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Bergen School paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

The word 'expressionism' is used for innovative, anti-impressionist tendencies in the visual arts in Western Europe, starting around 1905. In Germany, France, Belgium and Austria, groups of like-minded artists arose who wanted to express reality instead of painting. indicate their own feelings towards their subject. For their visual language they used the expressive power of color and a free interpretation of forms. The earliest manifestation of expressionism takes place in Germany with the groups Die Brücke (Dresden, 1905-1913) and Der Blaue Reiter (Munich, 1911-1914), and in France with the Fauvists. Especially in Germany, the bond with reality sometimes fades to such an extent that it virtually disappears. Expressionism expresses itself in different ways in our country. As a real group we can only mention the Groninger Ploeg, in which the same spiritual unity prevailed as in the above-mentioned German avant-garde groups. Bright, exuberant colors and a bold transformation of nature are the characteristic style elements of painters such as Johan Dijkstra, Jan Wiegers and Jan Altink in the heyday of De Ploeg from 1920 onwards.

The Bergen School (1915-1925) is usually also classified as expressionism, although this was more about a collection of individual artists who were active in Amsterdam and Bergen in turn and who had unanimous ideas. The founders of this movement were the French painter Henri Le Fauconnier and the Dutchman Piet van Wijngaerdt. The landscapes, still lifes and also the human figures of the artists of the Bergen School are usually characterized by simple shapes and surfaces, a solid brushstroke and a colorite with many deep, dark colors such as browns, greens and ocher. The core of the School - in addition to the two founders - includes the painters Dirk Filarski, Arnout Colnot, Else Berg, Mommie Schwarz, Wim Schuhmacher and the brothers Matthieu and Piet Wiegman. There are more painters who have worked to a greater or lesser extent in the same dark-toned, somewhat cubist expressionism, such as Charley Toorop and Gerrit van Blaaderen, and even Harrie Kuyten's characteristic expressionism is sometimes recognizable in his work.

In 1918 the collector Piet Boendermaker also settled in rustic Bergen. When he moved, he already owned more than 300 paintings; Boendermaker bought big. His interest was piqued by Dr. J.F. Esser (1877-1946)), his parents-in-law's GP and collector of modern art, who introduced him to Leo Gestel. In the period 1908-1915 Boendermaker provided painters such as Leo Gestel, Jan Sluijters, Kees Maks, Dirk Filarski, Arnout Colnot and Matthieu Wiegman a more or less constant income by purchasing a lot of their work.

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Arnout Colnot | Drawbridge, oil on canvas, 61.3 x 76.9 cm, signed l.r.

Arnout Colnot

painting • for sale

Drawbridge

Leo Gestel | Seated naked, pastel on paper, 64.0 x 45.5 cm

Leo Gestel

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Seated naked

Dirk Filarski | A farmhouse in summer, oil on canvas laid down on board, 25.4 x 34.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1908-1909

Dirk Filarski

painting • for sale

A farmhouse in summer, ca. 1908-1909

Harrie Kuijten | Seated nude, oil on canvas, 53.0 x 40.7 cm, signed l.r.

Harrie Kuijten

painting • for sale

Seated nude

Harrie Kuijten | A woman in a red blouse, oil on panel, 57.1 x 49.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1910

Harrie Kuijten

painting • for sale

A woman in a red blouse, 1910

Dirk Filarski | Moulin Rouge, oil on canvas, 81.5 x 65.5 cm, signed l.l. and dated '30

Dirk Filarski

painting • for sale

Moulin Rouge, 1930

Thé Lau | Still life, oil on canvas, 26.2 x 22.7 cm, painted ca. 1915

Thé Lau

painting • for sale

Still life, ca. 1915

Arnout Colnot | The Rokin in Amsterdam seen from Arti, winter 1940-1941, oil on canvas, 55.4 x 65.3 cm, signed l.r.

