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Expressionism art movement • artists • artworks for sale

No more reporter of reality
The word 'expressionism' is used for innovative, anti-impressionist tendencies in the visual arts in Western Europe, starting around 1905. In Germany, France, Belgium and Austria, groups of like-minded artists arose who wanted to express reality instead of painting. indicate their own feelings towards their topic. For their visual language they made use of the expressive power of color and the free interpretation of forms. The earliest manifestation of expressionism takes place in Germany with the groups Die Brücke (Dresden, 1905-1913) and Der Blaue Reiter (Munich, 1911-1914), and in France with the Fauvists. Especially in Germany, the bond with reality sometimes fades to such an extent that it virtually disappears.

Expressionism in the Netherlands: De Ploeg and the Bergense School
Expressionism expresses itself in different ways in our country. As a real group we can only mention the Groninger Ploeg, in which the same spiritual unity prevailed as in the aforementioned German avant-garde groups. Bright, exuberant colors and a bold transformation of nature are the characteristic style elements of painters such as Johan Dijkstra, Jan Wiegers and Jan Altink in the heyday of De Ploeg from 1920 onwards.
The Bergen School (1915-1925) is usually also classified as expressionism, although this was more about a collection of individual artists who were active in Amsterdam and Bergen in turn and who had unanimous ideas. Their landscapes and still lifes are usually characterized by simple shapes and surfaces, a solid brushstroke and a color with a lot of browns, greens and ochres. For painters such as Arnout Colnot, Dirk Filarski, Harrie Kuijten, Piet van Wijngaerdt, Matthieu and Piet Wiegman and for a short time Leo Gestel, the French cubists, Cézanne and the painter Henri Le Fauconnier, who lived in the Netherlands from 1914 onwards, served as a source of inspiration. Painters such as Gustave de Smet who emigrated to the Netherlands in the First World War also influenced Dutch expressionism.

From now on it is about emotion
In addition, expressionism in the Netherlands from 1914 onwards mainly shows a diverse picture of individual artists who process expressionist impulses into a strictly personal style in which color and form express a strong perception of emotions. Some artists tried to depict a deeper, (spiritual) reality in their work, often making use of ideas from the worlds of theosophy and anthroposophy, such as Jacoba van Heemskerck, Else Berg, Mommie Schwarz and the early Charley Toorop. Others go their own independent course in reasonable isolation, with work with a strong emotional charge that reflects the feelings of the artist. Such as Herman Kruyder, Hendrik Chabot, Hendrik Wiegersma and Herman Gouwe.

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Herman Kruyder | Flowers and trees, oil on canvas, 30.7 x 40.4 cm, painted ca. 1925

Herman Kruyder

painting • for sale

Flowers and trees

Johan Dijkstra | View on Eenrum with the Lutje Meulen, watercolour on paper, 40.3 x 67.2 cm, signed l.l.

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • for sale

View on Eenrum with the Lutje Meulen

Jan Wiegers | Variety show, etching, 26.0 x 21.8 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil) and dated '24 (in pencil)

Jan Wiegers

prints & multiples • for sale

Variety show

Siep van den Berg | The Eendrachtskade and bascule bridge, Groningen, oil on canvas laid down on board, 40.0 x 49.9 cm, signed on the reverse

Siep van den Berg

painting • for sale

The Eendrachtskade and bascule bridge, Groningen

Jannes de Vries | Spanish landscape, oil on canvas, 70.2 x 100.1 cm, signed l.r.

Jannes de Vries

painting • for sale

Spanish landscape

Jan Altink | A farm in Essen, Groningen, oil on canvas, 50.2 x 60.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated '45

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

A farm in Essen, Groningen, 1945

Johan Dijkstra | Country road in Ezinge, Groningen, oil on canvas, 60.0 x 100.0 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Country road in Ezinge, Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | The Westerhaven in Groningen, oil on canvas, 60.1 x 92.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated '60

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

The Westerhaven in Groningen, 1960

Johan Dijkstra | Pigeon loft at the farm Blauwborgje, Gronigen, oil on paper laid down on panel, 42.1 x 64.5 cm, signed on the reverse

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Pigeon loft at the farm Blauwborgje, Gronigen

Jannes de Vries | Landscape at Domodossola, Italy, oil on canvas, 50.3 x 70.4 cm, signed l.r.

