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Post-war abstract art art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The period of reconstruction after the Second World War was also a time of renewal in art. The styles from before the war were no longer adequate for many young artists. After all, the art of the interwar period had become "contaminated" because the occupier had prescribed classical figuration as the norm. Claiming total autonomy in art was a symbol of resistance against the occupier, who had called the free imagination "degenerate". A new society, a new art was the motto.

Although traditionalism in the Netherlands was still firmly in place after the war - there were a large number of artists who worked in the tradition of the Hague School and the New Objectivity - there were also artists who climbed the barricades. After the war, there were two important art centers in the Netherlands, where experiment and protest were given space: Amsterdam and The Hague. After the war, various artists' collectives were established in both cities, whose artists strived for innovation. In the capital - with the Stedelijk Museum under its young director Willem Sandberg as a stage for the experimentalists - the most important 'freedom movements' were Vrij Beelden (1947-1955), the Dutch Experimental Group (1948), Cobra (1948-1951) and Creatie (1950-1955). Vrij Beelden strived for an abstract and experimental art, referring to abstract art from the early 20th century. Members included Frieda Hunziker,
Bram and Geer van Velde, Piet Ouborg and Willem Hussem. The Dutch Experimental Group, with painters such as Karel Appel, Constant, Corneille, Eugène Brands, Anton Rooskens and Theo Wolvecamp, on the other hand, aspired to a radically new abstract art, free from any relationship with previous abstract movements. Later that year, this group was to found the Cobra movement together with kindred colleagues from Brussels and Copenhagen.

There was also a great need for innovation in The Hague. Painters and sculptors associated with the artists' collectives Verve (1951-1957), De Posthoorn (1956-1962), Atol (1959-1962) and Fugare (1960-1967) were also looking for a new visual language. As in Amsterdam, the emphasis here was on abstraction and experiment, but there was more space and understanding for figurative tendencies. Kees Andréa, Herman Berserik, Theo Bitter, Jan van Heel, Nol Kroes, Co Westerik and Ferry Slebe were artists associated with Verve. Fugare knew many former members of Verve, and within this group too there was room for both abstraction and figuration. Members of Fugare included Theo Bitter, Jan van Heel, Willem Hussem, Nol Kroes, Jaap Nanninga, Wim Sinemus and Theo van der Nahme. "De Posthoorn" derived its name from a café where, from 1949, experimental painters and sculptors exhibited. Artists such as Jan Roëde, Jaap Nanninga, Willem Hussem, Hans van der Lek, Nol Kroes, Jan Cremer, Lotti van der Gaag, Theo Bitter and Kees van Bohemen showed their work there. "Atol" only existed for a short time and had only a small number of members, some previously associated with De Posthoorn.

The Gemeentemuseum fulfilled a role in The Hague that was comparable to that of the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam. From 1947 to 1959, the museum organized eight exhibitions that served as a platform for the Hague avant-garde. The term 'Nieuwe Haagse School' was launched in an introduction to one of their exhibitions. In this way they were incorporated into a centuries-old tradition of Hague art, of which The Hague Romanticism and the Hague School were already part of the 19th century. Theo Bitter wrote about this: "The Hague has a good climate for painters. (…) This is mainly due to the location of this city with meadows, forests, dunes and the sea with that silvery light all around. No wonder that the Hague School was created here, a school of artists who tried to capture that light on the bodies of their cows in those pastures and the sails of their boats at sea. The sea air blows refreshingly across the land, creating an atmosphere that tingles in a fine gray glow. That atmosphere still has an effect on the contemporary painter's climate."

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Eugène Brands | Landscape, gouache on board, 30.8 x 28.3 cm, signed l.l. and dated '73

Eugène Brands

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Landscape, 1973

Eugène Brands | Landschap met wolkenlucht (Landscape with cloudy sky), gouache on paper, 67.4 x 91.0 cm, signed on the reverse and dated on the reverse 16.I.1971

Eugène Brands

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Landschap met wolkenlucht (Landscape with cloudy sky), 1971

Eugène Brands | Composition, gouache on paper, 22.1 x 20.7 cm, signed l.r.

Eugène Brands

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Composition

Eugène Brands | Chimney, gouache on paper, 49.5 x 37.2 cm, signed l.l. with initials

Eugène Brands

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Chimney

Jaap Nanninga | Composition on a blue background, gouache and chalk on paper, 48.0 x 61.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '59

Jaap Nanninga

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Composition on a blue background, 1959

Willy Boers | Brown with 3 green and 1 purple stripe, collage on paper, 78.0 x 42.0 cm, signed l.c. and dated Aug 1977

Willy Boers

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Brown with 3 green and 1 purple stripe, 1977

Klaas Boonstra | Untitled, watercolour on paper, 34.5 x 45.0 cm, signed l.l.

