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Impressionist paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The term impressionism was first used in 1874 by Louis Leroy in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari. He had seen the work "Impression du soleil levant" by the young Claude Monet at an exhibition and called Monet and his fellow exhibitors "les impressionistes". A term that was not at all laudatory. Accustomed to the polished representations of Romanticism and Classicism propagated in academic circles, art audiences and critics were shocked by the landscapes painted outdoors and unvarnished representations of everyday, sometimes raw life, in a style that many believed had the character from a cursory sketch.

In the Netherlands, Impressionism spread through the Hague and Amsterdam Schools, although impressionism pur sang, as it took shape in France - the ode to light and the glorification of bright colors - was not depicted in the same way by these artists. The Hague Scholers were more influenced by the Barbizon School, their landscapes usually lack the intensity of touch, sunlight and color; the palette is more subdued, and the brushstroke is often wider. It has been suggested that Dutch light, often muffled by clouds, influenced this. What is certain, however, is that the stylistic preference for the "gray tones" in the landscape has played a major role. The words of Gerard Bilders, already written in 1860, have become a manifesto of this: 'I am looking for a tone, which we call colored gray, that is all colors, however strong, brought together in such a way that they give the impression of a fragrant, warm gray '. For this group of painters, with the most important representatives Jozef Israëls, Hendrik Willem Mesdag, Johannes Bosboom, the landscape painters Willem Roelofs, Anton Mauve, Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch, Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel and the brothers Jacob, Matthijs and Willem Maris, the landscape and the life of fishermen and farmers are the main subjects. Scheveningen was a painter's paradise, where the Haagse Scholers went to document the fishermen and their daily activities. Bath life became the topic around 1900. Jozef Israëls, J.E.H. Akkeringa and Floris Arntzenius, the city portraitist of The Hague, drew inspiration from Scheveningen for their dune and beach scenes: cheerful Dutch scenes, the women in their chairs working or talking peacefully, the children playing in the sand. Willem de Zwart was also inspired by The Hague or the nearby beach. He is also called the 'Haagse Breitner' because he painted typical Hague subjects, but was related in style and use of color to the Amsterdam Impressionists. The figure painters David Artz and Bernard Blommers were included, as well as Louis Apol, who focused almost exclusively on winter landscapes.

Unlike the landscape-oriented painters of the Hague School, the Amsterdam Impressionists were mainly attracted by the dynamics of the big city. In the eighties of the 19th century, artists such as George Breitner, Willem Witsen, Isaac Israels and Eduard Karsen painted scenes of daily life on the street, with a mostly warm and dark palette of browns, reds and blacks. Partly because of a social commitment, they did not shun the confrontational imagination: the seamy side of city life and the hard life of the worker were painted just as well as the nightlife. There was a relationship with the French Impressionists, who were controversial because they depicted the raw reality of everyday life.

Johan Antoni de Jonge | Riders in the dunes, watercolour on paper, 24.0 x 65.1 cm, signed l.l. with monogram

Johan Antoni de Jonge

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Riders in the dunes

Leendert van der Vlist | Feeding chickens in the snow, oil on canvas, 24.8 x 34.6 cm, signed l.r.

Leendert van der Vlist

painting • for sale

Feeding chickens in the snow

Jan H.B. Koekkoek | Three-master at sea in a storm, oil on panel, 17.0 x 23.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1891

Jan H.B. Koekkoek

painting • for sale

Three-master at sea in a storm

Hendrik Pieter Koekkoek | Farmer's wife and dog on wooded country path, oil on canvas, 61.0 x 50.7 cm, signed l.c.

Hendrik Pieter Koekkoek

painting • for sale

Farmer's wife and dog on wooded country path

Adriaan Groenewegen | Milking time at Oirschot, oil on canvas, 40.7 x 60.7 cm, signed l.l.

Adriaan Groenewegen

painting • for sale

Milking time at Oirschot

Herman Gouwe | Panoramic landscape with haystacks, oil on canvas, 22.3 x 45.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '14

Herman Gouwe

painting • for sale

Panoramic landscape with haystacks

Willem Bastiaan Tholen | Carriage in a snowy street in Voorburg, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 64.1 x 56.3 cm, signed l.r. and executed ca. 1889

Willem Bastiaan Tholen

painting • for sale

Carriage in a snowy street in Voorburg

Eugène-Henri Cauchois | Flower still life, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 35.8 x 17.5 cm, signed l.r.

