

Koekkoek B.C.  | Upcoming storm, oil on panel, 65.5 x 83.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1843Koekkoek B.C.

Upcoming storm, oil on panel, 65.5 x 83.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1843


previously for salepaintings, watercolours and drawings by Barend Cornelis Koekkoek


Koekkoek B.C.  | A dune landscape in Zeeland, pen, brush and ink on paper, 18.3 x 26.7 cm, signed l.l.Koekkoek B.C.

A dune landscape in Zeeland, pen, brush and ink on paper, 18.3 x 26.7 cm, signed l.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | A farm labourer, pencil on paper, 23.0 x 13.8 cmKoekkoek B.C.

A farm labourer, pencil on paper, 23.0 x 13.8 cm

Koekkoek B.C.  | A forest landscape by sunset, oil on panel, 32.6 x 29.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1850Koekkoek B.C.

A forest landscape by sunset, oil on panel, 32.6 x 29.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1850

Koekkoek B.C.  | A mountainous landscape with figures on a path, oil on panel, 38.5 x 51.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1843Koekkoek B.C.

A mountainous landscape with figures on a path, oil on panel, 38.5 x 51.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1843

Koekkoek B.C.  | A portrait of an elegant young lady, oil on canvas, 84.7 x 64.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1846Koekkoek B.C.

A portrait of an elegant young lady, oil on canvas, 84.7 x 64.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1846

Koekkoek B.C.  | A resting farmer, chalk on paper, 14.3 x 11.2 cm, signed l.l.Koekkoek B.C.

A resting farmer, chalk on paper, 14.3 x 11.2 cm, signed l.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | A river landscape in Zeeland, pen, brush and ink on paper, 14.6 x 19.3 cm, signed l.l.Koekkoek B.C.

A river landscape in Zeeland, pen, brush and ink on paper, 14.6 x 19.3 cm, signed l.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | A river landscape in Zeeland, pen, brush and ink on paper, 14.6 x 19.3 cm, signed l.l.Koekkoek B.C.

A river landscape in Zeeland, pen, brush and ink on paper, 14.6 x 19.3 cm, signed l.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | A river landscape with a ruin, washed ink and watercolour on paper, 17.4 x 26.5 cm, signed l.c.Koekkoek B.C.

A river landscape with a ruin, washed ink and watercolour on paper, 17.4 x 26.5 cm, signed l.c.

Koekkoek B.C.  | A shepherd and his flock in a wooded landscape, oil on panel, 39.5 x 50.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1851Koekkoek B.C.

A shepherd and his flock in a wooded landscape, oil on panel, 39.5 x 50.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1851

Koekkoek B.C.  | A study of figures, chalk on coloured paper, 15.8 x 19.6 cm, signed l.l. with initialsKoekkoek B.C.

A study of figures, chalk on coloured paper, 15.8 x 19.6 cm, signed l.l. with initials

Koekkoek B.C.  | A village, sepia on paper, 19.5 x 28.5 cm, signed l.r.Koekkoek B.C.

A village, sepia on paper, 19.5 x 28.5 cm, signed l.r.

Koekkoek B.C.  | A village church on a sandy path, pen, brush and ink on paper, 15.5 x 19.5 cm, signed l.r.Koekkoek B.C.

A village church on a sandy path, pen, brush and ink on paper, 15.5 x 19.5 cm, signed l.r.

Koekkoek B.C.  | A winter landscape with figures on the ice, oil on panel, 19.1 x 15.7 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1842Koekkoek B.C.

A winter landscape with figures on the ice, oil on panel, 19.1 x 15.7 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1842

Koekkoek B.C.  | A winter landscape with figures on the ice, oil on panel, 17.9 x 14.3 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1846Koekkoek B.C.

A winter landscape with figures on the ice, oil on panel, 17.9 x 14.3 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1846

Koekkoek B.C.  | A winter landscape with skaters at sunset, oil on copper, 7.0 x 7.0 cm, signed l.l. with initials and painted ca. 1827-1830Koekkoek B.C.

