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Paul Joseph Constantin Gabrielartist • painter • watercolourist • draughtsmanAmsterdam 1828-1903 Scheveningen

biography of Paul Joseph Constantin 'Constan(t)' Gabriel

Portrait of artist, painter, watercolourist and draughtsman Paul Joseph Constantin 'Constan(t)' Gabriel

Portrait of Paul Joseph Constantin 'Constan(t)' Gabriel

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel was the son of the then celebrated Amsterdam sculptor Paul Joseph Gabriel. It was therefore more or less self-evident that he would become an artist and at the age of 12 he attended the evening class at the Rijksacademie. After a failed apprenticeship with B. C. Koekkoek in Kleve - Gabriel would not have enough talent - and lessons from Cornelis Lieste in Haarlem, he went to Oosterbeek in 1853 to become a good landscape painter. Just like the other painters and his friend Anton Mauve, he practiced studying nature there. The story goes that in bad weather he worked for so long that he got ear infections and became deaf. In 1860 he moved to Brussels to try his luck there. He met Willem Roelofs, who had lived and worked in Brussels for some time and became a kind of teacher for him. In the following years Gabriel underwent enormous influence from the six-year-older Roelofs, as well as from the painters of the Barbizon School, whose work was regularly exhibited in Brussels.

it was Roelofs who took Gabriel on a painting tour in the Netherlands and opened his eyes to the beauty of the water-rich Dutch landscape. They may have visited Kortenhoef together for the first time. Lake and peat areas and polder landscape became Gabriel's specialty. He found a wealth of colors in this Dutch landscape, even when the weather was gray and gray. It is reflected in the intense blue that he often used for the sky, the many color nuances of the water, the colors of green in the meadow. In addition to working with color, simplicity and a balanced composition with strong forms are typical of Gabriel's landscapes. A mill, a barge, an eel trap, a fisherman, they were often the ingredients that he had enough.

From 1862, Gabriel returned to the Netherlands for at least three months each year to paint the polder landscape 'truthfully'. Just like the other painters of the Haagse School, he searched for the unadorned landscape, not yet affected by industrialization. First he found that around Veenendaal and in the Gein area, from the 70s in the ponds and peat areas around Abcoude and nearby Kortenhoef and from 1875 around the Nieuwkoopse Plassen. He must have had a good visual memory and, in his own words, he usually needed just one glance to work out his sketch in his studio, with the memory still fresh in his mind. His oil sketches were, just like those of Roelofs, of such high quality that they were often stuck on a panel later on and sold as a painting.
One of Gabriel's most important students was Willem Tholen, who came to Brussels for three months in 1879 to get lessons. After that the master and pupil kept in touch. Gabriel went to Kampen for a few summers to stay with Tholen. Then they went into the peat bogs or worked around Giethoorn.

In 1884 Gabriel moved back to the Netherlands and settled near The Hague. The art climate there had become more favorable for 'modern' landscape painters and, moreover, his childhood friend Mauve lived in The Hague. Gabriel settled with his wife on the Kanaalweg in Scheveningen. He became an active member of Pulchri Studio and visited new areas, such as the Kinderdijk area. Also in Kortenhoef, a guest at Klaas Boom in the toll booth at the Zuwe, he continued to find the untouchedness he had been looking for throughout his painting life.

previously for salepaintings, watercolours and drawings by Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel


Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | 'Veluws' landscape, oil on panel, 28.4 x 39.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted circa 1850

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

'Veluws' landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A country road, oil on panel, 24.3 x 31.5 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A country road

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A farm along a stream, Giethoorn, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 43.3 x 53.5 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A farm along a stream, Giethoorn

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A fisherman in a polder landscape, oil on canvas, 55.0 x 39.0 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A fisherman in a polder landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A flatboat in a polder landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.5 x 32.0 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A flatboat in a polder landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A man in a rowing boat, watercolour on paper, 35.0 x 53.0 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A man in a rowing boat

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A ploughing farmer, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 22.3 x 33.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated '92

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A ploughing farmer

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A polder landscape, watercolour on paper, 30.5 x 45.5 cm, signed l.l. twice

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A polder landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A polder landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 25.5 x 37.8 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A polder landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A polder landscape with a windmill, oil on panel, 25.0 x 44.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated '74

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A polder landscape with a windmill

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A polder landscape with moored barges, watercolour on paper, 51.0 x 35.8 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A polder landscape with moored barges

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A polder landscape with rainbow, watercolour on paper, 45.0 x 69.0 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A polder landscape with rainbow

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A polder landscape with windmill, watercolour on paper, 7.5 x 16.5 cm, signed l.l. and painted circa 1899

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A polder landscape with windmill

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A polder landscape with windmill, watercolour on paper, 7.5 x 16.5 cm, signed l.l. and painted circa 1899

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A polder landscape with windmill

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A polder landscape with windmills, oil on panel, 18.6 x 23.9 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A polder landscape with windmills

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A polder landscape with windmills in the distance, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 16.0 x 38.0 cm

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A polder landscape with windmills in the distance

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A traveller in a winter landscape, oil on panel, 34.2 x 56.4 cm, signed l.r. and painted circa 1886

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A traveller in a winter landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A view of the 'Oostzijdse Molen aan het Gein' Abcoude, oil on canvas, 28.8 x 46.1 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A view of the 'Oostzijdse Molen aan het Gein' Abcoude

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A view of the 'Proosdijermolen aan de Winkel', Abcoude, chalk and watercolour on paper, 36.5 x 63.5 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A view of the 'Proosdijermolen aan de Winkel', Abcoude

