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Impressionist paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The term impressionism was first used in 1874 by Louis Leroy in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari. He had seen the work "Impression du soleil levant" by the young Claude Monet at an exhibition and called Monet and his fellow exhibitors "les impressionistes". A term that was not at all laudatory. Accustomed to the polished representations of Romanticism and Classicism propagated in academic circles, art audiences and critics were shocked by the landscapes painted outdoors and unvarnished representations of everyday, sometimes raw life, in a style that many believed had the character from a cursory sketch.

In the Netherlands, Impressionism spread through the Hague and Amsterdam Schools, although impressionism pur sang, as it took shape in France - the ode to light and the glorification of bright colors - was not depicted in the same way by these artists. The Hague Scholers were more influenced by the Barbizon School, their landscapes usually lack the intensity of touch, sunlight and color; the palette is more subdued, and the brushstroke is often wider. It has been suggested that Dutch light, often muffled by clouds, influenced this. What is certain, however, is that the stylistic preference for the "gray tones" in the landscape has played a major role. The words of Gerard Bilders, already written in 1860, have become a manifesto of this: 'I am looking for a tone, which we call colored gray, that is all colors, however strong, brought together in such a way that they give the impression of a fragrant, warm gray '. For this group of painters, with the most important representatives Jozef Israëls, Hendrik Willem Mesdag, Johannes Bosboom, the landscape painters Willem Roelofs, Anton Mauve, Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch, Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel and the brothers Jacob, Matthijs and Willem Maris, the landscape and the life of fishermen and farmers are the main subjects. Scheveningen was a painter's paradise, where the Haagse Scholers went to document the fishermen and their daily activities. Bath life became the topic around 1900. Jozef Israëls, J.E.H. Akkeringa and Floris Arntzenius, the city portraitist of The Hague, drew inspiration from Scheveningen for their dune and beach scenes: cheerful Dutch scenes, the women in their chairs working or talking peacefully, the children playing in the sand. Willem de Zwart was also inspired by The Hague or the nearby beach. He is also called the 'Haagse Breitner' because he painted typical Hague subjects, but was related in style and use of color to the Amsterdam Impressionists. The figure painters David Artz and Bernard Blommers were included, as well as Louis Apol, who focused almost exclusively on winter landscapes.

Unlike the landscape-oriented painters of the Hague School, the Amsterdam Impressionists were mainly attracted by the dynamics of the big city. In the eighties of the 19th century, artists such as George Breitner, Willem Witsen, Isaac Israels and Eduard Karsen painted scenes of daily life on the street, with a mostly warm and dark palette of browns, reds and blacks. Partly because of a social commitment, they did not shun the confrontational imagination: the seamy side of city life and the hard life of the worker were painted just as well as the nightlife. There was a relationship with the French Impressionists, who were controversial because they depicted the raw reality of everyday life.


Johan Barthold Jongkind | La Meuse et le Merwede devant Dortrecht (Hollande), effet de Soir, oil on canvas, 41.0 x 66.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1878

Johan Barthold Jongkind

painting • for sale

La Meuse et le Merwede devant Dortrecht (Hollande), effet de Soir, 1878

Cornelis Vreedenburgh | A view of a city harbour, oil on canvas, 59.2 x 73.1 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1936

Cornelis Vreedenburgh

painting • for sale

A view of a city harbour, 1936

George Hitchcock | Double white Tulips, oil on canvas, 76.8 x 65.4 cm, signed l.l.

George Hitchcock

painting • for sale

Double white Tulips

Jozef Gindra | Kingfisher on a branch, oil on panel, 28.5 x 20.1 cm, signed l.r.

Jozef Gindra

painting • for sale

Kingfisher on a branch

Willem Steelink sr. | Summer pastime, watercolour on paper, 39.9 x 33.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '76

Willem Steelink sr.

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Summer pastime, 1876

Théophile Emile Achille de Bock | Angler in  a polder landscape, oil on panel, 27.4 x 41.0 cm, signed l.l.

Théophile Emile Achille de Bock

painting • for sale

Angler in a polder landscape

Otto Eerelman | Together in the 'sjees', oil on canvas, 80.7 x 60.7 cm, signed l.r.

