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Classic Modernist paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

Between Amsterdam and Paris: the Dutch avant-garde at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century.
By the classical moderns we mean the Dutch artists who became known in the first quarter of the 20th century for the innovation and daring expressed in their work; both in terms of their subjects and way of painting. In these years, Paris was the artistic Mecca, where Neo-Impressionism, Fauvism, Cubism presented themselves at the Salons and numerous exhibitions. Young artists traveled to the French capital for a short or longer period to become acquainted with these innovative movements and subsequently to process their impressions in their own, modern style. Numerous Dutch painters also visit Paris. The best known is Kees van Dongen who continued to live in Paris. Jan Sluijters and Leo Gestel return in 1904, Sluijters again in 1906, plunging into the vibrant nightlife of Montmartre. For Gestel, the visit to Paris gives an impulse to drawing and sketching elegant women and the nightlife of Amsterdam. After their return to the Netherlands, many of them settled in Amsterdam, where the art climate with the annual exhibitions of St. Lucas in 1908, 1909 and 1910 provided fertile ground for change and experiment. Modern art from this time therefore has many styles, schools and movements. These are seldom clearly delineated, they are often overlapping and always complex. The work of Jan Sluijters and Leo Gestel, Jan Toorop, Otto van Rees and Lodewijk Schelfhout is one of them. In addition, numerous individualists are also considered to be avant-garde, such as the painters Kees Maks, Germ de Jong, Willy Sluiter, Dirk Nijland, Conrad Kickert, Jacob Bendien, Adriaan Lubbers. Amsterdam was, especially because of the exhibition of St. Lucas in 1910, together with Domburg the center of luminism. Piet Mondrian also painted landscapes in this style during the heyday of luminism.

Piet Mondrian 1905-1908: Search for Perfection.
Piet Mondrian's work from the early 20th century is also characterized by an urge to search and experiment on the way to abstraction. In the period 1895-1908, under the influence of theosophy and contemporary art movements, he gradually detached himself from visible reality and experimented with colors, image structure and simplification of forms. This would eventually lead to him depicting nature in abstract horizontal and vertical lines and areas in primary colors. From about 1902 onwards, he painted landscapes on the banks of the Gein for a longer period, which offered him an almost inexhaustible wealth of motifs. He depicts mills, farms and quiet river banks from various points of view, at different times of the day in full, strong colors or in a tonal palette. Especially between 1905 and 1908, his research is increasingly focused on the effect of the light of the sun or moon. In these paintings the details often lapse and simple, powerful shapes - groups of trees, mills - determine the image. They are silent, dreamy landscapes that seem less to represent what the painter saw than to form perfect compositions in which nothing could be added or omitted. In June 1911 he visited Paris for the first time, in December of that year he moved in permanently and in 1912 moved into a studio at 26 Rue du Départ where he continued his experiments. Because this work was understood and appreciated by only a small group of enthusiasts, he occasionally paints naturalistic flowers, for which he can always find buyers.

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Jan Toorop | Young woman reading feminist prose ('Vrouwenrecht'), pencil and chalk on paper, 16.2 x 20.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1897

Jan Toorop

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Young woman reading feminist prose ('Vrouwenrecht'), 1897

Willy Sluiter | Awaiting the catch at the beach of Katwijk aan Zee, oil on canvas, 89.0 x 149.5 cm, signed on the stretcher and painted  1898-1909

Willy Sluiter

painting • for sale

Awaiting the catch at the beach of Katwijk aan Zee, ca. 1898-1909

Arjen Galema | Place Pigalle in Paris by night, oil on panel, 15.8 x 22.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1918-1925

Arjen Galema

painting • for sale

Place Pigalle in Paris by night, ca. 1918-1925

Huib Luns | The Sybil of Cumae, oil on panel, 32.6 x 23.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated '06

Huib Luns

painting • for sale

The Sybil of Cumae, 1906

Dirk Berend Nanninga | A still life of Gerbera, oil on panel, 48.7 x 60.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '32

Dirk Berend Nanninga

painting • for sale

A still life of Gerbera, 1932

Sarika Góth | At the fair in Domburg, oil on paper laid down on board, 30.5 x 36.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated 'Juli 1921'

Sarika Góth

painting • for sale

At the fair in Domburg, 1921

Lodewijk Schelfhout | Portrait of a saint wearing a mitre, pencil and chalk on paper, 34.0 x 20.0 cm

Lodewijk Schelfhout

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Portrait of a saint wearing a mitre

Piet van der Hem | Alley in Amsterdam, etching, 14.3 x 17.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '30 jan. 1911'

Piet van der Hem

prints & multiples • for sale

Alley in Amsterdam

Leo Gestel | Travellers, watercolour on paper, 36.0 x 53.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1907

Leo Gestel

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Travellers

Kees Maks | Triple tandem, watercolour and gouache on paper, 59.4 x 89.4 cm, signed l.r.

