Search by artist
Sluit

Romanticism paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The first half of the 19th century was the heyday of Romanticism. Painting from this period was initially strongly inspired by that of the Golden Age. On the one hand, this was the result of the appreciation at home and abroad for Dutch 17th-century masters. In addition, there was a growing nationalism in our country, fed by the French Napoleonic rule (1795-1813) and reinforced by the secession from Belgium in 1830. In search of their own identity, people looked back with pride on the Golden Age, a period of great prosperity: Holland ruled the oceans, artists such as Rembrandt and Frans Hals painted their most famous canvases and the oversized Town Hall (later Palace) was built on Dam Square, as a symbol of the power and prosperity of the Republic. The Romantic painters were inspired by subjects that were popular in the 17th century, such as interior, landscape, cityscape, seascape and genre painting. The romantic attitude to life was a reaction to the rationalist thinking of the 18th century Enlightenment.

In search of the ideal landscape
The romantic feeling and thinking focused on nature. The landscape painter was struck by its greatness, by its serene beauty, but also by its whimsical and sometimes devastating power. Raging storms, threatening thunderstorms, harsh frost and sometimes shipwrecks triggered strong emotions in the artist. But the quiet, untouched nature could also touch him deeply: mysterious moon nights, almost empty ice plains in the late afternoon sun and idyllic mountain landscapes at a "golden" sunset. Landscape painting focused on the insignificance of man in relation to the overwhelming nature. Large-scale panoramic views, such as those of Andreas Schelfhout, and forest views with impressive voodoo oaks by B.C. Koekkoek and his students are evidence of this. The romantic landscape painting is not an exact representation of nature as it presented itself to the painter. It appears to be painted deceptively true to nature, but is in fact a composite of the most beautiful parts of reality. To this end, nature had to be studied and sketched. Painters made studies on their journeys, often spontaneous impressions, which they used in the studio to create idealized images. Beauty and decency were considered important, a painting had to be pleasant to look at and surpass reality in beauty.

Painters in other genres also worked according to this ideal. As far as one can now ascertain, cityscapes were sometimes topographically correct, but usually the painters tinkered with a composition until a beautiful whole was obtained. The historicizing Dutch cityscape was very popular in the 19th century, both at home and abroad. One of the most important interpreters of the cityscape was the Amsterdam Cornelis Springer. From about 1875 he painted meticulous city portraits with a town hall or rich merchant houses in the Dutch Renaissance style at the center of the image, often furnished with figures in 17th-century clothing. In doing so, he embellished reality somewhat through changes in the composition and the omission of disturbing, contemporary elements. By depicting the 16th and early 17th century buildings, he responded to the growing interest of buyers in their own past. Springer was also loved for his realistic details and lively upholstery, borrowed from everyday life.

This was also found in the beach scene, for example. In English and French Romanticism, painters sometimes turned the beach into a scene of drama and agony, where shipwrecks took place in a flying storm, in Dutch Romanticism the quieter beach scenes predominated, with ships safe on dry land and the everyday activity of fishermen. Interior scenes reflected the bourgeois conservatism of this time. The 17th century also served as an example here: peeks into Old Dutch bourgeois houses, with figures in ditto clothing, strict wooden furniture, black and white tiled floors and stained glass windows. But also church interiors à la Pieter Jansz. Saenredam and Emanuel de Witte were painted. In addition to historicizing 17th-century scenes, later living styles can be found in Romanticism in paintings of rococo, neoclassical or Biedermeier interiors.

The romantic penchant for the past and glorification of nature manifested itself as a political, social and cultural phenomenon. The above shows that painting from the first half of the 19th century was also profoundly influenced by this. Not only did artists paint history pieces, with the glorious national past as their subject, but an idealized, typical (Old) Dutch atmosphere image was also created in other ways.


Frederik Marinus Kruseman | A winter scene with country folk and skaters on the ice, oil on canvas, 52.4 x 72.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1861

Frederik Marinus Kruseman

painting • for sale

A winter scene with country folk and skaters on the ice, 1861

Adrianus Eversen | A sunny town scene (possibly Harderwijk), oil on panel, 19.1 x 15.1 cm, signed l.r. with monogram

Adrianus Eversen

painting • for sale

A sunny town scene (possibly Harderwijk)

Antonie Waldorp | The gun salute, oil on panel, 21.1 x 28.5 cm, signed l.r.

Antonie Waldorp

painting • for sale

The gun salute

George Gillis Haanen | Night scene on the ice by a koek-en-zopie, oil on canvas, 45.2 x 60.3 cm, signed l.r.

George Gillis Haanen

painting • for sale

Night scene on the ice by a koek-en-zopie

Jan Fabius | A girl selling matches in the snow, oil on panel, 21.7 x 18.9 cm, signed u.r.

Jan Fabius

painting • for sale

A girl selling matches in the snow

Wouterus Verschuur | Horses in a stableyard, oil on canvas, 76.3 x 106.2 cm, signed l.l.

