Otto Dix is best known for his ruthless depiction of the Weimar Republic, the German period from 1918 to 1933 when the country was first a democracy. Together with George Grosz and Max Beckman, he is seen as the most important representative of the New Objectivity. Otto Dix painted the 'ugliness', something that the decent citizens preferred not to see. His work was soon labeled as 'entarted', which led to Joseph Goebbels confiscating it in 1937 and having a large part burned. In this expressive self-portrait, we no longer see the combative Dix going up the barricade. It exudes a kind of resignation – without the visual language having lost its power.