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Impressionist paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The term impressionism was first used in 1874 by Louis Leroy in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari. He had seen the work "Impression du soleil levant" by the young Claude Monet at an exhibition and called Monet and his fellow exhibitors "les impressionistes". A term that was not at all laudatory. Accustomed to the polished representations of Romanticism and Classicism propagated in academic circles, art audiences and critics were shocked by the landscapes painted outdoors and unvarnished representations of everyday, sometimes raw life, in a style that many believed had the character from a cursory sketch.

In the Netherlands, Impressionism spread through the Hague and Amsterdam Schools, although impressionism pur sang, as it took shape in France - the ode to light and the glorification of bright colors - was not depicted in the same way by these artists. The Hague Scholers were more influenced by the Barbizon School, their landscapes usually lack the intensity of touch, sunlight and color; the palette is more subdued, and the brushstroke is often wider. It has been suggested that Dutch light, often muffled by clouds, influenced this. What is certain, however, is that the stylistic preference for the "gray tones" in the landscape has played a major role. The words of Gerard Bilders, already written in 1860, have become a manifesto of this: 'I am looking for a tone, which we call colored gray, that is all colors, however strong, brought together in such a way that they give the impression of a fragrant, warm gray '. For this group of painters, with the most important representatives Jozef Israëls, Hendrik Willem Mesdag, Johannes Bosboom, the landscape painters Willem Roelofs, Anton Mauve, Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch, Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel and the brothers Jacob, Matthijs and Willem Maris, the landscape and the life of fishermen and farmers are the main subjects. Scheveningen was a painter's paradise, where the Haagse Scholers went to document the fishermen and their daily activities. Bath life became the topic around 1900. Jozef Israëls, J.E.H. Akkeringa and Floris Arntzenius, the city portraitist of The Hague, drew inspiration from Scheveningen for their dune and beach scenes: cheerful Dutch scenes, the women in their chairs working or talking peacefully, the children playing in the sand. Willem de Zwart was also inspired by The Hague or the nearby beach. He is also called the 'Haagse Breitner' because he painted typical Hague subjects, but was related in style and use of color to the Amsterdam Impressionists. The figure painters David Artz and Bernard Blommers were included, as well as Louis Apol, who focused almost exclusively on winter landscapes.

Unlike the landscape-oriented painters of the Hague School, the Amsterdam Impressionists were mainly attracted by the dynamics of the big city. In the eighties of the 19th century, artists such as George Breitner, Willem Witsen, Isaac Israels and Eduard Karsen painted scenes of daily life on the street, with a mostly warm and dark palette of browns, reds and blacks. Partly because of a social commitment, they did not shun the confrontational imagination: the seamy side of city life and the hard life of the worker were painted just as well as the nightlife. There was a relationship with the French Impressionists, who were controversial because they depicted the raw reality of everyday life.

Emile Jacques | Beach scene with bathers, oil on canvas, 34.1 x 41.3 cm, signed l.l.

Emile Jacques

painting • for sale

Beach scene with bathers

Henk Bos | Still life with colander and eggs, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 24.5 x 30.4 cm, signed l.r.

Henk Bos

painting • for sale

Still life with colander and eggs

Marcel Cosson | After the theater, oil on panel, 55.1 x 46.1 cm, signed l.l. and painted in 1920

Marcel Cosson

painting • for sale

After the theater, 1920

Willem Witsen | Winter in Ede, oil on canvas, 55.2 x 66.5 cm, painted ca. 1895-1902

Willem Witsen

painting • for sale

Winter in Ede

Jan Rijlaarsdam | Street with figures, oil on canvas, 60.3 x 51.4 cm, signed l.l.

Jan Rijlaarsdam

painting • for sale

Street with figures

Lucie van Dam van Isselt | Eggs in a bird's nest against a background of old Dutch tiles, oil on panel, 30.1 x 40.2 cm, signed c.r.

Lucie van Dam van Isselt

painting • for sale

Eggs in a bird's nest against a background of old Dutch tiles

Johannes Evert Akkeringa | Gathering wood at the edge of the forest, oil on panel, 13.5 x 15.8 cm, signed l.l.

