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Impressionist paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The term impressionism was first used in 1874 by Louis Leroy in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari. He had seen the work "Impression du soleil levant" by the young Claude Monet at an exhibition and called Monet and his fellow exhibitors "les impressionistes". A term that was not at all laudatory. Accustomed to the polished representations of Romanticism and Classicism propagated in academic circles, art audiences and critics were shocked by the landscapes painted outdoors and unvarnished representations of everyday, sometimes raw life, in a style that many believed had the character from a cursory sketch.

In the Netherlands, Impressionism spread through the Hague and Amsterdam Schools, although impressionism pur sang, as it took shape in France - the ode to light and the glorification of bright colors - was not depicted in the same way by these artists. The Hague Scholers were more influenced by the Barbizon School, their landscapes usually lack the intensity of touch, sunlight and color; the palette is more subdued, and the brushstroke is often wider. It has been suggested that Dutch light, often muffled by clouds, influenced this. What is certain, however, is that the stylistic preference for the "gray tones" in the landscape has played a major role. The words of Gerard Bilders, already written in 1860, have become a manifesto of this: 'I am looking for a tone, which we call colored gray, that is all colors, however strong, brought together in such a way that they give the impression of a fragrant, warm gray '. For this group of painters, with the most important representatives Jozef Israëls, Hendrik Willem Mesdag, Johannes Bosboom, the landscape painters Willem Roelofs, Anton Mauve, Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch, Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel and the brothers Jacob, Matthijs and Willem Maris, the landscape and the life of fishermen and farmers are the main subjects. Scheveningen was a painter's paradise, where the Haagse Scholers went to document the fishermen and their daily activities. Bath life became the topic around 1900. Jozef Israëls, J.E.H. Akkeringa and Floris Arntzenius, the city portraitist of The Hague, drew inspiration from Scheveningen for their dune and beach scenes: cheerful Dutch scenes, the women in their chairs working or talking peacefully, the children playing in the sand. Willem de Zwart was also inspired by The Hague or the nearby beach. He is also called the 'Haagse Breitner' because he painted typical Hague subjects, but was related in style and use of color to the Amsterdam Impressionists. The figure painters David Artz and Bernard Blommers were included, as well as Louis Apol, who focused almost exclusively on winter landscapes.

Unlike the landscape-oriented painters of the Hague School, the Amsterdam Impressionists were mainly attracted by the dynamics of the big city. In the eighties of the 19th century, artists such as George Breitner, Willem Witsen, Isaac Israels and Eduard Karsen painted scenes of daily life on the street, with a mostly warm and dark palette of browns, reds and blacks. Partly because of a social commitment, they did not shun the confrontational imagination: the seamy side of city life and the hard life of the worker were painted just as well as the nightlife. There was a relationship with the French Impressionists, who were controversial because they depicted the raw reality of everyday life.


Bernardus Antonie van Beek | The lakes of Kortenhoef, oil on canvas, 70.5 x 105.3 cm, signed l.r.

Bernardus Antonie van Beek

painting • for sale

The lakes of Kortenhoef

Ko Cossaar | The Thames in the fog, oil on canvas, 51.8 x 76.5 cm, signed l.l.

Ko Cossaar

painting • for sale

The Thames in the fog

Charles Conway II | Hyde Park, London, oil on board, 19.6 x 29.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1924

Charles Conway II

painting • for sale

Hyde Park, London

Gerardine van de Sande Bakhuyzen | Autumn wreath, watercolour on paper, 49.3 x 34.3 cm, signed l.r.

Gerardine van de Sande Bakhuyzen

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Autumn wreath

Gerard Delfgaauw | Shipping at Rotterdam, oil on canvas, 18.8 x 24.7 cm, signed l.r.

Gerard Delfgaauw

painting • for sale

Shipping at Rotterdam

Jan Zoetelief Tromp | The painter's wife reading, with their dog Billie, oil on canvas, 41.5 x 55.5 cm, signed l.l.

Jan Zoetelief Tromp

painting • for sale

The painter's wife reading, with their dog Billie

Jacobus Marinus van Bommel | Indian Cress in a ginger pot, oil on panel, 22.3 x 44.1 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1918

Jacobus Marinus van Bommel

painting • for sale

Indian Cress in a ginger pot, 1918

Cornelis Vreedenburgh | A view of the Raamgracht and the tower of the Zuiderkerk, Amsterdam, oil on canvas, 77.0 x 94.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1927

Cornelis Vreedenburgh

painting • for sale

A view of the Raamgracht and the tower of the Zuiderkerk, Amsterdam

Lucie van Dam van Isselt | Red lillies, oil on panel, 40.2 x 30.1 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1930

Lucie van Dam van Isselt

painting • for sale

Red lillies

Marie Henri Mackenzie | A view of the Oudezijds Achterburgwal, Amsterdam, oil on board, 24.9 x 39.7 cm, signed l.r.