Kees Maks

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Triple tandem

Dirk Smorenberg | The Loosdrechtse Plassen in winter at sunset, oil on canvas, 53.3 x 41.5 cm, signed l.r.

Dirk Smorenberg

painting • for sale

The Loosdrechtse Plassen in winter at sunset

Dirk Smorenberg | The Loosdrechtse Plassen in the winter, oil on canvas, 41.3 x 53.4 cm, signed l.r.

Dirk Smorenberg

painting • for sale

The Loosdrechtse Plassen in the winter

Piet van der Hem | Marianne with fashionable hat, chalk on paper, 54.0 x 39.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated 'Mei' 1912

Piet van der Hem

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Marianne with fashionable hat, 1912

Clyde Kelley | The Café, oil on board, 55.4 x 67.2 cm, signed l.l.

Clyde Kelley

painting • for sale

The Café

Jean Metzinger | Etude d'une femme nue assise; on the reverse: Guitarist, pencil on paper, 15.5 x 11.0 cm, signed 
l.l. and on the reverse with the artists stamp

Jean Metzinger

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Etude d'une femme nue assise; on the reverse: Guitarist

Marie Laurencin | Two women, pen, ink and watercolour on paper, 25.0 x 21.5 cm, signed l.l. with initials

Marie Laurencin

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Two women

Raoul Dufy | Moisson de Langres (Harvest in Langres), oil on canvas, 33.0 x 41.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated  'Langres' 1935

Raoul Dufy

painting • for sale

Moisson de Langres (Harvest in Langres), 1933

Jean-Gabriel Domergue | La blonde, oil on board, 33.0 x 41.0 cm, signed l.l.

Jean-Gabriel Domergue

painting • for sale

La blonde

Jean-Gabriel Domergue | Young woman dressed in green, oil on canvas, 33.5 x 24.0 cm, signed l.l.

Jean-Gabriel Domergue

painting • for sale

Young woman dressed in green

Jean-Gabriel Domergue | Jeune femme aux cheveux noirs, oil on board, 54.8 x 46.0 cm, signed l.l.

Jean-Gabriel Domergue

painting • for sale

Jeune femme aux cheveux noirs

Jean-Gabriel Domergue | Portrait of Mademoiselle Marisia, oil on canvas, 41.0 x 33.0 cm, signed l.r.

Jean-Gabriel Domergue

painting • for sale

Portrait of Mademoiselle Marisia

Jean-Gabriel Domergue | Agnes in a white blouse, gouache on paper, 52.0 x 38.0 cm, signed l.r.

Jean-Gabriel Domergue

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Agnes in a white blouse

Jean-Gabriel Domergue | Blond girl in white dress, oil on canvas, 81.0 x 65.0 cm, signed l.l.

Jean-Gabriel Domergue

painting • for sale

Blond girl in white dress

André Derain | Personnages, watercolour on paper, 23.0 x 30.0 cm, signed l.r. provided with studio stamp and executed ca. 1905

André Derain

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Personnages

Pierre Bonnard | At the races, pencil on paper, 11.0 x 8.5 cm, signed l.r. with stamp

Pierre Bonnard

watercolour • drawing • for sale

At the races

Pierre Bonnard | Boulevard animé, black chalk on paper, 10.9 x 14.0 cm, signed l.r. with monogram

Pierre Bonnard

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Boulevard animé

Willy Sluiter | On the Volendam fair, watercolour on paper laid down on board, 50.5 x 33.0 cm, signed u.r. and dated 'VD' 06 [?]

Willy Sluiter

watercolour • drawing • for sale

On the Volendam fair, 1906

Piet Mondriaan | Farm with tree, oil on board laid down on panel, 75.5 x 64.0 cm, painted circa 1906-1907

Piet Mondriaan

painting • for sale

Farm with tree, ca. 1906-1907


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