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Impressionist paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The term impressionism was first used in 1874 by Louis Leroy in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari. He had seen the work "Impression du soleil levant" by the young Claude Monet at an exhibition and called Monet and his fellow exhibitors "les impressionistes". A term that was not at all laudatory. Accustomed to the polished representations of Romanticism and Classicism propagated in academic circles, art audiences and critics were shocked by the landscapes painted outdoors and unvarnished representations of everyday, sometimes raw life, in a style that many believed had the character from a cursory sketch.

In the Netherlands, Impressionism spread through the Hague and Amsterdam Schools, although impressionism pur sang, as it took shape in France - the ode to light and the glorification of bright colors - was not depicted in the same way by these artists. The Hague Scholers were more influenced by the Barbizon School, their landscapes usually lack the intensity of touch, sunlight and color; the palette is more subdued, and the brushstroke is often wider. It has been suggested that Dutch light, often muffled by clouds, influenced this. What is certain, however, is that the stylistic preference for the "gray tones" in the landscape has played a major role. The words of Gerard Bilders, already written in 1860, have become a manifesto of this: 'I am looking for a tone, which we call colored gray, that is all colors, however strong, brought together in such a way that they give the impression of a fragrant, warm gray '. For this group of painters, with the most important representatives Jozef Israëls, Hendrik Willem Mesdag, Johannes Bosboom, the landscape painters Willem Roelofs, Anton Mauve, Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch, Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel and the brothers Jacob, Matthijs and Willem Maris, the landscape and the life of fishermen and farmers are the main subjects. Scheveningen was a painter's paradise, where the Haagse Scholers went to document the fishermen and their daily activities. Bath life became the topic around 1900. Jozef Israëls, J.E.H. Akkeringa and Floris Arntzenius, the city portraitist of The Hague, drew inspiration from Scheveningen for their dune and beach scenes: cheerful Dutch scenes, the women in their chairs working or talking peacefully, the children playing in the sand. Willem de Zwart was also inspired by The Hague or the nearby beach. He is also called the 'Haagse Breitner' because he painted typical Hague subjects, but was related in style and use of color to the Amsterdam Impressionists. The figure painters David Artz and Bernard Blommers were included, as well as Louis Apol, who focused almost exclusively on winter landscapes.

Unlike the landscape-oriented painters of the Hague School, the Amsterdam Impressionists were mainly attracted by the dynamics of the big city. In the eighties of the 19th century, artists such as George Breitner, Willem Witsen, Isaac Israels and Eduard Karsen painted scenes of daily life on the street, with a mostly warm and dark palette of browns, reds and blacks. Partly because of a social commitment, they did not shun the confrontational imagination: the seamy side of city life and the hard life of the worker were painted just as well as the nightlife. There was a relationship with the French Impressionists, who were controversial because they depicted the raw reality of everyday life.


Piet van der Hem | The 'Nes' in Amsterdam by night, oil on canvas, 130.3 x 190.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1910

Piet van der Hem

painting • for sale

The 'Nes' in Amsterdam by night

Willem Johannes Schütz | Ships in the surf, oil on canvas, 80.5 x 120.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1880

Willem Johannes Schütz

painting • for sale

Ships in the surf

Karel Klinkenberg | A view of a town with the Groenmolen and tower of the Nieuwe Kerk of Delft, oil on canvas, 39.5 x 47.4 cm, signed l.r.

Karel Klinkenberg

painting • for sale

A view of a town with the Groenmolen and tower of the Nieuwe Kerk of Delft

Floris Arntzenius | Market scene, The Hague, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 31.3 x 47.2 cm, signed l.r.

Floris Arntzenius

painting • for sale

Market scene, The Hague

Arnold Marc Gorter | Farm in springtime, oil on canvas, 50.7 x 65.7 cm, signed l.r.

Arnold Marc Gorter

painting • for sale

Farm in springtime

Joop van Leeuwen | The little artist, oil on board, 45.0 x 35.1 cm, signed l.r.

Joop van Leeuwen

painting • for sale

The little artist

Louis Abel-Truchet | Le soir au café, oil on canvas, 48.5 x 29.4 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1905

Louis Abel-Truchet

painting • for sale

Le soir au café

Jean Béraud | Les Midinettes, oil on painter's board, 54.9 x 36.7 cm, signed l.l.