Marie Henri Mackenzie

painting • for sale

A view of the Oudezijds Achterburgwal, Amsterdam

Simon Willem Maris | Windmill 't Haantje along the Smal Weesp in Weesp, oil on panel, 45.0 x 54.2 cm, signed l.r.

Simon Willem Maris

painting • for sale

Windmill 't Haantje along the Smal Weesp in Weesp

Adolf Müller-Cassel | The Fiddler, oil on canvas, 77.6 x 58.9 cm, signed l.r.

Adolf Müller-Cassel

painting • for sale

The Fiddler

Willem Witsen | Anemones in earthenware vase, watercolour on paper, 44.5 x 37.0 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1920

Willem Witsen

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Anemones in earthenware vase

Johannes Christiaan Karel Klinkenberg | Near Leuvehaven, Rotterdam, oil on canvas, 39.3 x 47.2 cm, signed l.r.

Johannes Christiaan Karel Klinkenberg

painting • for sale

Near Leuvehaven, Rotterdam

Margaretha Roosenboom | Pink roses in a stoneware vase, watercolour on paper, 65.0 x 43.4 cm, signed l.r.

Margaretha Roosenboom

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Pink roses in a stoneware vase

Emile Claus | Girls by the stove, oil on canvas, 23.1 x 34.2 cm, signed u.r.

Emile Claus

painting • for sale

Girls by the stove

Johannes Embrosius van de Wetering de Rooij | Sailing boats on the Kagerplassen, oil on canvas, 40.6 x 50.3 cm, signed l.r.

Johannes Embrosius van de Wetering de Rooij

painting • for sale

Sailing boats on the Kagerplassen

Jan Voerman sr. | Wading cattle, watercolour on paper, 28.0 x 40.0 cm, signed l.r. with initials and painted in the 1890's

Jan Voerman sr.

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Wading cattle

Antoine de La Boulaye | After the race, oil on canvas, 100.0 x 80.0 cm, signed l.r.

Antoine de La Boulaye

painting • for sale

After the race

Johanna Pieneman | Two toucans, pastel on paper, 36.7 x 25.0 cm, signed l.l.

Johanna Pieneman

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Two toucans

Jan Holtrup | Landscape in South Limburg, oil on canvas, 30.5 x 40.7 cm, signed l.r.

Jan Holtrup

painting • for sale

Landscape in South Limburg

Ben Viegers | The Nieuwe Kerk in Delft in winter, oil on canvas, 50.1 x 40.0 cm, signed l.r.

Ben Viegers

painting • for sale

The Nieuwe Kerk in Delft in winter

Hendrik Jan Wolter | The Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal in  Amsterdam, oil on painter's board, 21.5 x 26.5 cm

Hendrik Jan Wolter

painting • for sale

The Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal in Amsterdam

Hendrik Jan Wolter | The Jardins des Tuilleries, Paris, oil on panel, 21.5 x 27.0 cm, signed l.l.

Hendrik Jan Wolter

painting • for sale

The Jardins des Tuilleries, Paris

Jan Ludovicus Moerman | Coxed four regatta, oil on panel, 24.5 x 33.1 cm, signed l.r. and dated '88

Jan Ludovicus Moerman

painting • for sale

Coxed four regatta

Evert Jan Ligtelijn | Village in winter with a drawbridge, oil on canvas, 32.2 x 48.6 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1924

Evert Jan Ligtelijn

painting • for sale

Village in winter with a drawbridge, ca. 1924

Gerbrand Frederik van Schagen | A vieuw of Rhenen and the Cunerakerk, the ferry in the foreground, oil on canvas, 38.4 x 64.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1929

Gerbrand Frederik van Schagen

painting • for sale

A vieuw of Rhenen and the Cunerakerk, the ferry in the foreground

Aris Knikker | Fisherman in a boat in the reeds, oil on panel, 22.0 x 35.0 cm, signed l.l.

Aris Knikker

painting • for sale

Fisherman in a boat in the reeds