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Post-war abstract art art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The period of reconstruction after the Second World War was also a time of renewal in art. The styles from before the war were no longer adequate for many young artists. After all, the art of the interwar period had become "contaminated" because the occupier had prescribed classical figuration as the norm. Claiming total autonomy in art was a symbol of resistance against the occupier, who had called the free imagination "degenerate". A new society, a new art was the motto.

Although traditionalism in the Netherlands was still firmly in place after the war - there were a large number of artists who worked in the tradition of the Hague School and the New Objectivity - there were also artists who climbed the barricades. After the war, there were two important art centers in the Netherlands, where experiment and protest were given space: Amsterdam and The Hague. After the war, various artists' collectives were established in both cities, whose artists strived for innovation. In the capital - with the Stedelijk Museum under its young director Willem Sandberg as a stage for the experimentalists - the most important 'freedom movements' were Vrij Beelden (1947-1955), the Dutch Experimental Group (1948), Cobra (1948-1951) and Creatie (1950-1955). Vrij Beelden strived for an abstract and experimental art, referring to abstract art from the early 20th century. Members included Frieda Hunziker,
Bram and Geer van Velde, Piet Ouborg and Willem Hussem. The Dutch Experimental Group, with painters such as Karel Appel, Constant, Corneille, Eugène Brands, Anton Rooskens and Theo Wolvecamp, on the other hand, aspired to a radically new abstract art, free from any relationship with previous abstract movements. Later that year, this group was to found the Cobra movement together with kindred colleagues from Brussels and Copenhagen.

There was also a great need for innovation in The Hague. Painters and sculptors associated with the artists' collectives Verve (1951-1957), De Posthoorn (1956-1962), Atol (1959-1962) and Fugare (1960-1967) were also looking for a new visual language. As in Amsterdam, the emphasis here was on abstraction and experiment, but there was more space and understanding for figurative tendencies. Kees Andréa, Herman Berserik, Theo Bitter, Jan van Heel, Nol Kroes, Co Westerik and Ferry Slebe were artists associated with Verve. Fugare knew many former members of Verve, and within this group too there was room for both abstraction and figuration. Members of Fugare included Theo Bitter, Jan van Heel, Willem Hussem, Nol Kroes, Jaap Nanninga, Wim Sinemus and Theo van der Nahme. "De Posthoorn" derived its name from a café where, from 1949, experimental painters and sculptors exhibited. Artists such as Jan Roëde, Jaap Nanninga, Willem Hussem, Hans van der Lek, Nol Kroes, Jan Cremer, Lotti van der Gaag, Theo Bitter and Kees van Bohemen showed their work there. "Atol" only existed for a short time and had only a small number of members, some previously associated with De Posthoorn.

The Gemeentemuseum fulfilled a role in The Hague that was comparable to that of the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam. From 1947 to 1959, the museum organized eight exhibitions that served as a platform for the Hague avant-garde. The term 'Nieuwe Haagse School' was launched in an introduction to one of their exhibitions. In this way they were incorporated into a centuries-old tradition of Hague art, of which The Hague Romanticism and the Hague School were already part of the 19th century. Theo Bitter wrote about this: "The Hague has a good climate for painters. (…) This is mainly due to the location of this city with meadows, forests, dunes and the sea with that silvery light all around. No wonder that the Hague School was created here, a school of artists who tried to capture that light on the bodies of their cows in those pastures and the sails of their boats at sea. The sea air blows refreshingly across the land, creating an atmosphere that tingles in a fine gray glow. That atmosphere still has an effect on the contemporary painter's climate."

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Armando | Untitled, lithograph on paper, 54.0 x 61.0 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil)

Armando

prints & multiples • for sale

Untitled

Corneille | Woman, cat and birds, lithograph on paper, 45.0 x 33.0 cm, signed l.r. (in potlood) and dated '95 (in potlood)

Corneille

prints & multiples • for sale

Woman, cat and birds, 1995

Anton Heyboer | Untitled, oil on canvas, 18.2 x 24.1 cm, signed l.c.