A winter landscape with skaters at sunset, oil on copper, 7.0 x 7.0 cm, signed l.l. with initials and painted ca. 1827-1830

Koekkoek B.C.  | A winter landscape with travellers on a country road, oil on canvas, 59.0 x 71.2 cmKoekkoek B.C.

A winter landscape with travellers on a country road, oil on canvas, 59.0 x 71.2 cm

Koekkoek B.C.  | A winter landscape with travellers on a path, oil on canvas, 36.0 x 47.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1827Koekkoek B.C.

A winter landscape with travellers on a path, oil on canvas, 36.0 x 47.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1827

Koekkoek B.C.  | A wooded landscape at dawn, oil on panel, 24.1 x 21.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1850Koekkoek B.C.

A wooded landscape at dawn, oil on panel, 24.1 x 21.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1850

Koekkoek B.C.  | A wooded landscape with a chapel at sunset, oil on panel, 97.3 x 80.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1850Koekkoek B.C.

A wooded landscape with a chapel at sunset, oil on panel, 97.3 x 80.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1850

Koekkoek B.C.  | A young workman, pencil on paper, 21.5 x 16.5 cm, signed l.r.Koekkoek B.C.

A young workman, pencil on paper, 21.5 x 16.5 cm, signed l.r.

Koekkoek B.C.  | An academy study of a man's arm, oil on paper, 30.8 x 43.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1824Koekkoek B.C.

An academy study of a man's arm, oil on paper, 30.8 x 43.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1824

Koekkoek B.C.  | An elegant company in a river landscape, oil on canvas, 56.3 x 74.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1831Koekkoek B.C.

An elegant company in a river landscape, oil on canvas, 56.3 x 74.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1831

Koekkoek B.C.  | Cattle market, watercolour on paper, 22.5 x 27.5 cmKoekkoek B.C.

Cattle market, watercolour on paper, 22.5 x 27.5 cm

Koekkoek B.C.  | Cattle market, watercolour on paper, 21.5 x 27.4 cm, signed m.r. and dated 1850Koekkoek B.C.

Cattle market, watercolour on paper, 21.5 x 27.4 cm, signed m.r. and dated 1850

Koekkoek B.C.  | Drovers and their cattle in a summer landscape, oil on canvas, 44.3 x 60.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1827Koekkoek B.C.

Drovers and their cattle in a summer landscape, oil on canvas, 44.3 x 60.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1827

Koekkoek B.C.  | Extensive wooded landscape with figures on a path, sepia on paper, 12.5 x 17.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1838Koekkoek B.C.

Extensive wooded landscape with figures on a path, sepia on paper, 12.5 x 17.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1838

Koekkoek B.C.  | Figures at the ruins of a town gate, oil on copper, 5.7 x 9.1 cm, signed l.l. with initials and painted ca. 1845-1849Koekkoek B.C.

Figures at the ruins of a town gate, oil on copper, 5.7 x 9.1 cm, signed l.l. with initials and painted ca. 1845-1849

Koekkoek B.C.  | Figures at the ruins of a town gate, oil on copper, 5.7 x 9.1 cm, gesigneerd l.o. met initialen and te dateren ca. 1845-1849Koekkoek B.C.

Figures at the ruins of a town gate, oil on copper, 5.7 x 9.1 cm, gesigneerd l.o. met initialen and te dateren ca. 1845-1849

Koekkoek B.C.  | Figures in a landscape, a ruin beyond, washed pen on paper, 13.7 x 17.7 cm, signed l.l.Koekkoek B.C.

Figures in a landscape, a ruin beyond, washed pen on paper, 13.7 x 17.7 cm, signed l.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | Figures on a country road, sepia on paper, 18.2 x 26.8 cm, signed m.l.Koekkoek B.C.

Figures on a country road, sepia on paper, 18.2 x 26.8 cm, signed m.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | Harbour scene, sepia on paper, 19.3 x 28.2 cm, signed l.c.Koekkoek B.C.

Harbour scene, sepia on paper, 19.3 x 28.2 cm, signed l.c.

Koekkoek B.C.  | Hay harvest, watercolour on paper, 31.6 x 38.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1838Koekkoek B.C.

