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Impressionist paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The term impressionism was first used in 1874 by Louis Leroy in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari. He had seen the work "Impression du soleil levant" by the young Claude Monet at an exhibition and called Monet and his fellow exhibitors "les impressionistes". A term that was not at all laudatory. Accustomed to the polished representations of Romanticism and Classicism propagated in academic circles, art audiences and critics were shocked by the landscapes painted outdoors and unvarnished representations of everyday, sometimes raw life, in a style that many believed had the character from a cursory sketch.

In the Netherlands, Impressionism spread through the Hague and Amsterdam Schools, although impressionism pur sang, as it took shape in France - the ode to light and the glorification of bright colors - was not depicted in the same way by these artists. The Hague Scholers were more influenced by the Barbizon School, their landscapes usually lack the intensity of touch, sunlight and color; the palette is more subdued, and the brushstroke is often wider. It has been suggested that Dutch light, often muffled by clouds, influenced this. What is certain, however, is that the stylistic preference for the "gray tones" in the landscape has played a major role. The words of Gerard Bilders, already written in 1860, have become a manifesto of this: 'I am looking for a tone, which we call colored gray, that is all colors, however strong, brought together in such a way that they give the impression of a fragrant, warm gray '. For this group of painters, with the most important representatives Jozef Israëls, Hendrik Willem Mesdag, Johannes Bosboom, the landscape painters Willem Roelofs, Anton Mauve, Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch, Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel and the brothers Jacob, Matthijs and Willem Maris, the landscape and the life of fishermen and farmers are the main subjects. Scheveningen was a painter's paradise, where the Haagse Scholers went to document the fishermen and their daily activities. Bath life became the topic around 1900. Jozef Israëls, J.E.H. Akkeringa and Floris Arntzenius, the city portraitist of The Hague, drew inspiration from Scheveningen for their dune and beach scenes: cheerful Dutch scenes, the women in their chairs working or talking peacefully, the children playing in the sand. Willem de Zwart was also inspired by The Hague or the nearby beach. He is also called the 'Haagse Breitner' because he painted typical Hague subjects, but was related in style and use of color to the Amsterdam Impressionists. The figure painters David Artz and Bernard Blommers were included, as well as Louis Apol, who focused almost exclusively on winter landscapes.

Unlike the landscape-oriented painters of the Hague School, the Amsterdam Impressionists were mainly attracted by the dynamics of the big city. In the eighties of the 19th century, artists such as George Breitner, Willem Witsen, Isaac Israels and Eduard Karsen painted scenes of daily life on the street, with a mostly warm and dark palette of browns, reds and blacks. Partly because of a social commitment, they did not shun the confrontational imagination: the seamy side of city life and the hard life of the worker were painted just as well as the nightlife. There was a relationship with the French Impressionists, who were controversial because they depicted the raw reality of everyday life.


Felicien Bobeldijk | A view of the Westertoren, Amsterdam, watercolour on paper, 67.2 x 42.0 cm, signed l.r.

Felicien Bobeldijk

watercolour • drawing • for sale

A view of the Westertoren, Amsterdam

Anthon van Rappard | A  young workman at a stretching frame, oil on canvas, 45.1 x 25.4 cm

Anthon van Rappard

painting • for sale

A young workman at a stretching frame

Louis Abel-Truchet | Le vélodrome, oil on canvas, 55.2 x 38.6 cm, signed l.l.

Louis Abel-Truchet

painting • for sale

Le vélodrome

Kees Verkade | Johan Cruyff, bronze, 22.5 x 22.0 cm, signed on the base with initials and dated '78 on the base

Kees Verkade

statue • sculptuur • for sale

Johan Cruyff, 1978

Henriette Ronner | Two friends, oil on panel, 24.3 x 31.9 cm, signed l.r.

Henriette Ronner

painting • for sale

Two friends

Otto Eerelman | Saint Bernard puppy in his basket, oil on painter's board, 23.8 x 18.8 cm, signed u.l. and dated 1924

Otto Eerelman

painting • for sale

Saint Bernard puppy in his basket, 1924

A.P. Schotel | Sunny harbor, Dordrecht, oil on canvas, 59.5 x 69.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '22

A.P. Schotel

painting • for sale

Sunny harbor, Dordrecht, 1922

Fredericus Jacobus van Rossum du Chattel | Skating on Haagse Bos pond, oil on canvas, 79.8 x 121.3 cm, signed l.l.

