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Impressionist paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The term impressionism was first used in 1874 by Louis Leroy in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari. He had seen the work "Impression du soleil levant" by the young Claude Monet at an exhibition and called Monet and his fellow exhibitors "les impressionistes". A term that was not at all laudatory. Accustomed to the polished representations of Romanticism and Classicism propagated in academic circles, art audiences and critics were shocked by the landscapes painted outdoors and unvarnished representations of everyday, sometimes raw life, in a style that many believed had the character from a cursory sketch.

In the Netherlands, Impressionism spread through the Hague and Amsterdam Schools, although impressionism pur sang, as it took shape in France - the ode to light and the glorification of bright colors - was not depicted in the same way by these artists. The Hague Scholers were more influenced by the Barbizon School, their landscapes usually lack the intensity of touch, sunlight and color; the palette is more subdued, and the brushstroke is often wider. It has been suggested that Dutch light, often muffled by clouds, influenced this. What is certain, however, is that the stylistic preference for the "gray tones" in the landscape has played a major role. The words of Gerard Bilders, already written in 1860, have become a manifesto of this: 'I am looking for a tone, which we call colored gray, that is all colors, however strong, brought together in such a way that they give the impression of a fragrant, warm gray '. For this group of painters, with the most important representatives Jozef Israëls, Hendrik Willem Mesdag, Johannes Bosboom, the landscape painters Willem Roelofs, Anton Mauve, Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch, Paul Joseph Constantin Gabriel and the brothers Jacob, Matthijs and Willem Maris, the landscape and the life of fishermen and farmers are the main subjects. Scheveningen was a painter's paradise, where the Haagse Scholers went to document the fishermen and their daily activities. Bath life became the topic around 1900. Jozef Israëls, J.E.H. Akkeringa and Floris Arntzenius, the city portraitist of The Hague, drew inspiration from Scheveningen for their dune and beach scenes: cheerful Dutch scenes, the women in their chairs working or talking peacefully, the children playing in the sand. Willem de Zwart was also inspired by The Hague or the nearby beach. He is also called the 'Haagse Breitner' because he painted typical Hague subjects, but was related in style and use of color to the Amsterdam Impressionists. The figure painters David Artz and Bernard Blommers were included, as well as Louis Apol, who focused almost exclusively on winter landscapes.

Unlike the landscape-oriented painters of the Hague School, the Amsterdam Impressionists were mainly attracted by the dynamics of the big city. In the eighties of the 19th century, artists such as George Breitner, Willem Witsen, Isaac Israels and Eduard Karsen painted scenes of daily life on the street, with a mostly warm and dark palette of browns, reds and blacks. Partly because of a social commitment, they did not shun the confrontational imagination: the seamy side of city life and the hard life of the worker were painted just as well as the nightlife. There was a relationship with the French Impressionists, who were controversial because they depicted the raw reality of everyday life.


Jan Zoetelief Tromp | Fisherman on the beach, Katwijk, pen and black ink on paper, 12.0 x 17.6 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Jan Zoetelief Tromp

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Fisherman on the beach, Katwijk

Barend Brouwer | Castle in a landscape, oil on canvas, 40.6 x 60.6 cm, signed l.r.

Barend Brouwer

painting • for sale

Castle in a landscape

Johan Barthold Jongkind | La Meuse et le Merwede devant Dordrecht (Hollande), effet de Soir, oil on canvas, 41.0 x 66.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1878

Johan Barthold Jongkind

painting • for sale

La Meuse et le Merwede devant Dordrecht (Hollande), effet de Soir, 1878

Eugène Isabey | The shooting party, oil on canvas, 21.3 x 171.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '76

Eugène Isabey

painting • for sale

The shooting party, 1876

Cornelis Vreedenburgh | A view of a city harbour, oil on canvas, 59.2 x 73.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1936

Cornelis Vreedenburgh

painting • for sale

A view of a city harbour, 1936

Jan Holtrup | Plowing farmer at Groesbeek, oil on canvas, 50.1 x 69.9 cm, signed l.l.

Jan Holtrup

painting • for sale

Plowing farmer at Groesbeek

Abraham Fresco | Street vendor, pastel on paper, 56.9 x 44.0 cm, signed l.r.

