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Romanticism paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The first half of the 19th century was the heyday of Romanticism. Painting from this period was initially strongly inspired by that of the Golden Age. On the one hand, this was the result of the appreciation at home and abroad for Dutch 17th-century masters. In addition, there was a growing nationalism in our country, fed by the French Napoleonic rule (1795-1813) and reinforced by the secession from Belgium in 1830. In search of their own identity, people looked back with pride on the Golden Age, a period of great prosperity: Holland ruled the oceans, artists such as Rembrandt and Frans Hals painted their most famous canvases and the oversized Town Hall (later Palace) was built on Dam Square, as a symbol of the power and prosperity of the Republic. The Romantic painters were inspired by subjects that were popular in the 17th century, such as interior, landscape, cityscape, seascape and genre painting. The romantic attitude to life was a reaction to the rationalist thinking of the 18th century Enlightenment.

In search of the ideal landscape
The romantic feeling and thinking focused on nature. The landscape painter was struck by its greatness, by its serene beauty, but also by its whimsical and sometimes devastating power. Raging storms, threatening thunderstorms, harsh frost and sometimes shipwrecks triggered strong emotions in the artist. But the quiet, untouched nature could also touch him deeply: mysterious moon nights, almost empty ice plains in the late afternoon sun and idyllic mountain landscapes at a "golden" sunset. Landscape painting focused on the insignificance of man in relation to the overwhelming nature. Large-scale panoramic views, such as those of Andreas Schelfhout, and forest views with impressive voodoo oaks by B.C. Koekkoek and his students are evidence of this. The romantic landscape painting is not an exact representation of nature as it presented itself to the painter. It appears to be painted deceptively true to nature, but is in fact a composite of the most beautiful parts of reality. To this end, nature had to be studied and sketched. Painters made studies on their journeys, often spontaneous impressions, which they used in the studio to create idealized images. Beauty and decency were considered important, a painting had to be pleasant to look at and surpass reality in beauty.

Painters in other genres also worked according to this ideal. As far as one can now ascertain, cityscapes were sometimes topographically correct, but usually the painters tinkered with a composition until a beautiful whole was obtained. The historicizing Dutch cityscape was very popular in the 19th century, both at home and abroad. One of the most important interpreters of the cityscape was the Amsterdam Cornelis Springer. From about 1875 he painted meticulous city portraits with a town hall or rich merchant houses in the Dutch Renaissance style at the center of the image, often furnished with figures in 17th-century clothing. In doing so, he embellished reality somewhat through changes in the composition and the omission of disturbing, contemporary elements. By depicting the 16th and early 17th century buildings, he responded to the growing interest of buyers in their own past. Springer was also loved for his realistic details and lively upholstery, borrowed from everyday life.

This was also found in the beach scene, for example. In English and French Romanticism, painters sometimes turned the beach into a scene of drama and agony, where shipwrecks took place in a flying storm, in Dutch Romanticism the quieter beach scenes predominated, with ships safe on dry land and the everyday activity of fishermen. Interior scenes reflected the bourgeois conservatism of this time. The 17th century also served as an example here: peeks into Old Dutch bourgeois houses, with figures in ditto clothing, strict wooden furniture, black and white tiled floors and stained glass windows. But also church interiors à la Pieter Jansz. Saenredam and Emanuel de Witte were painted. In addition to historicizing 17th-century scenes, later living styles can be found in Romanticism in paintings of rococo, neoclassical or Biedermeier interiors.

The romantic penchant for the past and glorification of nature manifested itself as a political, social and cultural phenomenon. The above shows that painting from the first half of the 19th century was also profoundly influenced by this. Not only did artists paint history pieces, with the glorious national past as their subject, but an idealized, typical (Old) Dutch atmosphere image was also created in other ways.


George Gillis Haanen | Figures on the ice by a koek-en-zopie, oil on canvas, 45.2 x 60.3 cm, signed l.r.

George Gillis Haanen

painting • for sale

Figures on the ice by a koek-en-zopie

Jan Fabius | A girl selling matches in the snow, oil on panel, 21.7 x 18.9 cm, signed u.r.

Jan Fabius

painting • for sale

A girl selling matches in the snow

Mari ten Kate | Playing horse and carriage in the snow, watercolour on paper, 25.1 x 35.6 cm, signed l.r.

Mari ten Kate

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Playing horse and carriage in the snow

Johannes Hilverdink | An angler in a river landscape, oil on panel, 20.8 x 23.7 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Johannes Hilverdink

painting • for sale

An angler in a river landscape

Pieter Cornelis Dommershuijzen | Fisherfolk in the dunes, oil on panel, 15.0 x 20.2 cm, signed l.l. with initials and dated 1886

Pieter Cornelis Dommershuijzen

painting • for sale

Fisherfolk in the dunes, 1886

Everardus Benedictus Gregorius Pagano Mirani | A winter landscape with skaters and figures at a 'koek-en-zopie', oil on panel, 12.9 x 18.1 cm, signed l.l. (remainder)

Everardus Benedictus Gregorius Pagano Mirani

painting • for sale

A winter landscape with skaters and figures at a 'koek-en-zopie'

Everardus Benedictus Gregorius Pagano Mirani | Panoramic landscape with Haarlem and the Wijkermeer in the distance, oil on panel, 13.0 x 18.0 cm, signed l.r.

