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Jacob Marisartist • painter • watercolourist • draughtsmanDen Haag 1837-1899 Karlsbad (v/h Oostenrijk-Hongarije, nu Tsjechië)

biography of Jacobus Hendricus 'Jacob' Maris

Portrait of artist, painter, watercolourist and draughtsman Jacobus Hendricus 'Jacob' Maris

Portrait of Jacobus Hendricus 'Jacob' Maris

Jacob Maris was born in 1837 as the oldest of the three Maris brothers. He must have been a calm and jovial person, a true connector, it is said. Only after twenty years of learning and experimenting did Jacob find the theme that would occupy him for the rest of his life and in which he would give the most spontaneous and daring interpretation of reality: the landscape.

Initially it seemed that he would become a figure painter. At the age of twelve he was apprenticed to the Hague genre painter J.A.B. Stroebel and soon took classes at the Hague academy. Huib van Hove then became his teacher. After lessons at the academy of Antwerp in 1859 and 1860 he was with his brother Matthijs in Oosterbeek, where they made nature studies. They also visited Barbizon. That the new approach to landscape painting attracted him is evident from the fact that he stayed in Oosterbeek again in 1864 and also visited Fontainebleau during a trip. In the spring of 1865, Jacob left for Paris, where he must have focused primarily on painting Italian folk types or 'Italiennes', which were loved and sold to England and the United States by the Paris art dealership Goupil. Connoisseurs then praised all his landscapes and village views on the water, and it is in Paris that he definitely opts for a career as a landscape painter.

In 1871 Jacob, forced by the Franco-German war, returned to The Hague with his wife and daughter and settled on Noord-West-Binnensingel. He again became a member of Pulchri Studio - where he was, among other things, a commissioner for the 'Cozy Meetings' - and co-founded the Hollandsche Teekenmaatschappij to promote the watercolor. From now on he developed into a powerful landscape painter. He painted rivers and canals, cityscapes on the water, windmills, beach scenes with bomb barges in a broad, self-assured touch that was admired by contemporaries. His brush stroke became more daring, his paint application more pasty and his palette consisted of subtly coordinated tones.

Maris developed a wonderful way of painting. It was written about his method that he applied the paint thickly and then masoned, rumbled and changed in the not yet dry layers of paint until a harmony of colors emerged. Then he finished the show with a thin brush stroke. It results in landscapes and cityscapes that are heavy in mood and atmosphere and the cityscapes are therefore rarely exact portraits but rather a combination of elements from different cities. There is plenty of room for high skies; Jacob was a master in painting impressive cloud scenes.

From the 1980s he made his breakthrough in the Netherlands and was now one of the most important and earning contemporary artists in the Netherlands. In 1899, at the height of his fame, he died. Through the Haagse Kunsthandel Goupil, much of his work was then sold abroad, where it is still part of museum collections in England, France, Canada and the United States.

previously for salepaintings, watercolours and drawings by Jacob Maris


Jacob Maris | Landschap in de omgeving van Den Haag, oil on canvas, 99.2 x 80.2 cm, gesigneerd l.o. and te dateren ca. 1891

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Landschap in de omgeving van Den Haag

Jacob Maris | 'Annie', oil on canvas laid down on panel, 14.1 x 11.7 cm

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

'Annie'

Jacob Maris | 'Bomschuit' in the surf, oil on canvas, 23.8 x 31.4 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

'Bomschuit' in the surf

Jacob Maris | 'Bomschuit' on the beach, oil on canvas, 44.0 x 29.8 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

'Bomschuit' on the beach

Jacob Maris | 'Bomschuit' on the beach, oil on canvas, 44.0 x 29.8 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

'Bomschuit' on the beach

Jacob Maris | 'Bomschuit' on the beach of Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 50.0 x 79.2 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

'Bomschuit' on the beach of Scheveningen

Jacob Maris | 'Bomschuit' on the beach, Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 104.2 x 77.5 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

'Bomschuit' on the beach, Scheveningen

Jacob Maris | 'Bomschuiten' on the beach, watercolour on paper, 39.0 x 22.0 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

