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Classic Modernist paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

Between Amsterdam and Paris: the Dutch avant-garde at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century.
By the classical moderns we mean the Dutch artists who became known in the first quarter of the 20th century for the innovation and daring expressed in their work; both in terms of their subjects and way of painting. In these years, Paris was the artistic Mecca, where Neo-Impressionism, Fauvism, Cubism presented themselves at the Salons and numerous exhibitions. Young artists traveled to the French capital for a short or longer period to become acquainted with these innovative movements and subsequently to process their impressions in their own, modern style. Numerous Dutch painters also visit Paris. The best known is Kees van Dongen who continued to live in Paris. Jan Sluijters and Leo Gestel return in 1904, Sluijters again in 1906, plunging into the vibrant nightlife of Montmartre. For Gestel, the visit to Paris gives an impulse to drawing and sketching elegant women and the nightlife of Amsterdam. After their return to the Netherlands, many of them settled in Amsterdam, where the art climate with the annual exhibitions of St. Lucas in 1908, 1909 and 1910 provided fertile ground for change and experiment. Modern art from this time therefore has many styles, schools and movements. These are seldom clearly delineated, they are often overlapping and always complex. The work of Jan Sluijters and Leo Gestel, Jan Toorop, Otto van Rees and Lodewijk Schelfhout is one of them. In addition, numerous individualists are also considered to be avant-garde, such as the painters Kees Maks, Germ de Jong, Willy Sluiter, Dirk Nijland, Conrad Kickert, Jacob Bendien, Adriaan Lubbers. Amsterdam was, especially because of the exhibition of St. Lucas in 1910, together with Domburg the center of luminism. Piet Mondrian also painted landscapes in this style during the heyday of luminism.

Piet Mondrian 1905-1908: Search for Perfection.
Piet Mondrian's work from the early 20th century is also characterized by an urge to search and experiment on the way to abstraction. In the period 1895-1908, under the influence of theosophy and contemporary art movements, he gradually detached himself from visible reality and experimented with colors, image structure and simplification of forms. This would eventually lead to him depicting nature in abstract horizontal and vertical lines and areas in primary colors. From about 1902 onwards, he painted landscapes on the banks of the Gein for a longer period, which offered him an almost inexhaustible wealth of motifs. He depicts mills, farms and quiet river banks from various points of view, at different times of the day in full, strong colors or in a tonal palette. Especially between 1905 and 1908, his research is increasingly focused on the effect of the light of the sun or moon. In these paintings the details often lapse and simple, powerful shapes - groups of trees, mills - determine the image. They are silent, dreamy landscapes that seem less to represent what the painter saw than to form perfect compositions in which nothing could be added or omitted. In June 1911 he visited Paris for the first time, in December of that year he moved in permanently and in 1912 moved into a studio at 26 Rue du Départ where he continued his experiments. Because this work was understood and appreciated by only a small group of enthusiasts, he occasionally paints naturalistic flowers, for which he can always find buyers.

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Jan Toorop | Children at a village pump, black chalk and watercolour on paper, 11.3 x 15.8 cm, signed l.r. (double) and dated 1903 (double)

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Children at a village pump, 1903

Laurens van Kuik | Composition, oil on canvas, 46.1 x 60.2 cm, signed l.l.

Laurens van Kuik

painting • for sale

Composition

Otto van Rees | Adya working on red embroidery, oil on canvas, 65.2 x 54.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1910

Otto van Rees

painting • for sale

Adya working on red embroidery, 1910

Jos Albert | House on a sunny day, oil on canvas, 31.0 x 20.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1911

Jos Albert

painting • for sale

House on a sunny day, 1911

Lodewijk Schelfhout | Tête de Christ, Indian ink, chalk and watercolour on paper, 50.0 x 39.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1912

Lodewijk Schelfhout

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Tête de Christ, 1912

Toon Kelder | A flower still life, oil on canvas, 67.0 x 37.3 cm, signed l.l.

Toon Kelder

painting • for sale

A flower still life

Toon Kelder | Flower still life with fruit bowl, oil on panel, 58.5 x 44.5 cm, signed u.l.

