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Impressionist paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The term impressionism was first used in 1874 by Louis Leroy in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari. He had seen the work "Impression du soleil levant" by the young Claude Monet at an exhibition and called Monet and his fellow exhibitors "les impressionistes". A term that was not at all laudatory. Accustomed to the polished representations of Romanticism and Classicism propagated in academic circles, art audiences and critics were shocked by the landscapes painted outdoors and unvarnished representations of everyday, sometimes raw life, in a style that many believed had the character from a cursory sketch.

In the Netherlands, Impressionism spread through the Hague and Amsterdam Schools, although impressionism pur sang, as it took shape in France - the ode to light and the glorification of bright colors - was not depicted in the same way by these artists. The Hague Scholers were more influenced by the Barbizon School, their landscapes usually lack the intensity of touch, sunlight and color; the palette is more subdued, and the brushstroke is often wider. It has been suggested that Dutch light, often muffled by clouds, influenced this. What is certain, however, is that the stylistic preference for the "gray tones" in the landscape has played a major role. The words of Gerard Bilders, already written in 1860, have become a manifesto of this: 'I am looking for a tone, which we call colored gray, that is all colors, however strong, brought together in such a way that they give the impression of a fragrant, warm gray '. For this group of painters, with the most important representatives Jozef Israëls, Hendrik Willem Mesdag, Johannes Bosboom, the landscape painters Willem Roelofs, Anton Mauve, Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch, Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel and the brothers Jacob, Matthijs and Willem Maris, the landscape and the life of fishermen and farmers are the main subjects. Scheveningen was a painter's paradise, where the Haagse Scholers went to document the fishermen and their daily activities. Bath life became the topic around 1900. Jozef Israëls, J.E.H. Akkeringa and Floris Arntzenius, the city portraitist of The Hague, drew inspiration from Scheveningen for their dune and beach scenes: cheerful Dutch scenes, the women in their chairs working or talking peacefully, the children playing in the sand. Willem de Zwart was also inspired by The Hague or the nearby beach. He is also called the 'Haagse Breitner' because he painted typical Hague subjects, but was related in style and use of color to the Amsterdam Impressionists. The figure painters David Artz and Bernard Blommers were included, as well as Louis Apol, who focused almost exclusively on winter landscapes.

Unlike the landscape-oriented painters of the Hague School, the Amsterdam Impressionists were mainly attracted by the dynamics of the big city. In the eighties of the 19th century, artists such as George Breitner, Willem Witsen, Isaac Israels and Eduard Karsen painted scenes of daily life on the street, with a mostly warm and dark palette of browns, reds and blacks. Partly because of a social commitment, they did not shun the confrontational imagination: the seamy side of city life and the hard life of the worker were painted just as well as the nightlife. There was a relationship with the French Impressionists, who were controversial because they depicted the raw reality of everyday life.


Adolphe Louis Victor Geoffroy | Roaring panter, bronze, 19.7 x 25.0 cm, signed on the base

Adolphe Louis Victor Geoffroy

statue • sculptuur • for sale

Roaring panter

Jan Zoetelief Tromp | Fisherman on the beach, Katwijk, pen and black ink on paper, 12.0 x 17.6 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Jan Zoetelief Tromp

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Fisherman on the beach, Katwijk

Barend Brouwer | Castle in a landscape, oil on canvas, 40.6 x 60.6 cm, signed l.r.

Barend Brouwer

painting • for sale

Castle in a landscape

Erwin Günther | Return of the fishing fleet, oil on canvas, 80.7 x 120.4 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1890-1905

Erwin Günther

painting • for sale

Return of the fishing fleet, ca. 1890-1905

Cornelis Vreedenburgh | Mother and child at a garden gate, oil on canvas, 21.4 x 16.2 cm, signed l.r. with initials and dated '07

Cornelis Vreedenburgh

painting • for sale

Mother and child at a garden gate, 1907

Gerard Westermann | Bathing women, oil on panel, 25.4 x 51.6 cm, signed l.r. with Monogram and verso dated 1950

Gerard Westermann

painting • for sale

Bathing women, 1950

Herman Heijenbrock | Laundry day, pastel on paper, 63.9 x 46.8 cm, signed l.r.

