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Romanticism paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The first half of the 19th century was the heyday of Romanticism. Painting from this period was initially strongly inspired by that of the Golden Age. On the one hand, this was the result of the appreciation at home and abroad for Dutch 17th-century masters. In addition, there was a growing nationalism in our country, fed by the French Napoleonic rule (1795-1813) and reinforced by the secession from Belgium in 1830. In search of their own identity, people looked back with pride on the Golden Age, a period of great prosperity: Holland ruled the oceans, artists such as Rembrandt and Frans Hals painted their most famous canvases and the oversized Town Hall (later Palace) was built on Dam Square, as a symbol of the power and prosperity of the Republic. The Romantic painters were inspired by subjects that were popular in the 17th century, such as interior, landscape, cityscape, seascape and genre painting. The romantic attitude to life was a reaction to the rationalist thinking of the 18th century Enlightenment.

In search of the ideal landscape
The romantic feeling and thinking focused on nature. The landscape painter was struck by its greatness, by its serene beauty, but also by its whimsical and sometimes devastating power. Raging storms, threatening thunderstorms, harsh frost and sometimes shipwrecks triggered strong emotions in the artist. But the quiet, untouched nature could also touch him deeply: mysterious moon nights, almost empty ice plains in the late afternoon sun and idyllic mountain landscapes at a "golden" sunset. Landscape painting focused on the insignificance of man in relation to the overwhelming nature. Large-scale panoramic views, such as those of Andreas Schelfhout, and forest views with impressive voodoo oaks by B.C. Koekkoek and his students are evidence of this. The romantic landscape painting is not an exact representation of nature as it presented itself to the painter. It appears to be painted deceptively true to nature, but is in fact a composite of the most beautiful parts of reality. To this end, nature had to be studied and sketched. Painters made studies on their journeys, often spontaneous impressions, which they used in the studio to create idealized images. Beauty and decency were considered important, a painting had to be pleasant to look at and surpass reality in beauty.

Painters in other genres also worked according to this ideal. As far as one can now ascertain, cityscapes were sometimes topographically correct, but usually the painters tinkered with a composition until a beautiful whole was obtained. The historicizing Dutch cityscape was very popular in the 19th century, both at home and abroad. One of the most important interpreters of the cityscape was the Amsterdam Cornelis Springer. From about 1875 he painted meticulous city portraits with a town hall or rich merchant houses in the Dutch Renaissance style at the center of the image, often furnished with figures in 17th-century clothing. In doing so, he embellished reality somewhat through changes in the composition and the omission of disturbing, contemporary elements. By depicting the 16th and early 17th century buildings, he responded to the growing interest of buyers in their own past. Springer was also loved for his realistic details and lively upholstery, borrowed from everyday life.

This was also found in the beach scene, for example. In English and French Romanticism, painters sometimes turned the beach into a scene of drama and agony, where shipwrecks took place in a flying storm, in Dutch Romanticism the quieter beach scenes predominated, with ships safe on dry land and the everyday activity of fishermen. Interior scenes reflected the bourgeois conservatism of this time. The 17th century also served as an example here: peeks into Old Dutch bourgeois houses, with figures in ditto clothing, strict wooden furniture, black and white tiled floors and stained glass windows. But also church interiors à la Pieter Jansz. Saenredam and Emanuel de Witte were painted. In addition to historicizing 17th-century scenes, later living styles can be found in Romanticism in paintings of rococo, neoclassical or Biedermeier interiors.

The romantic penchant for the past and glorification of nature manifested itself as a political, social and cultural phenomenon. The above shows that painting from the first half of the 19th century was also profoundly influenced by this. Not only did artists paint history pieces, with the glorious national past as their subject, but an idealized, typical (Old) Dutch atmosphere image was also created in other ways.


Johannes Josephus Destrée | Skating on the Spaarne with the windmill De Adriaan and the St. Bavokerk, Haarlem, watercolour on paper, 36.5 x 56.6 cm, signed l.r.

Johannes Josephus Destrée

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Skating on the Spaarne with the windmill De Adriaan and the St. Bavokerk, Haarlem

Jan Baptist Tetar van Elven | Interior of the Laurenschurch in Rotterdam, oil on panel, 42.8 x 33.3 cm, signed l.l. with initials

Jan Baptist Tetar van Elven

painting • for sale

Interior of the Laurenschurch in Rotterdam

Frederik Marinus Kruseman | Summer Landscape with resting land folk and cattle at a river, oil on panel, 48.1 x 64.4 cm, signed l.l.

Frederik Marinus Kruseman

painting • for sale

Summer Landscape with resting land folk and cattle at a river

Margaretha Roosenboom | Roses on the forest floor, oil on panel, 9.0 x 12.9 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Margaretha Roosenboom

painting • for sale

Roses on the forest floor

Pieter Kluyver | Vast river landscape with a village in the distance, oil on panel, 13.6 x 18.4 cm, signed l.r.