Johannes Evert Akkeringa

painting • for sale

Gathering wood at the edge of the forest

Willem Witsen | Poppies in a stone pitcher, oil on canvas, 62.4 x 45.8 cm, signed l.r.

Willem Witsen

painting • for sale

Poppies in a stone pitcher

A.P. Schotel | Speed-boat race at sunset, oil on canvas, 43.6 x 57.3 cm, signed l.r.

A.P. Schotel

painting • for sale

Speed-boat race at sunset

Willem Bastiaan Tholen | Ships on the IJsselmeer, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 31.9 x 52.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated '26

Willem Bastiaan Tholen

painting • for sale

Ships on the IJsselmeer, 1926

Floris Arntzenius | The beach at Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 33.3 x 45.4 cm

Floris Arntzenius

painting • for sale

The beach at Scheveningen

Evert Jan Ligtelijn | Sailing yacht in a regatta, oil on canvas, 60.2 x 79.6 cm, signed l.r.

Evert Jan Ligtelijn

painting • for sale

Sailing yacht in a regatta

Adolphe Louis Victor Geoffroy | Roaring panter, bronze, 19.7 x 25.0 cm, signed on the base

Adolphe Louis Victor Geoffroy

statue • sculptuur • for sale

Roaring panter

Heinrich Hermanns | Flower market on a harbor quay, oil on canvas, 60.8 x 81.3 cm, signed l.r.

Heinrich Hermanns

painting • for sale

Flower market on a harbor quay

Jan Zoetelief Tromp | Fisherman on the beach, Katwijk, pen and black ink on paper, 12.0 x 17.6 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Jan Zoetelief Tromp

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Fisherman on the beach, Katwijk

Piet Meiners | Barn in the woods, oil on canvas, 41.0 x 31.0 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Piet Meiners

painting • for sale

Barn in the woods

Barend Brouwer | Castle in a landscape, oil on canvas, 40.6 x 60.6 cm, signed l.r.

Barend Brouwer

painting • for sale

Castle in a landscape

Cor Noltee | A frozen river landscape, oil on canvas, 30.5 x 49.2 cm, signed l.r.

Cor Noltee

painting • for sale

A frozen river landscape

Marianne Houtkamp | The Autumn, bronze, 45.0 x 18.0 cm

Marianne Houtkamp

statue • sculptuur • for sale

The Autumn

Erwin Günther | Return of the fishing fleet, oil on canvas, 80.7 x 120.4 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1890-1905

Erwin Günther

painting • for sale

Return of the fishing fleet, ca. 1890-1905

Geo Poggenbeek | Dutch polder landscape with cows and windmills, watercolour on paper, 23.5 x 41.0 cm, signed l.l.

Geo Poggenbeek

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Dutch polder landscape with cows and windmills

Cornelis Vreedenburgh | Mother and child at a garden gate, oil on canvas, 21.4 x 16.2 cm, signed l.r. with initials and dated '07

Cornelis Vreedenburgh

painting • for sale

Mother and child at a garden gate, 1907

Gerard Westermann | Bathing women, oil on panel, 25.4 x 51.6 cm, signed l.r. with Monogram and verso dated 1950

Gerard Westermann

painting • for sale

Bathing women, 1950

Herman Heijenbrock | Laundry day, pastel on paper, 63.9 x 46.8 cm, signed l.r.

Herman Heijenbrock

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Laundry day

Johan Barthold Jongkind | La Meuse et le Merwede devant Dortrecht (Hollande), effet de Soir, oil on canvas, 41.0 x 66.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1878

Johan Barthold Jongkind

painting • for sale

La Meuse et le Merwede devant Dortrecht (Hollande), effet de Soir, 1878

Ernest Filliard | Purple flowers in earthenware pot, watercolour on paper, 36.3 x 36.3 cm, signed l.r.

Ernest Filliard

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Purple flowers in earthenware pot

Eugène Isabey | The shooting party, oil on canvas, 21.3 x 171.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '76

Eugène Isabey

painting • for sale

The shooting party, 1876

Daniël Jordens | Skaters on a frozen river, oil on canvas laid down on board, 27.3 x 59.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1909

Daniël Jordens

painting • for sale

Skaters on a frozen river, 1909