Herman Heijenbrock

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Laundry day

Johan Barthold Jongkind | La Meuse et le Merwede devant Dortrecht (Hollande), effet de Soir, oil on canvas, 41.0 x 66.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1878

Johan Barthold Jongkind

painting • for sale

La Meuse et le Merwede devant Dortrecht (Hollande), effet de Soir, 1878

Ernest Filliard | Purple flowers in earthenware pot, watercolour on paper, 36.3 x 36.3 cm, signed l.r.

Ernest Filliard

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Purple flowers in earthenware pot

Eugène Isabey | The shooting party, oil on canvas, 21.3 x 171.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '76

Eugène Isabey

painting • for sale

The shooting party, 1876

Cornelis Vreedenburgh | A view of a city harbour, oil on canvas, 59.2 x 73.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1936

Cornelis Vreedenburgh

painting • for sale

A view of a city harbour, 1936

Jan Holtrup | Plowing farmer at Groesbeek, oil on canvas, 50.1 x 69.9 cm, signed l.l.

Jan Holtrup

painting • for sale

Plowing farmer at Groesbeek

Abraham Fresco | Street vendor, pastel on paper, 56.9 x 44.0 cm, signed l.r.

Abraham Fresco

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Street vendor

Floris Arntzenius | Zinnias in a copper vase, oil on canvas, 43.0 x 50.4 cm, signed l.m.

Floris Arntzenius

painting • for sale

Zinnias in a copper vase

Rudolf Nissl | Lady inside the cafe, oil on canvas, 54.9 x 46.2 cm

Rudolf Nissl

painting • for sale

Lady inside the cafe

Isaac Israels | A day in the Oosterpark, Amsterdam, watercolour on paper, 24.5 x 49.3 cm, signed l.l.

Isaac Israels

watercolour • drawing • for sale

A day in the Oosterpark, Amsterdam

Ben Viegers | Bulb field, oil on canvas, 40.6 x 50.6 cm, signed l.l.

Ben Viegers

painting • for sale

Bulb field

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel | Landscape with farm at sunset, oil on canvas, 45.5 x 63.0 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel

painting • for sale

Landscape with farm at sunset

Charley Garry | Two dancing women, oil on canvas, 46.4 x 38.5 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1920

Charley Garry

painting • for sale

Two dancing women, 1920

Geo Poggenbeek | Young cow at a fence in the meadow, oil on panel, 14.0 x 22.6 cm, signed l.l.

Geo Poggenbeek

painting • for sale

Young cow at a fence in the meadow

Rolf Dieter Meyer-Wiegand | Woman with hat and voile, oil on panel, 18.0 x 14.1 cm, signed l.l.

Rolf Dieter Meyer-Wiegand

painting • for sale

Woman with hat and voile

Constant Artz | Duck family in a polder landscape, oil on panel, 18.1 x 24.1 cm, signed l.r.

Constant Artz

painting • for sale

Duck family in a polder landscape

Manfred Schatz | Wild boars in the snow, oil on canvas, 60.2 x 90.0 cm, signed l.r.

Manfred Schatz

painting • for sale

Wild boars in the snow

'Henri' Charles Antoine Baron | The hand kiss, oil on panel, 36.2 x 28.3 cm, signed c.r.

'Henri' Charles Antoine Baron

painting • for sale

The hand kiss

Dirk Kruizinga | Sailing boats at a jetty, oil on panel, 27.0 x 35.0 cm, signed l.l.

Dirk Kruizinga

painting • for sale

Sailing boats at a jetty

Sam le Poole | Tulpen, watercolour on paper, 28.8 x 26.2 cm, signed l.r.

Sam le Poole

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Tulpen

Johanna Haverkamp-Machwirth | Zinnias, oil on canvas, 40.5 x 30.5 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1890-1907

Johanna Haverkamp-Machwirth

painting • for sale

Zinnias, ca. 1890-1907

Harry Maas | Woman at a mirror, oil on canvas, 105.7 x 76.1 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1963

Harry Maas

painting • for sale

Woman at a mirror, 1963