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A view of the 'Winkel', Abcoude, oil on canvas, 66.0 x 101.8 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A view of the 'Winkel', Abcoude

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A view of the church of Elspeet, oil on canvas, 49.2 x 38.4 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A view of the church of Elspeet

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A view on Epe, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 16.3 x 27.5 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A view on Epe

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A windmill, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.2 x 36.0 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A windmill

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A windmill along a waterway, Abcoude, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 21.8 x 34.7 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A windmill along a waterway, Abcoude

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A windmill by sunset, oil on canvas, 48.0 x 35.5 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

A windmill by sunset

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A windmill in a landscape, watercolour on paper, 23.3 x 35.0 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A windmill in a landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | An extensive polder landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.7 x 32.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '74

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

An extensive polder landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Angler in a polder landscape, oil on panel, 18.9 x 32.7 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Angler in a polder landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Angler in a rowing boat at sunset, oil on canvas, 29.4 x 45.9 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Angler in a rowing boat at sunset

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Anglers in a polder landscape, oil on panel, 21.5 x 31.3 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Anglers in a polder landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Canal in a polder landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 22.7 x 43.6 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Canal in a polder landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Corn sheafs, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.9 x 33.4 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Corn sheafs

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Country estate 'Leeuw en Hoofd', Heemstede, oil on panel, 32.8 x 43.7 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1851

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Country estate 'Leeuw en Hoofd', Heemstede

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Evening twilight, oil on panel, 18.8 x 27.1 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1855

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Evening twilight

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Farmer's wife, oil on canvas, 45.6 x 31.7 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Farmer's wife

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Feeding the chickens, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 23.5 x 31.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated '93

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Feeding the chickens

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Fisherman in the early morning, oil on canvas, 30.2 x 47.0 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Fisherman in the early morning

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Fishermen at a duck pond, oil on canvas, 28.9 x 46.4 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Fishermen at a duck pond

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Fishermen in a polder landscape, oil on panel, 21.5 x 31.3 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Fishermen in a polder landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Haystack, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 15.4 x 24.6 cm, signed l.l. and dated '92

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Haystack

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Landscape near Oosterbeek, oil on panel, 9.8 x 14.1 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1855

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Landscape near Oosterbeek

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Landscape under a cloudy sky, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 24.1 x 38.0 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Landscape under a cloudy sky

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Landscape with drawbridge on a rainy day, oil on panel, 21.1 x 31.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated '69

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Landscape with drawbridge on a rainy day

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Landscape with pond (sketch), oil on panel, 28.4 x 31.7 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Landscape with pond (sketch)

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Le Point du jour, oil on canvas, 65.0 x 101.0 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Le Point du jour

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Moored boat, oil on panel, 29.5 x 23.5 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Moored boat

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | River landscape, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 22.0 x 35.5 cm

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

River landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | The church of Elspeet, watercolour on paper, 33.2 x 52.3 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

The church of Elspeet

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | The mill path near Kortenhoef, with windmill De Lelie, oil on panel, 49.7 x 82.2 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

The mill path near Kortenhoef, with windmill De Lelie

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | The windmill, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 39.0 x 30.1 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

The windmill

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | View of Giesen Nieuwkerk, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 28.6 x 41.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated '98

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

View of Giesen Nieuwkerk

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Windmill 'De Winkel' in backlight, oil on panel, 20.3 x 30.5 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Windmill 'De Winkel' in backlight

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Windmill in Dutch landscape at sunset, oil on canvas, 25.3 x 60.5 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Windmill in Dutch landscape at sunset

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Windmill in the Westbroekpolder near Zoeterwoude, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 32.5 x 26.1 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Windmill in the Westbroekpolder near Zoeterwoude

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Windmill near Giethoorn, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 32.2 x 54.2 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • previously for sale

Windmill near Giethoorn


for salepaintings, watercolours and drawings by Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel


Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A canal near Kortenhoef, oil on canvas, 38.8 x 54.8 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • for sale

A canal near Kortenhoef

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A peat cutter with his barge in a polder landschape, oil on canvas, 28.6 x 46.5 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • for sale

A peat cutter with his barge in a polder landschape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | A sunny day, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 47.0 x 32.0 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • for sale

A sunny day

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Dutch polder landscape, oil on canvas, 63.6 x 97.7 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • for sale

Dutch polder landscape

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Early morning near Veenendaal, oil on canvas, 66.0 x 101.5 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1870

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • for sale

Early morning near Veenendaal, ca. 1870

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Farmyard with well, oil on canvas, 29.2 x 41.8 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • for sale

Farmyard with well

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Fisherman in a Dutch landscape, oil on canvas, 29.0 x 46.4 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1875

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • for sale

Fisherman in a Dutch landscape, 1875

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Morning twilight, oil on canvas, 60.5 x 35.9 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • for sale

Morning twilight

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Polderlandscape with a bridge, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.8 x 29.4 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • for sale

Polderlandscape with a bridge

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Summer (polder near Giethoorn), oil on canvas, 90.8 x 151.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1875

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • for sale

Summer (polder near Giethoorn), ca. 1875

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | The first sea bass (early morning), oil on canvas, 54.3 x 83.4 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • for sale

The first sea bass (early morning)

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | View on the Proosdijer windmill on the river Winkel, watercolour on paper, 36.1 x 53.3 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

watercolour • drawing • for sale

View on the Proosdijer windmill on the river Winkel

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Windmill near Leidschendam, oil on panel, 39.4 x 60.0 cm, signed l.l.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • for sale

Windmill near Leidschendam


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