Jean Béraud

painting • for sale

Les Midinettes

Johannes Evert Akkeringa | Children picking flowers in the dunes, oil on panel, 31.9 x 39.4 cm, signed l.l.

Johannes Evert Akkeringa

painting • for sale

Children picking flowers in the dunes

Willem Witsen | Sweet Williams in a glass vase, watercolour on paper, 42.5 x 34.5 cm, signed l.r.

Willem Witsen

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Sweet Williams in a glass vase

Jules Hervé | Enfants fenêtré, oil on canvas, 27.4 x 22.4 cm, signed l.r. and on the reverse

Jules Hervé

painting • for sale

Enfants fenêtré

Jules Hervé | Jeux d'Enfants, oil on canvas, 22.0 x 27.1 cm, signed l.l. and on the reverse

Jules Hervé

painting • for sale

Jeux d'Enfants

Gerard Delfgaauw | The Rotterdam harbour, oil on canvas, 60.6 x 120.7 cm, signed l.r. and without frame

Gerard Delfgaauw

painting • for sale

The Rotterdam harbour

Floris Arntzenius | Landscape with horse and wagon, oil on canvas, 32.2 x 50.3 cm

Floris Arntzenius

painting • for sale

Landscape with horse and wagon

Albert Roelofs | Woman in an interior, oil on panel, 17.8 x 13.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1914

Albert Roelofs

painting • for sale

Woman in an interior

Ferdinand Hart Nibbrig | Bulb fields near Bennebroek, oil on canvas, 40.5 x 56.2 cm, signed vaguely l.r. and painted ca. 1893

Ferdinand Hart Nibbrig

painting • for sale

Bulb fields near Bennebroek

Frits Verdonk | Donkey ride along the beach, oil on canvas, 34.0 x 46.8 cm, signed l.r.

Frits Verdonk

painting • for sale

Donkey ride along the beach

Frits Verdonk | Mrs. Roorda, oil on canvas, 41.3 x 51.2 cm

Frits Verdonk

painting • for sale

Mrs. Roorda

Johannes Josephus Destrée | A polder landscape with figures, oil on panel, 28.8 x 43.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1878

Johannes Josephus Destrée

painting • for sale

A polder landscape with figures

Marcel Cosson | After the ballet performance, oil on canvas, 50.2 x 61.0 cm, signed l.r.

Marcel Cosson

painting • for sale

After the ballet performance

Johan Hendrik van Mastenbroek | Grain elevators at work in the harbour, Rotterdam, oil on canvas, 84.1 x 130.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1913

Johan Hendrik van Mastenbroek

painting • for sale

Grain elevators at work in the harbour, Rotterdam

Johan Barthold Jongkind | Dutch village 'après Vertin', oil on panel, 18.9 x 24.1 cm, signed l.c. and dated 1888

Johan Barthold Jongkind

painting • for sale

Dutch village 'après Vertin'

Arnold Marc Gorter | Spring landscape with a farm, oil on canvas, 62.6 x 79.4 cm, signed l.r.

Arnold Marc Gorter

painting • for sale

Spring landscape with a farm

Willy Sluiter | On the Scheveningen boulevard, in the morning, chalk and watercolour on board, 37.1 x 47.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 'Scheveningen' 1930

Willy Sluiter

watercolour • drawing • for sale

On the Scheveningen boulevard, in the morning

Hein Kever | The reading lesson, oil on canvas, 44.0 x 52.6 cm, signed l.r.

Hein Kever

painting • for sale

The reading lesson

Eugène Isabey | The shooting party, oil on canvas, 21.3 x 171.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '76

Eugène Isabey

painting • for sale

The shooting party

Onbekend | Bust of a girl, plaster, 35.7 x 26.3 cm

Onbekend

statue • sculptuur • for sale

Bust of a girl

Hollandse School, 20e eeuw | Standing female nude, bronze, 30.0 x 10.2 cm, dated '99

Hollandse School, 20e eeuw

statue • sculptuur • for sale

Standing female nude