Wouterus Verschuur

painting • for sale

Horses in a stableyard

Hermanus Koekkoek jr. | Ships in a storm near a harbor entrance, oil on panel, 21.1 x 30.3 cm, signed l.l. and dated '56

Hermanus Koekkoek jr.

painting • for sale

Ships in a storm near a harbor entrance

Andreas Schelfhout | Two swans in the pond of the Haagse Bos, oil on panel, 24.0 x 32.6 cm, signed l.l.

Andreas Schelfhout

painting • for sale

Two swans in the pond of the Haagse Bos

Pieter Alardus Haaxman | Full of anticipation, oil on panel, 19.0 x 14.5 cm, signed l.r.

Pieter Alardus Haaxman

painting • for sale

Full of anticipation

Mari ten Kate | Playing horse and carriage in the snow, watercolour on paper, 25.1 x 35.6 cm, signed l.r.

Mari ten Kate

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Playing horse and carriage in the snow

Johannes Hilverdink | An angler in a river landscape, oil on panel, 20.8 x 23.7 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Johannes Hilverdink

painting • for sale

An angler in a river landscape

Adolf Dillens | La traversée du pont d'amour, oil on panel, 78.5 x 60.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1855

Adolf Dillens

painting • for sale

La traversée du pont d'amour

Pieter Cornelis  Dommershuijzen | Fisherfolk in the dunes, oil on panel, 15.0 x 20.2 cm, signed l.l. with initials and dated 1886

Pieter Cornelis Dommershuijzen

painting • for sale

Fisherfolk in the dunes, 1886

Jan Jacob Zuidema Broos | Rural delights, oil on panel, 19.0 x 14.8 cm, signed l.l.

Jan Jacob Zuidema Broos

painting • for sale

Rural delights

Willem Vester | Skaters on the ice at a castle ruin, oil on canvas, 82.1 x 124.8 cm, signed l.l.

Willem Vester

painting • for sale

Skaters on the ice at a castle ruin

Jan Baptist Tetar van Elven | A church interior with figures, oil on panel, 36.8 x 29.7 cm, signed l.l. with initials

Jan Baptist Tetar van Elven

painting • for sale

A church interior with figures

Everardus Mirani | A winter landscape with skaters and figures at a 'koek-en-zopie', oil on panel, 12.9 x 18.1 cm, signed l.l. (residue)

Everardus Mirani

painting • for sale

A winter landscape with skaters and figures at a 'koek-en-zopie'

Everardus Mirani | Panoramic landscape with Haarlem and the Wijkermeer in the distance, oil on panel, 13.0 x 18.0 cm, signed l.r.

Everardus Mirani

painting • for sale

Panoramic landscape with Haarlem and the Wijkermeer in the distance

Pieter Alardus Haaxman | Young woman with a parasol, oil on panel, 23.5 x 43.1 cm, signed l.l.

Pieter Alardus Haaxman

painting • for sale

Young woman with a parasol

Wijnand Nuijen | A man and woman in the cloister of the Dom Church in Utrecht, oil on panel, 49.0 x 44.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1832

Wijnand Nuijen

painting • for sale

A man and woman in the cloister of the Dom Church in Utrecht, 1832

Adrianus Hendrikus de Bruïne | Lumberjacks and country folk on a forest path, oil on canvas, 35.8 x 47.9 cm, signed l.r.

Adrianus Hendrikus de Bruïne

painting • for sale

Lumberjacks and country folk on a forest path

Adrianus Eversen | A Dutch town, oil on panel, 19.5 x 15.5 cm, signed l.l. with monogram and on the reverse in full on a

Adrianus Eversen

painting • for sale

A Dutch town

Willem Koekkoek | View in a Dutch town, oil on canvas, 54.6 x 69.9 cm, signed l.r.

Willem Koekkoek

painting • for sale

View in a Dutch town

Conradijn Cunaeus | Dutch Partridge dog on partridge hunt, oil on panel, 25.7 x 33.3 cm, signed l.l. and dated '65

Conradijn Cunaeus

painting • for sale

Dutch Partridge dog on partridge hunt, 1865

Hendrik Gerrit ten Cate | Skaters in a snowy winterlandscape, oil on panel, 25.8 x 31.9 cm, signed l.r.

Hendrik Gerrit ten Cate

painting • for sale

Skaters in a snowy winterlandscape

Petrus Paulus Schiedges | Returned fishing boat at sunset, oil on panel, 18.7 x 27.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated '65

Petrus Paulus Schiedges

painting • for sale

Returned fishing boat at sunset, 1865

Jean-Baptiste Leopold van Leemputten | Farmyard with rooster and chickens, oil on panel, 28.1 x 33.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1863

Jean-Baptiste Leopold van Leemputten

painting • for sale

Farmyard with rooster and chickens, 1863

Albert Jurardus van Prooijen | Landscape with wading cattle, oil on panel, 8.7 x 15.0 cm, signed l.r.

Albert Jurardus van Prooijen

painting • for sale

Landscape with wading cattle