Toon Kelder

painting • for sale

Flower still life with fruit bowl

Martin Monnickendam | A farmers family from Markelo, oil on canvas, 75.5 x 90.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1924

Martin Monnickendam

painting • for sale

A farmers family from Markelo, 1924

Harm Kamerlingh Onnes | Secret love, oil on board, 32.2 x 37.9 cm, signed l.r. with monogram and dated '78

Harm Kamerlingh Onnes

painting • for sale

Secret love, 1978

Kees Maks | Woman in a blue hat, oil on canvas, 67.0 x 57.2 cm, signed l.l.

Kees Maks

painting • for sale

Woman in a blue hat

Harm Kamerlingh Onnes | Sea view, ink and watercolour on paper, 13.4 x 18.0 cm, signed l.r. with monogram and dated '65

Harm Kamerlingh Onnes

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Sea view, 1965

Piet Mondriaan | View of the river Seine, oil on canvas, 54.2 x 73.1 cm, signed l.l. and painted in 1931

Piet Mondriaan

painting • for sale

View of the river Seine, 1931

Jan Toorop | Young woman reading feminist prose ('Vrouwenrecht'), pencil and chalk on paper, 16.2 x 20.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1897

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Young woman reading feminist prose ('Vrouwenrecht'), 1897

Willy Sluiter | Awaiting the catch at the beach of Katwijk aan Zee, oil on canvas, 89.0 x 149.5 cm, signed on the stretcher and painted ca. 1898-1909

Willy Sluiter

painting • for sale

Awaiting the catch at the beach of Katwijk aan Zee, ca. 1898-1909

Arjen Galema | Place Pigalle in Paris by night, oil on panel, 15.8 x 22.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1918-1925

Arjen Galema

painting • for sale

Place Pigalle in Paris by night, ca. 1918-1925

Huib Luns | The Sybil of Cumae, oil on panel, 32.6 x 23.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated '06

Huib Luns

painting • for sale

The Sybil of Cumae, 1906

Dirk Berend Nanninga | A still life of gerbera, oil on panel, 48.7 x 60.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '32

Dirk Berend Nanninga

painting • for sale

A still life of gerbera, 1932

Lodewijk Schelfhout | Portrait of a saint wearing a mitre, pencil and chalk on paper, 34.0 x 20.0 cm

Lodewijk Schelfhout

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Portrait of a saint wearing a mitre, 1954

Piet van der Hem | Alley in Amsterdam, etching, 14.3 x 17.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '30 jan. 1911'

Piet van der Hem

prints & multiples • for sale

Alley in Amsterdam

Piet van der Hem | In the café (La Tentation de St. Antoine), crayon and watercolour on paper, 23.1 x 18.0 cm, signed l.r.

Piet van der Hem

watercolour • drawing • for sale

In the café (La Tentation de St. Antoine)

Leo Gestel | Travellers, watercolour on paper, 37.5 x 55.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1907

Leo Gestel

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Travellers, 1907

Dirk Smorenberg | The Loosdrechtse Plassen in winter at sunset, oil on canvas, 53.3 x 41.5 cm, signed l.r.

Dirk Smorenberg

painting • for sale

The Loosdrechtse Plassen in winter at sunset

Dirk Smorenberg | The Loosdrechtse Plassen in the winter, oil on canvas, 41.3 x 53.4 cm, signed l.r.

Dirk Smorenberg

painting • for sale

The Loosdrechtse Plassen in the winter

Jean-Gabriel Domergue | La blonde, oil on board, 33.0 x 41.0 cm, signed l.l.

Jean-Gabriel Domergue

painting • for sale

La blonde

Jean-Gabriel Domergue | Young woman dressed in green, oil on canvas, 33.5 x 24.0 cm, signed l.l.

Jean-Gabriel Domergue

painting • for sale

Young woman dressed in green

Jean-Gabriel Domergue | Portrait of Mademoiselle Marisia, oil on canvas, 41.0 x 33.0 cm, signed l.r.

Jean-Gabriel Domergue

painting • for sale

Portrait of Mademoiselle Marisia

Jean-Gabriel Domergue | Blond girl in white dress, oil on canvas, 81.0 x 65.0 cm, signed l.l.

Jean-Gabriel Domergue

painting • for sale

Blond girl in white dress

Willy Sluiter | On the Volendam fair, watercolour on paper laid down on board, 50.5 x 33.0 cm, signed u.r. and dated 'VD' 06 [?]

Willy Sluiter

watercolour • drawing • for sale

On the Volendam fair, 1906


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