Otto Eerelman

painting • for sale

Together in the 'sjees'

Karel Klinkenberg | A view of the Oude Gracht in Utrecht, oil on panel, 22.1 x 27.0 cm, signed l.r.

Karel Klinkenberg

painting • for sale

A view of the Oude Gracht in Utrecht

Aris Knikker | Drinking cows in a meadow, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 18.0 x 24.1 cm, signed l.l.

Aris Knikker

painting • for sale

Drinking cows in a meadow

Henriette Ronner | Young kittens, oil on panel, 32.2 x 40.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1892

Henriette Ronner

painting • for sale

Young kittens, 1892

Henriette Ronner | Big and small, oil on canvas, 36.4 x 43.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated '99

Henriette Ronner

painting • for sale

Big and small, 1899

Hans von Bartels | Return of the fishing fleet, Katwijk, gouache on paper laid down on canvas, 60.2 x 54.0 cm, signed l.l.

Hans von Bartels

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Return of the fishing fleet, Katwijk

Adriaan van Noort | Tree men working in the bulbfields, oil on canvas, 40.3 x 60.3 cm, signed l.l.

Adriaan van Noort

painting • for sale

Tree men working in the bulbfields

Anna Maria Kruijff | Mother cat with two kittens, oil on canvas, 35.2 x 45.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1908

Anna Maria Kruijff

painting • for sale

Mother cat with two kittens, 1908

Floris Arntzenius | Elephant, black chalk and gouache on paper, 12.7 x 18.4 cm

Floris Arntzenius

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Elephant

Isaac Israels | Portrait of a young woman, oil on panel, 23.0 x 9.5 cm, signed u.r. and painted ca. 1910-1915

Isaac Israels

painting • for sale

Portrait of a young woman, ca. 1910-1915

Johan Antoni de Jonge | Children on the beach of Scheveningen, oil on painter's board, 16.0 x 22.0 cm

Johan Antoni de Jonge

painting • for sale

Children on the beach of Scheveningen

Willem Maris | Ducks on the grass, watercolour on paper, 16.4 x 28.4 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1880-1890

Willem Maris

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Ducks on the grass, ca. 1880-1885

Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch | Fishing in the polder, oil on panel, 20.2 x 28.3 cm, signed l.r. and painted circa 1890-1895.

Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch

painting • for sale

Fishing in the polder, ca. 1890-1895

Anton Koster | Tulip fields between the trees, watercolour and gouache on paper, 28.0 x 43.0 cm, signed l.r.

Anton Koster

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Tulip fields between the trees

Johan Frederik Cornelis Scherrewitz | Fishing vessels on the beach, oil on canvas, 59.8 x 84.2 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Frederik Cornelis Scherrewitz

painting • for sale

Fishing vessels on the beach

Louis Apol | Winter view of a village on a river, oil on canvas, 35.3 x 50.2 cm, signed l.l.

Louis Apol

painting • for sale

Winter view of a village on a river

Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch | Fishing boats on the beach, watercolour on paper, 32.8 x 49.6 cm, signed l.l.

Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Fishing boats on the beach

Louis Apol | Snowy barns in the forest, gouache on paper, 36.5 x 52.1 cm, signed l.r.

Louis Apol

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Snowy barns in the forest

Johan Barthold Jongkind | The stagecoach, La Côte-Saint-André, black chalk and watercolour on paper, 10.3 x 16.7 cm, signed l.r. with the artist's stamp and dated 'La Côte St. André 10 nov 1885'

Johan Barthold Jongkind

watercolour • drawing • for sale

The stagecoach, La Côte-Saint-André, 1885-1885

Floris Arntzenius | A busy Spuistraat in The Hague, watercolour and gouache on paper, 50.1 x 33.9 cm, signed l.r.

Floris Arntzenius

watercolour • drawing • for sale

A busy Spuistraat in The Hague

Georg Hambüchen | White boats, oil on canvas, 50.3 x 40.2 cm, signed l.l.

Georg Hambüchen

painting • for sale

White boats

Leo Eland | Sawa landscape with the Gunung Merapi, oil on panel, 40.0 x 60.0 cm, signed l.r.

Leo Eland

painting • for sale

Sawa landscape with the Gunung Merapi