Everardus Benedictus Gregorius Pagano Mirani

painting • for sale

Panoramic landscape with Haarlem and the Wijkermeer in the distance

Adrianus Hendrikus de Bruïne | Lumberjacks and country folk on a forest path, oil on canvas, 35.8 x 47.9 cm, signed l.r.

Adrianus Hendrikus de Bruïne

painting • for sale

Lumberjacks and country folk on a forest path

Barend Cornelis Koekkoek | A view of the river Rhine near Kleve, pen, brush and ink on paper, 23.7 x 31.4 cm, signed l.c. and dated 1849

Barend Cornelis Koekkoek

watercolour • drawing • for sale

A view of the river Rhine near Kleve

Conradijn Cunaeus | Dutch Partridge dog on partridge hunt, oil on panel, 25.7 x 33.3 cm, signed l.l. and dated '65

Conradijn Cunaeus

painting • for sale

Dutch Partridge dog on partridge hunt, 1865

Petrus Paulus Schiedges | Returned fishing boat at sunset, oil on panel, 18.6 x 27.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated '65

Petrus Paulus Schiedges

painting • for sale

Returned fishing boat at sunset, 1865

Jean-Baptiste Leopold van Leemputten | Farmyard with rooster and chickens, oil on panel, 28.1 x 33.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1863

Jean-Baptiste Leopold van Leemputten

painting • for sale

Farmyard with rooster and chickens, 1863

Albert Jurardus van Prooijen | Landscape with wading cattle, oil on panel, 8.7 x 15.0 cm, signed l.r.

Albert Jurardus van Prooijen

painting • for sale

Landscape with wading cattle

Pierre Jean Fardon | After the battle, oil on panel, 26.0 x 36.2 cm, signed l.r.

Pierre Jean Fardon

painting • for sale

After the battle

Pieter Frederik van Os | In the stable, oil on panel, 9.1 x 12.2 cm, signed l.l.

Pieter Frederik van Os

painting • for sale

In the stable

Albertus Verhoesen | Hen with chicks in a landscape (pair with 21928), oil on panel, 14.7 x 19.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1880

Albertus Verhoesen

painting • for sale

Hen with chicks in a landscape (pair with 21928)

Albertus Verhoesen | Hen with chicks in extensive landscape (pair with 21929), oil on panel, 14.5 x 19.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1880

Albertus Verhoesen

painting • for sale

Hen with chicks in extensive landscape (pair with 21929), 1880

George Gillis Haanen | Remembring history, oil on panel, 21.7 x 16.6 cm, signed l.r. with initials

George Gillis Haanen

painting • for sale

Remembring history

Jan H.B. Koekkoek | A canal with barges and figures, oil on panel, 11.4 x 9.3 cm, signed l.l.

Jan H.B. Koekkoek

painting • for sale

A canal with barges and figures

Cornelis Springer | A town view with the portal of the Kleine Kerk in Edam, oil on panel, 16.2 x 12.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated '78

Cornelis Springer

painting • for sale

A town view with the portal of the Kleine Kerk in Edam, 1878

Hermanus Koekkoek | Shipwreck near a rocky coast, oil on panel, 42.5 x 55.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1834

Hermanus Koekkoek

painting • for sale

Shipwreck near a rocky coast, 1834

Charles Leickert | Winter landscape with skaters an a koek-en-zopie, oil on canvas, 45.0 x 65.7 cm, signed l.l.

Charles Leickert

painting • for sale

Winter landscape with skaters an a koek-en-zopie

Andreas Schelfhout | A snowy winter landscape, oil on panel, 13.7 x 19.5 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1857

Andreas Schelfhout

painting • for sale

A snowy winter landscape, 1857

Eduard Alexander Hilverdink | Amsterdam canal in winter, oil on panel, 23.2 x 31.5 cm, signed l.l. and dated '69

Eduard Alexander Hilverdink

painting • for sale

Amsterdam canal in winter, 1869

Eduard Alexander Hilverdink | A view in Amsterdam (sold with pendant), oil on panel, 22.9 x 32.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated '69

Eduard Alexander Hilverdink

painting • for sale

A view in Amsterdam (sold with pendant), 1896

Nicolaas Martinus Wijdoogen | Fisherman at work along a shoreline, oil on panel, 17.8 x 28.3 cm, signed l.r.

Nicolaas Martinus Wijdoogen

painting • for sale

Fisherman at work along a shoreline

Elchanon Verveer | A good advice, oil on canvas, 68.9 x 91.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1877

Elchanon Verveer

painting • for sale

A good advice, 1877

Wouterus Verschuur | After work, oil on panel, 15.0 x 19.2 cm, signed l.l.

Wouterus Verschuur

painting • for sale

After work