Fredericus Jacobus van Rossum du Chattel

painting • for sale

Skating on Haagse Bos pond

Johannes Hendricus Jurres | A scene from Gil Blas, oil on panel, 28.4 x 22.0 cm, signed l.l.

Johannes Hendricus Jurres

painting • for sale

A scene from Gil Blas

Willy Sluiter | 'Oome Piet', Volendam, black chalk on paper, 24.2 x 1.3 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1918

Willy Sluiter

watercolour • drawing • for sale

'Oome Piet', Volendam

Jan Willem van Borselen | Cows with guardian at farm, oil on canvas, 65.5 x 106.6 cm, signed l.l.

Jan Willem van Borselen

painting • for sale

Cows with guardian at farm

Jan Willem van Borselen | Cows at a river, oil on canvas, 66.2 x 106.6 cm, signed l.l.

Jan Willem van Borselen

painting • for sale

Cows at a river

Morgenstjerne Munthe | Bomschuit on the beach, Katwijk, oil on canvas, 67.3 x 51.6 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1912

Morgenstjerne Munthe

painting • for sale

Bomschuit on the beach, Katwijk, 1912

Jan Zoetelief Tromp | Shell fisherman riding his cart, oil on canvas, 66.2 x 96.8 cm, signed l.r.

Jan Zoetelief Tromp

painting • for sale

Shell fisherman riding his cart

Jacob Hendrik Geerlings | Horse and carriage on a country road, oil on panel, 21.5 x 28.7 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Hendrik Geerlings

painting • for sale

Horse and carriage on a country road

Isaac Israels | A gunner on the beach, watercolour on paper, 19.4 x 26.0 cm, signed l.l.

Isaac Israels

watercolour • drawing • for sale

A gunner on the beach

Maria van der Voort in de Betouw-Nourney | Roses in a basket on the forest floor, oil on canvas, 50.1 x 60.3 cm, signed l.l.

Maria van der Voort in de Betouw-Nourney

painting • for sale

Roses in a basket on the forest floor

Johan Barthold Jongkind | Coucher de soleil sur l'église, Hollande, oil on canvas, 24.3 x 32.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1869

Johan Barthold Jongkind

painting • for sale

Coucher de soleil sur l'église, Hollande, 1869

Louis Abel-Truchet | Le soir au café, oil on canvas, 48.5 x 29.4 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1905

Louis Abel-Truchet

painting • for sale

Le soir au café, ca. 1905

Henk Bos | Still life with colander and eggs, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 24.5 x 30.4 cm, signed l.r.

Henk Bos

painting • for sale

Still life with colander and eggs

Henk Bos | Still life with apple and walnut, oil on canvas, 24.8 x 31.1 cm, signed l.l.

Henk Bos

painting • for sale

Still life with apple and walnut

Jean Béraud | Les Midinettes, oil on painter's board, 54.9 x 36.7 cm, signed l.l.

Jean Béraud

painting • for sale

Les Midinettes

Marcel Cosson | After the theater, oil on panel, 55.1 x 46.1 cm, signed l.l. and painted in 1920

Marcel Cosson

painting • for sale

After the theater, 1920

Otto Eerelman | Horse-drawn sleigh in a town, oil on canvas, 60.3 x 90.3 cm, signed l.l.

Otto Eerelman

painting • for sale

Horse-drawn sleigh in a town

Willem Witsen | Winter in Ede, oil on canvas, 55.2 x 66.5 cm, painted ca. 1895-1902

Willem Witsen

painting • for sale

Winter in Ede, ca. 1895-1902

Sierk Schröder | Crouched nude, chalk on paper, 35.8 x 35.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated '82

Sierk Schröder

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Crouched nude, 1982

Jan Rijlaarsdam | Street with figures, oil on canvas, 60.3 x 51.4 cm, signed l.l.

Jan Rijlaarsdam

painting • for sale

Street with figures

Karl Wolfgang Boehmer | Christmas Eve, ink and watercolour on paper, 26.6 x 21.0 cm, signed l.l.

Karl Wolfgang Boehmer

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Christmas Eve