Eugène-Henri Cauchois

painting • for sale

Flower still life

Eugène-Henri Cauchois | Flower still life, oil on canvas, 36.1 x 17.7 cm, signed l.l.

Eugène-Henri Cauchois

painting • for sale

Flower still life

Egnatius Ydema | Canal in Giethoorn, oil on canvas, 68.2 x 94.8 cm, signed l.r.

Egnatius Ydema

painting • for sale

Canal in Giethoorn

Johan Frederik Cornelis Scherrewitz | Shell fisherman on the beach, oil on canvas, 57.7 x 86.4 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Frederik Cornelis Scherrewitz

painting • for sale

Shell fisherman on the beach

A.P. Schotel | Harbor view with moored barge, oil on canvas, 40.3 x 60.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated '23

A.P. Schotel

painting • for sale

Harbor view with moored barge

Constan Gabriel | Farmhouse hidden behind a cornfield, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 19.8 x 33.6 cm, signed l.l.

Constan Gabriel

painting • for sale

Farmhouse hidden behind a cornfield

Thérèse Schwartze | Portrait of Lizzy Ansingh with hat, oil on panel, 24.0 x 17.9 cm, signed u.r. with initials

Thérèse Schwartze

painting • for sale

Portrait of Lizzy Ansingh with hat

Johannes Evert Akkeringa | Bleaching ground behind the dunes, oil on panel, 17.5 x 31.4 cm, signed l.l.

Johannes Evert Akkeringa

painting • for sale

Bleaching ground behind the dunes

Isaac Israels | Maquillage, pastel and watercolour on paper, 50.1 x 35.0 cm, signed l.r.

Isaac Israels

watercolour • drawing • for sale


Johan Barthold Jongkind | Dutch village 'après Vertin', oil on panel, 18.9 x 24.1 cm, signed l.c. and dated 1888

Johan Barthold Jongkind

painting • for sale

Dutch village 'après Vertin'

Rien Poortvliet | Calf, charcoal on paper, 50.0 x 64.9 cm

Rien Poortvliet

watercolour • drawing • for sale


Morgenstjerne Munthe | Seascape with setting sun, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 24.4 x 30.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated '14

Morgenstjerne Munthe

painting • for sale

Seascape with setting sun

Willy Sluiter | Laughing man with cigarette, chalk on paper, 44.9 x 33.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated '27

Willy Sluiter

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Laughing man with cigarette

Lisa Whitney | Father and son, oil on canvas, 91.8 x 50.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated '37

Lisa Whitney

painting • for sale

Father and son

Frans Meijers | A view of  the Rokin in Amsterdam from the Arti building, oil on canvas, 70.1 x 60.1 cm, signed l.r.

Frans Meijers

painting • for sale

A view of the Rokin in Amsterdam from the Arti building

Rien Poortvliet | Landscape with grazing deer, oil on canvas, 24.6 x 30.2 cm, signed l.r.

Rien Poortvliet

painting • for sale

Landscape with grazing deer

Jan Zoetelief Tromp | Mother and child in the dunes, watercolour on paper, 15.6 x 23.2 cm, signed l.l.

Jan Zoetelief Tromp

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Mother and child in the dunes

Jan Zoetelief Tromp | Das Kälbchen füttern, watercolour on paper, 15.5 x 22.9 cm, signed l.r.

Jan Zoetelief Tromp

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Das Kälbchen füttern

Johan Hendrik Doeleman | A polderlandscape with a windmill, oil on panel, 21.8 x 32.8 cm, signed l.l.

Johan Hendrik Doeleman

painting • for sale

A polderlandscape with a windmill

Gerard Koekkoek | Fishing boat on the high seas, oil on panel, 14.6 x 16.9 cm, signed l.l. with initials and dated '92

Gerard Koekkoek

painting • for sale

Fishing boat on the high seas

Kees Verkade | Exaltation, bronze, 47.3 x 9.9 cm, signed on the underside of the torso and dated '97

Kees Verkade

statue • sculptuur • for sale