'Bomschuiten' on the beach

Jacob Maris | 'Bomschuiten' on the beach, oil on panel, 23.0 x 31.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated '72

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

'Bomschuiten' on the beach

Jacob Maris | -, oil on canvas, 46.8 x 55.5 cm, signed l.r. and 1890-1895

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

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Jacob Maris | A Dutch harbour town (Dordrecht), oil on canvas, 41.5 x 49.0 cm, signed l.r. and to be dated ca. 1890

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A Dutch harbour town (Dordrecht)

Jacob Maris | A baby, oil on panel, 25.0 x 17.7 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A baby

Jacob Maris | A child's portrait, oil on canvas, 35.2 x 28.4 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A child's portrait

Jacob Maris | A fishing harbour, oil on canvas, 44.9 x 30.6 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A fishing harbour

Jacob Maris | A girl playing the piano, oil on panel, 20.0 x 15.2 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A girl playing the piano

Jacob Maris | A harbour scene with moored boats, oil on canvas, 52.4 x 67.0 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A harbour scene with moored boats

Jacob Maris | A menu with a watercolour of a barge on the beach, watercolour on paper, 11.5 x 8.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 4 mei 1895 reverse

Jacob Maris

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A menu with a watercolour of a barge on the beach

Jacob Maris | A polder landscape with a rider on a path, oil on panel, 26.7 x 22.5 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A polder landscape with a rider on a path

Jacob Maris | A still life with pottery, oil on panel, 13.0 x 20.6 cm, signed c.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A still life with pottery

Jacob Maris | A summer's day at the beach of Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 82.5 x 125.0 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1890-1895

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A summer's day at the beach of Scheveningen

Jacob Maris | A view of Amsterdam, with the Koepelkerk, oil on canvas, 22.3 x 37.8 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A view of Amsterdam, with the Koepelkerk

Jacob Maris | A view of Schiedam, oil on panel, 24.3 x 28.1 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A view of Schiedam

Jacob Maris | A view of a beach with a shrimper, oil on canvas, 49.4 x 78.1 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A view of a beach with a shrimper

Jacob Maris | A view of a canal, watercolour on paper, 29.8 x 38.6 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A view of a canal

Jacob Maris | A view of a town with a domed church, watercolour on paper, 34.5 x 53.5 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A view of a town with a domed church

Jacob Maris | A windmill in a winter landscape, oil on canvas, 111.0 x 93.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted 1890

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A windmill in a winter landscape

Jacob Maris | A windmill in the snow, oil on canvas, 47.4 x 35.2 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A windmill in the snow

Jacob Maris | A winter evening in Schiedam, oil on panel, 35.9 x 23.6 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A winter evening in Schiedam

Jacob Maris | A winter landscape, oil on canvas, 29.9 x 22.5 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

A winter landscape

Jacob Maris | Along the canal, oil on canvas, 45.4 x 63.2 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Along the canal

Jacob Maris | Barges on the beach, watercolour on paper, 36.0 x 25.0 cm, signed l.l. and on the reverse

Jacob Maris

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Barges on the beach

Jacob Maris | Children playing on the beach of Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 22.0 x 35.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1871

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Children playing on the beach of Scheveningen

Jacob Maris | Children playing on the beach, Scheveningen, oil on canvas, 22.0 x 35.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1871

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Children playing on the beach, Scheveningen

Jacob Maris | Evening twilight, 20.7 x 24.9 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Evening twilight

Jacob Maris | Evening twilight, 20.7 x 24.9 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Evening twilight

Jacob Maris | Farmer in a summer landscape, a steam-train in the distance, oil sketch on canvas laid down on panel, 22.7 x 25.7 cm

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Farmer in a summer landscape, a steam-train in the distance

Jacob Maris | Farmstead in a landscape, oil on canvas, 68.8 x 85.0 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Farmstead in a landscape

Jacob Maris | Fishing boats on the beach, oil on canvas, 32.9 x 46.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1874

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Fishing boats on the beach

Jacob Maris | Have a nibble, watercolour on paper, 28.0 x 14.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated '68