Abraham Fresco

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Street vendor

Ben Viegers | Bulb field near Hillegom, oil on canvas, 40.6 x 50.6 cm, signed l.l.

Ben Viegers

painting • for sale

Bulb field near Hillegom

Constant Artz | Duck family in a polder landscape, oil on panel, 18.1 x 24.1 cm, signed l.r.

Constant Artz

painting • for sale

Duck family in a polder landscape

Henri Charles Antoine Baron | The hand kiss, oil on panel, 36.2 x 28.3 cm, signed c.r.

Henri Charles Antoine Baron

painting • for sale

The hand kiss

Harry Maas | Woman at a mirror, oil on canvas, 105.7 x 76.1 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1963

Harry Maas

painting • for sale

Woman at a mirror, 1963

Constant Artz | Ducks along the waterside, oil on canvas, 40.5 x 50.4 cm, signed l.r.

Constant Artz

painting • for sale

Ducks along the waterside

Kees Verwey | Violets in a jar, watercolour on paper, 32.1 x 23.1 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. '68

Kees Verwey

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Violets in a jar, ca. 1968

Gabriel Deluc | Café dansant, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 119.4 x 158.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated '13

Gabriel Deluc

painting • for sale

Café dansant, 1913

Wellington Jarard Reynolds | Au Café Parisienne, oil on canvas, 142.5 x 112.5 cm, signed on the reverse

Wellington Jarard Reynolds

painting • for sale

Au Café Parisienne

Morgenstjerne Munthe | The arrival of the fishing barge, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 40.1 x 51.1 cm, signed l.l. and dated '14

Morgenstjerne Munthe

painting • for sale

The arrival of the fishing barge, 1914

Otto Eerelman | Summer light, oil on canvas laid down on board, 15.9 x 23.4 cm, signed l.l.

Otto Eerelman

painting • for sale

Summer light

Maurits Monnickendam | Ice cream cart and barrel organ at the Waterlooplein in Amsterdam, pastel and watercolour on paper, 38.5 x 29.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1925

Maurits Monnickendam

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Ice cream cart and barrel organ at the Waterlooplein in Amsterdam, 1925

Morgenstjerne Munthe | Fishmongers waiting on the beach of Katwijk, oil on panel, 16.0 x 21.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated '15

Morgenstjerne Munthe

painting • for sale

Fishmongers waiting on the beach of Katwijk, 1915

Walter Vaes | Fish on a tin plate, oil on canvas, 40.1 x 45.1 cm, signed l.r.

Walter Vaes

painting • for sale

Fish on a tin plate

Jozef Gindra | Kingfisher on a branch, oil on panel, 28.5 x 20.1 cm, signed l.r.

Jozef Gindra

painting • for sale

Kingfisher on a branch

Willem Steelink sr. | Summer pastime on the jetty, watercolour on paper, 39.9 x 33.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '76

Willem Steelink sr.

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Summer pastime on the jetty, 1876

Théophile Emile Achille de Bock | Angler in  a polder landscape, oil on panel, 27.4 x 41.0 cm, signed l.l.

Théophile Emile Achille de Bock

painting • for sale

Angler in a polder landscape

Aristide Goffinon | Breakfast still life, oil on canvas, 45.3 x 60.3 cm, signed l.r.

Aristide Goffinon

painting • for sale

Breakfast still life

Andrés Gimeno | The bullfight, oil on panel, 14.2 x 18.1 cm, signed l.r.

Andrés Gimeno

painting • for sale

The bullfight

Adolf Münzer | Saint Martin procession 1934, oil on canvas, 80.8 x 66.0 cm, signed on the reverse and dated on the reverse 1934

Adolf Münzer

painting • for sale

Saint Martin procession 1934, 1934

Otto Eerelman | Together in the 'sjees', oil on canvas, 80.7 x 60.7 cm, signed l.r.

Otto Eerelman

painting • for sale

Together in the 'sjees'

Emma Ronner | Playful young kittten, oil on panel, 23.4 x 16.5 cm, signed u.r.

Emma Ronner

painting • for sale

Playful young kittten