Hay harvest, watercolour on paper, 31.6 x 38.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1838

Koekkoek B.C.  | Hilly landscape with resting peasant people under an oak, oil on panel, 38.5 x 51.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1843Koekkoek B.C.

Hilly landscape with resting peasant people under an oak, oil on panel, 38.5 x 51.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1843

Koekkoek B.C.  | Hunters in a hilly landscape, sepia on paper, 14.5 x 19.0 cm, signed l.l.Koekkoek B.C.

Hunters in a hilly landscape, sepia on paper, 14.5 x 19.0 cm, signed l.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | Land folk on an wooded path, oil on panel, 17.7 x 24.4 cm, signed l.c. and dated 1849Koekkoek B.C.

Land folk on an wooded path, oil on panel, 17.7 x 24.4 cm, signed l.c. and dated 1849

Koekkoek B.C.  | Oak along a little stream'Het Meertje' at Beek near Nijgemegen, oil on canvas, 39.0 x 53.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1840Koekkoek B.C.

Oak along a little stream'Het Meertje' at Beek near Nijgemegen, oil on canvas, 39.0 x 53.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1840

Koekkoek B.C.  | Rhine landscape, oil on panel, 30.0 x 40.5 cm, signed l.m. and dated 1854Koekkoek B.C.

Rhine landscape, oil on panel, 30.0 x 40.5 cm, signed l.m. and dated 1854

Koekkoek B.C.  | Skaters at sunset, oil on panel, 34.8 x 42.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1835Koekkoek B.C.

Skaters at sunset, oil on panel, 34.8 x 42.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1835

Koekkoek B.C.  | Skaters on a frozen waterway, oil on panel, 14.0 x 19.1 cm, signed l.l. with monogramKoekkoek B.C.

Skaters on a frozen waterway, oil on panel, 14.0 x 19.1 cm, signed l.l. with monogram

Koekkoek B.C.  | Skaters on ice, oil on panel, 23.1 x 30.3 cm, signed l.r. and painted 1834Koekkoek B.C.

Skaters on ice, oil on panel, 23.1 x 30.3 cm, signed l.r. and painted 1834

Koekkoek B.C.  | Soldiers in a panoramic landscape, sepia on paper, 25.2 x 32.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1830Koekkoek B.C.

Soldiers in a panoramic landscape, sepia on paper, 25.2 x 32.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1830

Koekkoek B.C.  | Study of a barrow, chalk on paper, 8.3 x 13.9 cm, signed l.l.Koekkoek B.C.

Study of a barrow, chalk on paper, 8.3 x 13.9 cm, signed l.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | Study of a country boy, chalk on paper, 12.8 x 10.2 cmKoekkoek B.C.

Study of a country boy, chalk on paper, 12.8 x 10.2 cm

Koekkoek B.C.  | Study of a haycart, pencil on paper, 9.1 x 14.8 cm, signed l.l.Koekkoek B.C.

Study of a haycart, pencil on paper, 9.1 x 14.8 cm, signed l.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | Study of a lamb, chalk on paper, 7.3 x 11.3 cmKoekkoek B.C.

Study of a lamb, chalk on paper, 7.3 x 11.3 cm

Koekkoek B.C.  | Study of a ram, chalk on paper, 7.2 x 10.4 cm, signed l.l.Koekkoek B.C.

Study of a ram, chalk on paper, 7.2 x 10.4 cm, signed l.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | Study of a resting cow, chalk on coloured paper, 13.2 x 21.0 cm, signed l.l. with initialsKoekkoek B.C.

Study of a resting cow, chalk on coloured paper, 13.2 x 21.0 cm, signed l.l. with initials

Koekkoek B.C.  | Study of a resting cow, chalk and watercolour on paper, 10.1 x 18.2 cmKoekkoek B.C.

Study of a resting cow, chalk and watercolour on paper, 10.1 x 18.2 cm

Koekkoek B.C.  | Study of a sheep, chalk on paper, 8.9 x 12.0 cm, signed l.l.Koekkoek B.C.

Study of a sheep, chalk on paper, 8.9 x 12.0 cm, signed l.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | Study of a sleeping farm boy, chalk on paper, 14.3 x 15.9 cmKoekkoek B.C.