Jannes de Vries

painting • for sale

Landscape at Domodossola, Italy

Job Hansen | De tweede gracht, oil on plywood, 60.8 x 50.5 cm, signed on the reverse and dated on the reverse April 1955

Job Hansen

painting • for sale

De tweede gracht, 1955

Jannes de Vries | Landscape near Echten, oil on canvas, 60.5 x 80.5 cm, signed l.r.

Jannes de Vries

painting • for sale

Landscape near Echten

Jannes de Vries | Spring in Altdorf Hagenhausen, Bavaria, oil on canvas, 80.5 x 90.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated '74

Jannes de Vries

painting • for sale

Spring in Altdorf Hagenhausen, Bavaria, 1974

Petrus Jacobus Maria Wiegman | Bulb fields, oil on board, 29.4 x 39.3 cm, signed l.l.

Petrus Jacobus Maria Wiegman

painting • for sale

Bulb fields

Johan Dijkstra | Country road in Groningen, wax paint on canvas, 54.0 x 72.7 cm, painted ca. 1928

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Country road in Groningen, ca. 1928

Henryk Gotlib | Fruit in two bowls, oil on canvas, 76.3 x 63.7 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1962

Henryk Gotlib

painting • for sale

Fruit in two bowls

Jan Wiegers | Woman in a striped blouse, oil on canvas, 65.1 x 46.1 cm, signed l.r. and dated '40

Jan Wiegers

painting • for sale

Woman in a striped blouse, 1940

George Wildschut | The Fransepad in Blaricum, oil on canvas, 63.8 x 90.4 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1950

George Wildschut

painting • for sale

The Fransepad in Blaricum, ca. 1920

Herbert Fiedler | A man and a woman in a bar, gouache on paper laid down on board, 64.8 x 39.7 cm, signed l.r.

Herbert Fiedler

watercolour • drawing • for sale

A man and a woman in a bar

Arnout Colnot | Drawbridge, oil on canvas, 61.3 x 76.9 cm, signed l.r.

Arnout Colnot

painting • for sale

Drawbridge

Arnold Balwé | The harvest, oil on canvas, 76.0 x 110.0 cm, signed l.r.

Arnold Balwé

painting • for sale

The harvest

Maurice de Vlaminck | Rue de Village, oil on canvas, 65.5 x 81.0 cm, signed l.r.

Maurice de Vlaminck

painting • for sale

Rue de Village

Albert Saverys | Summer view of the Leie, oil on canvas, 157.0 x 290.0 cm, signed l.c. and painted late 1950's

Albert Saverys

painting • for sale

Summer view of the Leie, ca. 1950

Leo Gestel | Seated naked, pastel on paper, 64.0 x 45.5 cm

Leo Gestel

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Seated naked

Piet van Wijngaerdt | Chrysanthemum, oil on canvas, 80.0 x 68.2 cm, signed u.r.

Piet van Wijngaerdt

painting • for sale

Chrysanthemum

Dick Ket | Self-portrait, turned to the right, oil on canvas laid down on board, 36.5 x 26.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated '24

Dick Ket

painting • for sale

Self-portrait, turned to the right, 1924

Dick Ket | Self-portrait, turned to the left, oil on board, 33.5 x 24.0 cm, painted ca. 1924

Dick Ket

painting • for sale

Self-portrait, turned to the left, 1924

Jan Altink | The farm 'Blauwborgje' in Groningen, oil on canvas, 55.0 x 60.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated '28

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

The farm 'Blauwborgje' in Groningen, 1928


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