Jacob Maris

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Have a nibble

Jacob Maris | Italienne, oil on panel, 14.4 x 12.2 cm

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Italienne

Jacob Maris | Italienne, oil on panel, 23.4 x 15.7 cm, painted in 1867-1868

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Italienne

Jacob Maris | Italienne with flowers and butterflies, oil on panel, 33.0 x 20.9 cm, signed l.l. and painted circa 1866-1868

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Italienne with flowers and butterflies

Jacob Maris | Landscape near The Hague, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 21.1 x 23.8 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1878

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Landscape near The Hague

Jacob Maris | Riding horseback, oil on panel, 28.0 x 35.1 cm, signed l.r. and painted in 1894

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Riding horseback

Jacob Maris | Shepherdess with her flock, oil on canvas, 23.8 x 37.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated '72

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Shepherdess with her flock

Jacob Maris | Shipping in the harbour of Amsterdam, oil on canvas, 31.2 x 44.6 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Shipping in the harbour of Amsterdam

Jacob Maris | Shipping on the river Merwede, Dordrecht, oil on canvas, 58.7 x 89.0 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Shipping on the river Merwede, Dordrecht

Jacob Maris | The daughter of the painter, watercolour on paper, 43.0 x 30.0 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

The daughter of the painter

Jacob Maris | The four windmills, oil on canvas, 45.0 x 112.6 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

The four windmills

Jacob Maris | Two figures in a grey landscape, chalk and watercolour on paper, 39.3 x 57.2 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

Two figures in a grey landscape

Jacob Maris | View of a Dutch harbour, watercolour on paper, 28.5 x 38.6 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

View of a Dutch harbour

Jacob Maris | Walking along the beach, oil on canvas, 21.2 x 33.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1871

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Walking along the beach

Jacob Maris | Washerwomen at work, oil on canvas, 99.2 x 80.4 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Washerwomen at work

Jacob Maris | Windmills along a canal near Leiden, oil on canvas, 32.3 x 49.5 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Windmills along a canal near Leiden

Jacob Maris | Wolk effekt, oil on canvas, 38.2 x 60.1 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1877

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

Wolk effekt

Jacob Maris | in the garden, oil on panel, 32.5 x 23.7 cm, signed l.r.

Jacob Maris

painting • previously for sale

in the garden


for salepaintings, watercolours and drawings by Jacob Maris


Jacob Maris | A Dutch harbour town (Dordrecht), oil on canvas, 41.5 x 49.0 cm, signed l.r. and to be dated ca. 1890

Jacob Maris

painting • for sale

A Dutch harbour town (Dordrecht), 1890

Jacob Maris | A capriccio view of Amsterdam, watercolour on paper, 64.0 x 91.0 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1885

Jacob Maris

watercolour • drawing • for sale

A capriccio view of Amsterdam, 1885

Jacob Maris | A portrait of the painter's mother, oil on panel, 21.4 x 17.1 cm

Jacob Maris

painting • for sale

A portrait of the painter's mother

Jacob Maris | A view of the inner harbour of  Utrecht and the Dom tower, watercolour on paper, 42.0 x 57.4 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

watercolour • drawing • for sale

A view of the inner harbour of Utrecht and the Dom tower

Jacob Maris | Romance, oil on paper laid down on panel, 30.3 x 23.1 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1854-1855

Jacob Maris

painting • for sale

Romance, 1854-1855

Jacob Maris | Shell fishermen in the breakers, oil on panel, 26.3 x 37.5 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

painting • for sale

Shell fishermen in the breakers

Jacob Maris | The four windmills, Schiedam, oil on canvas, 45.0 x 112.6 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

painting • for sale

The four windmills, Schiedam

Jacob Maris | Wheeling sand, oil on canvas, 40.0 x 59.8 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1889

Jacob Maris

painting • for sale

Wheeling sand, 1889

Jacob Maris | Windmills along a canal, oil on canvas, 38.3 x 64.9 cm, signed l.l.

Jacob Maris

painting • for sale

Windmills along a canal


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