Study of a sleeping farm boy, chalk on paper, 14.3 x 15.9 cm

Koekkoek B.C.  | Study of rams and sheep, chalk on paper, 15.2 x 23.8 cm, signed l.l.Koekkoek B.C.

Study of rams and sheep, chalk on paper, 15.2 x 23.8 cm, signed l.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | Stuy, chalk on paper, 14.3 x 12.5 cm, signed l.l.Koekkoek B.C.

Stuy, chalk on paper, 14.3 x 12.5 cm, signed l.l.

Koekkoek B.C.  | Summer landscape with travellers, pen and washed ink on paper, 14.0 x 19.9 cm, signed c.r.Koekkoek B.C.

Summer landscape with travellers, pen and washed ink on paper, 14.0 x 19.9 cm, signed c.r.

Koekkoek B.C.  | Summer landscape with travellers, sepia on paper, 13.6 x 17.5 cm, signed l.r.Koekkoek B.C.

Summer landscape with travellers, sepia on paper, 13.6 x 17.5 cm, signed l.r.

Koekkoek B.C.  | The river Rhine, Germany, oil on panel, 37.9 x 52.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1835Koekkoek B.C.

The river Rhine, Germany, oil on panel, 37.9 x 52.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1835

Koekkoek B.C.  | Travelers ignoring the storm in a German landscape, oil on panel, 34.7 x 47.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1857Koekkoek B.C.

Travelers ignoring the storm in a German landscape, oil on panel, 34.7 x 47.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1857

Koekkoek B.C.  | Travellers along a waterway, Utrecht, oil on canvas, 44.6 x 55.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1839Koekkoek B.C.

Travellers along a waterway, Utrecht, oil on canvas, 44.6 x 55.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1839

Koekkoek B.C.  | Travellers and cattle on a wooded path along a brook, washed pen on paper, 16.4 x 22.0 cm, signed l.l. and painted 1837Koekkoek B.C.

Travellers and cattle on a wooded path along a brook, washed pen on paper, 16.4 x 22.0 cm, signed l.l. and painted 1837

Koekkoek B.C.  | Travellers at a Lady Chapel in the woods, oil on copper, 5.7 x 9.0 cm, signed l.l. with initials and painted between 1845-1849Koekkoek B.C.

Travellers at a Lady Chapel in the woods, oil on copper, 5.7 x 9.0 cm, signed l.l. with initials and painted between 1845-1849

Koekkoek B.C.  | Travellers in a summer landscape, oil on canvas, 37.5 x 47.0 cm, signed m.o. and dated 1833Koekkoek B.C.

Travellers in a summer landscape, oil on canvas, 37.5 x 47.0 cm, signed m.o. and dated 1833

Koekkoek B.C.  | Travellers in a winter landscape, oil on panel, 37.0 x 50.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1834Koekkoek B.C.

Travellers in a winter landscape, oil on panel, 37.0 x 50.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1834

Koekkoek B.C.  | Travellers resting near a farm, sepia on paper, 18.0 x 23.5 cm, signed l.r. with monogramKoekkoek B.C.

Travellers resting near a farm, sepia on paper, 18.0 x 23.5 cm, signed l.r. with monogram

Koekkoek B.C.  | Upcoming storm, oil on panel, 35.4 x 47.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1957Koekkoek B.C.

Upcoming storm, oil on panel, 35.4 x 47.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1957

Koekkoek B.C.  | View of Xanten, near Kleef, ink, pen and watercolour on paper, 8.0 x 12.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1842Koekkoek B.C.

View of Xanten, near Kleef, ink, pen and watercolour on paper, 8.0 x 12.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1842

Koekkoek B.C.  | Winter landscape with skaters and a 'koek-en-zopie', oil on panel, 31.4 x 43.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1827Koekkoek B.C.

Winter landscape with skaters and a 'koek-en-zopie', oil on panel, 31.4 x 43.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1827

Koekkoek B.C.  | Wooded landscape with cattle, oil on panel, 25.3 x 31.2 cm, signed l.r.Koekkoek B.C.

Wooded landscape with cattle, oil on panel, 25.3 x 31.2 cm, signed l.r.


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