Klaas Boonstra

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Untitled

Eugène Brands | The mother-of-pearl box, gouache on paper, 26.7 x 34.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated 10.53

Eugène Brands

watercolour • drawing • for sale

The mother-of-pearl box, 1953

Karel Appel | Untitled, lithograph on paper, 22.2 x 41.3 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil) and dated '59 (in pencil)

Karel Appel

prints & multiples • for sale

Untitled, 1959

Hugo Claus | Untitled, ink and wax crayon on photomechanic print, 15.2 x 23.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1953

Hugo Claus

painting • for sale

Untitled, 1953

Ger Lataster | Untitled, giclée print on paper, 56.5 x 78.5 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil) and dated '70 (in pencil)

Ger Lataster

painting • for sale

Untitled, 1970

Corneille | Woman, cat and birds, lithograph on paper, 45.0 x 33.0 cm, signed l.r. (in potlood) and dated '95 (in potlood)

Corneille

prints & multiples • for sale

Woman, cat and birds, 1995

Anton Heyboer | Untitled, oil on canvas, 18.2 x 24.1 cm, signed l.c.

Anton Heyboer

painting • for sale

Untitled

Willy Boers | Vluchtig moment (Fleeting moment), oil on board, 36.7 x 21.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1951

Willy Boers

painting • for sale

Vluchtig moment (Fleeting moment), 1951

Herman Brood | The confessional, felt-tip pen on paper, 29.0 x 38.8 cm, signed l.c. and dated 1992

Herman Brood

watercolour • drawing • for sale

The confessional, 1992

Piet Ouborg | Figuren tussen roependen (Figures between those shouting), ink and gouache on paper, 49.0 x 64.5 cm, signed stamped and signed on the reverse and executed ca. 1945-1950

Piet Ouborg

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Figuren tussen roependen (Figures between those shouting), ca. 1945-1950

Piet Ouborg | In heftige beweging (In Violent Motion), gouache on paper laid down on board, 50.5 x 65.1 cm, signed l.r. with initials and dated '48

Piet Ouborg

watercolour • drawing • for sale

In heftige beweging (In Violent Motion), 1948

Jaap Wagemaker | Donkere figuren (Dark figures), oil on canvas, 106.4 x 130.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '54

Jaap Wagemaker

painting • for sale

Donkere figuren (Dark figures), 1954

Eugène Brands | Composition II, gouache on board, 42.0 x 51.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated 27/1/49-A

Eugène Brands

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Composition II, 1949

Karel Appel | Composition, lithograph, 38.9 x 49.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated '60

Karel Appel

prints & multiples • for sale

Composition, 1960

Carel Visser | Two sisters, steel, 7.7 x 12.3 cm, signed on the bottom with initials and executed in 2000

Carel Visser

statue • sculptuur • for sale

Two sisters, 2000

Frank Lodeizen | Untitled, oil and sand on canvas, 90.6 x 44.4 cm, signed l.r. with initials and dated '88

Frank Lodeizen

painting • for sale

Untitled, 1988

Paul Damsté | Stapeling (Stacking), iron, 30.0 x 10.0 cm

Paul Damsté

statue • sculptuur • for sale

Stapeling (Stacking)

Corneille | Le Chemin d'un Philosophe, watercolour and gouache on newspaper, 34.2 x 22.1 cm, signed u.l. and dated '47

Corneille

painting • for sale

Le Chemin d'un Philosophe, 1947

Harm Kamerlingh Onnes | Summer day on a terrace by the sea, pencil, pen and watercolour on paper, 21.1 x 24.1 cm, signed l.l. with monogram and dated '75

Harm Kamerlingh Onnes

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Summer day on a terrace by the sea, 1975

Anton Heyboer | Untitled, ink and watercolour on paper, 78.5 x 107.5 cm, signed l.c. and dated 1984

Anton Heyboer

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Untitled, 1984

Anton Heyboer | The potential kiss of lesbian women, pencil, chalk and watercolour on paper, 78.4 x 107.5 cm, signed l.c. and dated 1989

Anton Heyboer

watercolour • drawing • for sale

The potential kiss of lesbian women, 1989

Joan Miró | Composition, lithograph on paper, 24.4 x 65.3 cm, signed l.r. (in the stone)

Joan Miró

prints & multiples • for sale

Composition


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