Pieter Kluyver

painting • for sale

Vast river landscape with a village in the distance

Charles Leickert | Market day in a Dutch town with left the Bank of Loan, oil on canvas, 59.5 x 49.6 cm, signed l.l.

Charles Leickert

painting • for sale

Market day in a Dutch town with left the Bank of Loan

Anthony Oberman | A still life of flowers, a pomegranate and seashells on a marble ledge, oil on canvas, 47.0 x 39.5 cm, signed l.r.

Anthony Oberman

painting • for sale

A still life of flowers, a pomegranate and seashells on a marble ledge

Petrus Paulus Schiedges | The beach of Scheveningen with bathing carriages, fishermen and fishing boats, oil on panel, 23.5 x 34.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated '62

Petrus Paulus Schiedges

painting • for sale

The beach of Scheveningen with bathing carriages, fishermen and fishing boats, 1862

Wouterus Verschuur | Equestrians and drinking horses near 'Huis te Boxtel', oil on canvas, 70.5 x 63.7 cm, signed l.l

Wouterus Verschuur

painting • for sale

Equestrians and drinking horses near 'Huis te Boxtel'

Vincent de Vos | Arrived at the destination, oil on canvas, 15.6 x 17.1 cm, signed l.r.

Vincent de Vos

painting • for sale

Arrived at the destination

Andreas Schelfhout | Skater with a copper milk can on a sledge, watercolour on paper, 23.0 x 21.0 cm, signed l.l.

Andreas Schelfhout

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Skater with a copper milk can on a sledge

Alexander Hugo Bakker Korff | -, pencil, pen and ink on paper, 11.0 x 8.8 cm, signed c.l.. with monogram

Alexander Hugo Bakker Korff

watercolour • drawing • for sale

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Carel Jozeph Grips | Playtime, oil on panel, 44.7 x 34.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated '73

Carel Jozeph Grips

painting • for sale

Playtime, 1873

Pieter Plas | Cattle and an angler in a landscape,  Alkmaar in the distance, oil on canvas, 44.4 x 55.2 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1842

Pieter Plas

painting • for sale

Cattle and an angler in a landscape, Alkmaar in the distance, 1842

Charles Leickert | Winter landscape with upcoming snowstorm, oil on panel, 23.0 x 34.9 cm, signed l.r.

Charles Leickert

painting • for sale

Winter landscape with upcoming snowstorm

David Bles | The Spitz Dog, oil on panel, 37.0 x 43.9 cm, signed l.l. and dated '55

David Bles

painting • for sale

The Spitz Dog, 1855

Arnoldus Antonius Christianus van 't Zant | View of a fortified town, oil on panel, 16.7 x 24.8 cm, signed l.r.

Arnoldus Antonius Christianus van 't Zant

painting • for sale

View of a fortified town

Louis Meijer | Rowing boat and a steamship at sea, oil on panel, 14.9 x 19.0 cm, signed l.r.

Louis Meijer

painting • for sale

Rowing boat and a steamship at sea

Andries Scheerboom | Vegetable market at the Waag in Amsterdam, oil on canvas, 76.3 x 127.4 cm, signed l.r.

Andries Scheerboom

painting • for sale

Vegetable market at the Waag in Amsterdam

Fredericus Theodorus Renard | Rural activities in a village, oil on panel, 52.1 x 63.4 cm, signed l.r.

Fredericus Theodorus Renard

painting • for sale

Rural activities in a village

Charles Leickert | Dutch winter landscape with a sledge and figures on the ice, oil on panel, 24.4 x 32.5 cm, signed l.r.

Charles Leickert

painting • for sale

Dutch winter landscape with a sledge and figures on the ice

Jacob Jan Coenraad Spohler | River landscape with sailing ship, figures and windmill, oil on panel, 16.0 x 11.9 cm

Jacob Jan Coenraad Spohler

painting • for sale

River landscape with sailing ship, figures and windmill

Jan Gerard Smits | Children on a frozen river, watercolour and gouache on paper, 26.5 x 35.5 cm

Jan Gerard Smits

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Children on a frozen river

François Auguste Ortmans | Valley landscape with hunter and farmer, oil on panel, 23.4 x 29.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated '46

François Auguste Ortmans

painting • for sale

Valley landscape with hunter and farmer, 1846

Willem Koekkoek | Canal in Haarlem, oil on panel, 41.7 x 56.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated  on the reverse 1877

Willem Koekkoek

painting • for sale

Canal in Haarlem, 1877

Adrianus Eversen | Sunny village view, oil on panel, 27.0 x 20.0 cm, signed l.r. with monogram

Adrianus Eversen

painting • for sale

Sunny village view

Petrus Gerardus Vertin | A town view with the Dom tower of Utrecht, oil on canvas, 34.1 x 28.6 cm, signed l.l.

Petrus Gerardus Vertin

painting • for sale

A town view with the Dom tower of Utrecht

Anthony Andreas de Meijier | A river landscape with anglers, at sunset, oil on panel, 22.6 x 30.0 cm, signed l.r.

Anthony Andreas de Meijier

painting • for sale

A river landscape with anglers, at sunset