Anton Heyboer

painting • for sale

Untitled

Willy Boers | Vluchtig moment (Fleeting moment), oil on board, 36.7 x 21.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1951

Willy Boers

painting • for sale

Vluchtig moment (Fleeting moment), 1951

Herman Brood | The confessional, felt-tip pen on paper, 29.0 x 38.8 cm, signed l.c. and dated 1992

Herman Brood

watercolour • drawing • for sale

The confessional, 1992

Piet Ouborg | In heftige beweging (In Violent Motion), gouache on paper laid down on board, 50.5 x 65.1 cm, signed l.r. with initials and dated '48

Piet Ouborg

watercolour • drawing • for sale

In heftige beweging (In Violent Motion), 1948

Jaap Wagemaker | Donkere figuren (Dark figures), oil on canvas, 106.4 x 130.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '54

Jaap Wagemaker

painting • for sale

Donkere figuren (Dark figures), 1954

Eugène Brands | Composition II, gouache on board, 42.0 x 51.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated 27/1/49-A

Eugène Brands

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Composition II, 1949

Karel Appel | Composition, lithograph, 38.9 x 49.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated '60

Karel Appel

prints & multiples • for sale

Composition, 1960

Carel Visser | Two sisters, steel, 8.0 x 12.0 cm, signed on the bottom with initials and executed ca. 2000

Carel Visser

statue • sculptuur • for sale

Two sisters, 2000

Frank Lodeizen | Untitled, oil and sand on canvas, 90.3 x 44.5 cm, signed l.r. with initials and dated '88

Frank Lodeizen

painting • for sale

Untitled, 1988

Paul Damsté | Stapeling (Stacking), iron, 30.0 x 10.0 cm

Paul Damsté

statue • sculptuur • for sale

Stapeling (Stacking)

Corneille | Le Chemin d'un Philosophe, watercolour and gouache on newspaper, 34.2 x 22.1 cm, signed u.l. and dated '47

Corneille

painting • for sale

Le Chemin d'un Philosophe, 1947

Harm Kamerlingh Onnes | Summer day on a terrace by the sea, pencil, pen and watercolour on paper, 21.1 x 24.1 cm, signed l.l. with monogram and dated '75

Harm Kamerlingh Onnes

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Summer day on a terrace by the sea, 1975

Anton Rooskens | Composition, lithograph, 70.1 x 49.7 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil) and dated '73 (in pencil)

Anton Rooskens

prints & multiples • for sale

Composition, 1973

Anton Rooskens | Composition, lithograph, 70.0 x 49.6 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil) and dated '73 (in pencil)

Anton Rooskens

prints & multiples • for sale

Composition, 1973

Anton Rooskens | Composition, lithograph, 70.0 x 49.6 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil) and dated '73 (in pencil)

Anton Rooskens

prints & multiples • for sale

Composition, 1973

Hans Hollenbach | Untitled, oil on canvas, 100.5 x 99.6 cm, signed on the stretcher

Hans Hollenbach

painting • for sale

Untitled

Joost Baljeu | W 5'58, screenprint on paper, 50.0 x 149.5 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil) and dated '89 (in pencil)

Joost Baljeu

prints & multiples • for sale

W 5'58, 1989

Robert Clark | Sunburst Marilyn (Homage to Marilyn Monroe), screenprint on paper, 85.0 x 71.5 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil) and dated 2001 (in pencil)

Robert Clark

prints & multiples • for sale

Sunburst Marilyn (Homage to Marilyn Monroe)

Willem Hussem | Composition, oil on canvas, 140.8 x 120.0 cm, signed on the stretcher with the artist's stamp and dated on the stretcher 1974

Willem Hussem

painting • for sale

Composition, 1974

Lucebert | Untitled, chalk and gouache on paper, 73.5 x 108.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated '79.I.11

Lucebert

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Untitled, 1979

Constant | Yellow Man, gouache on paper, 34.0 x 44.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated '49

Constant

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Yellow Man, 1949

Herman Krikhaar | Untitled 1998, acrylic on corrugated cardboard, 70.5 x 162.5 cm, signed l.r. with Monogram and dated '97

Herman Krikhaar

painting • for sale

Untitled 1998

Carel Visser | Stairs, 1971, steel, 10.0 x 20.0 cm, signed on the underside

Carel Visser

statue • sculptuur • for sale

Stairs, 1971

Jack Justice | Parrot, oil on canvas laid down on board, 121.5 x 90.0 cm, signed verso on tape and dated 8/8/1966

Jack Justice

painting • for sale

Parrot, 1966

Kees van Bohemen | Untitled, oil on canvas, 206.0 x 115.7 cm, signed l.r.

Kees van Bohemen

painting • for sale

Untitled

Theo Wolvecamp | Untitled, oil on canvas, 24.3 x 30.6 cm, signed on the reverse

Theo Wolvecamp

painting • for sale

Untitled


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