Arnout Colnot

painting • for sale

The Rokin in Amsterdam seen from Arti, winter 1940-1941

Arnout Colnot | Still life, oil on canvas, 82.3 x 73.2 cm, signed l.r. and on the stretcher

Arnout Colnot

painting • for sale

Still life

Jaap Min | Still life with fruit and flowers, oil on canvas, 75.0 x 100.0 cm, signed l.r.

Jaap Min

painting • for sale

Still life with fruit and flowers

Matthieu Wiegman | A still life with tulips and a lemon, oil on canvas, 61.4 x 50.1 cm, signed l.c.

Matthieu Wiegman

painting • for sale

A still life with tulips and a lemon

Harrie Kuijten | Honeysuckle in a vase, oil on canvas, 66.4 x 55.5 cm, signed l.r.

Harrie Kuijten

painting • for sale

Honeysuckle in a vase

Harrie Kuijten | Tulips, oil on canvas, 50.1 x 36.3 cm, signed l.r.

Harrie Kuijten

painting • for sale

Tulips

Thé Lau | Landscape, oil on painter's board, 24.7 x 27.8 cm

Thé Lau

painting • for sale

Landscape

Matthieu Wiegman | Pierrot, oil on canvas, 91.8 x 61.3 cm, signed l.r.

Matthieu Wiegman

painting • for sale

Pierrot

Harrie Kuijten | Sailing boats on a lake, oil on canvas, 50.5 x 60.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '47

Harrie Kuijten

painting • for sale

Sailing boats on a lake, 1947

Arnout Colnot | A still life with fruit and tulips on a table, oil on canvas, 92.2 x 70.4 cm, signed l.l.

Arnout Colnot

painting • for sale

A still life with fruit and tulips on a table

Dirk Filarski | Farms, oil on canvas, 80.0 x 100.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1942

Dirk Filarski

painting • for sale

Farms, 1942

Matthieu Wiegman | A woman with a bouquet of roses, oil on canvas, 65.2 x 54.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated 'Paris '20'

Matthieu Wiegman

painting • for sale

A woman with a bouquet of roses, 1920

Henri Le Fauconnier | Sword lilies, black chalk and watercolour on paper, 99.1 x 68.4 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Henri Le Fauconnier

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Sword lilies

Matthieu Wiegman | A village view, charcoal and watercolour on paper, 68.2 x 90.0 cm, signed l.l.

Matthieu Wiegman

watercolour • drawing • for sale

A village view

Piet van Wijngaerdt | A polder landscape, oil on board, 37.0 x 50.4 cm, signed l.l. and painted before 1907

Piet van Wijngaerdt

painting • previously for sale

A polder landscape, 1907

Harrie Kuijten | The artist's wife (Leni) in a rowing boat on a sunny day, oil on board laid down on panel, 37.9 x 45.8 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1928

Harrie Kuijten

painting • previously for sale

The artist's wife (Leni) in a rowing boat on a sunny day, ca. 1928

Harrie Kuijten | Blossoming branches, oil on canvas, 60.3 x 50.2 cm, signed l.r.

Harrie Kuijten

painting • previously for sale

Blossoming branches

Henri Le Fauconnier | Still life, oil on canvas, 35.0 x 22.5 cm, signed l.l. with monogram and in full on the reverse

Henri Le Fauconnier

painting • previously for sale

Still life

Matthieu Wiegman | Garden, oil on canvas, 22.0 x 27.0 cm, signed l.r.

Matthieu Wiegman

painting • previously for sale

Garden

Leo Gestel | Flowers in a tin jug, oil on canvas, 70.5 x 63.0 cm, signed l.l. and painted in 1915-1917

Leo Gestel

painting • previously for sale

Flowers in a tin jug

Matthieu Wiegman | A still life, watercolour on paper, 50.8 x 37.9 cm, signed l.r.

Matthieu Wiegman

watercolour • drawing • previously for sale

A still life


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