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Expressionism art movement • artists • artworks for sale

No more reporter of reality
The word 'expressionism' is used for innovative, anti-impressionist tendencies in the visual arts in Western Europe, starting around 1905. In Germany, France, Belgium and Austria, groups of like-minded artists arose who wanted to express reality instead of painting. indicate their own feelings towards their topic. For their visual language they made use of the expressive power of color and the free interpretation of forms. The earliest manifestation of expressionism takes place in Germany with the groups Die Brücke (Dresden, 1905-1913) and Der Blaue Reiter (Munich, 1911-1914), and in France with the Fauvists. Especially in Germany, the bond with reality sometimes fades to such an extent that it virtually disappears.

Expressionism in the Netherlands: De Ploeg and the Bergense School
Expressionism expresses itself in different ways in our country. As a real group we can only mention the Groninger Ploeg, in which the same spiritual unity prevailed as in the aforementioned German avant-garde groups. Bright, exuberant colors and a bold transformation of nature are the characteristic style elements of painters such as Johan Dijkstra, Jan Wiegers and Jan Altink in the heyday of De Ploeg from 1920 onwards.
The Bergen School (1915-1925) is usually also classified as expressionism, although this was more about a collection of individual artists who were active in Amsterdam and Bergen in turn and who had unanimous ideas. Their landscapes and still lifes are usually characterized by simple shapes and surfaces, a solid brushstroke and a color with a lot of browns, greens and ochres. For painters such as Arnout Colnot, Dirk Filarski, Harrie Kuijten, Piet van Wijngaerdt, Matthieu and Piet Wiegman and for a short time Leo Gestel, the French cubists, Cézanne and the painter Henri Le Fauconnier, who lived in the Netherlands from 1914 onwards, served as a source of inspiration. Painters such as Gustave de Smet who emigrated to the Netherlands in the First World War also influenced Dutch expressionism.

From now on it is about emotion
In addition, expressionism in the Netherlands from 1914 onwards mainly shows a diverse picture of individual artists who process expressionist impulses into a strictly personal style in which color and form express a strong perception of emotions. Some artists tried to depict a deeper, (spiritual) reality in their work, often making use of ideas from the worlds of theosophy and anthroposophy, such as Jacoba van Heemskerck, Else Berg, Mommie Schwarz and the early Charley Toorop. Others go their own independent course in reasonable isolation, with work with a strong emotional charge that reflects the feelings of the artist. Such as Herman Kruyder, Hendrik Chabot, Hendrik Wiegersma and Herman Gouwe.

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Otto van Rees | North African woman, oil on canvas, 65.7 x 54.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '35

Otto van Rees

painting • for sale

North African woman, 1935

Dirk Filarski | South European landscape, oil on canvas, 45.6 x 54.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated '49

Dirk Filarski

painting • for sale

South European landscape, 1949

Dirk Filarski | Chernex, Switzerland, 58.7 x 42.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated 'Chernex' '12

Dirk Filarski

painting • for sale

Chernex, Switzerland, 1912

Jan Altink | Landscape in the Haute Savoie, oil on canvas, 50.3 x 60.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated '55

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Landscape in the Haute Savoie

Jan van der Baan | Seated nude, oil on board, 70.1 x 50.1 cm, signed l.l.

Jan van der Baan

painting • for sale

Seated nude

Leo Gestel | Seated woman with a horse, pastel on paper, 63.0 x 48.0 cm, signed l.l. (indistinctly) and dated 1932 (indistinctly)

Leo Gestel

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Seated woman with a horse, 1932

Frederick Bedrich Serger | Mediterranean village, oil on canvas, 71.4 x 56.0 cm, signed l.r.

Frederick Bedrich Serger

painting • for sale

Mediterranean village

Frederick Bedrich Serger | Terrace near the sea, oil on board, 39.6 x 44.6 cm, signed l.r.

Frederick Bedrich Serger

painting • for sale

Terrace near the sea

Otto Dix | Self portrait, woodcut, 20.8 x 14.3 cm, executed in 1960

Otto Dix

prints & multiples • for sale

Self portrait

Dirk Filarski | Still life with daisies and sunflowers, oil on canvas, 60.2 x 50.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1934

Dirk Filarski

painting • for sale

Still life with daisies and sunflowers, 1934

Arnout Colnot | Polder landscape, oil on panel, 24.5 x 30.1 cm, signed l.l.

Arnout Colnot

painting • for sale

Polder landscape

Harrie Kuijten | Landscape, Loenen aan de Vecht, oil on canvas, 66.4 x 54.7 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1927-1936

Harrie Kuijten

painting • for sale

Landscape, Loenen aan de Vecht, ca. 1936

Jan Altink | Anemones, oil on canvas, 40.0 x 30.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated '40

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Anemones, 1940

Harrie Kuijten | Violinist and cellist playing, black chalk on paper, 37.1 x 47.8 cm, signed l.r.

Harrie Kuijten

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Violinist and cellist playing

Herman Kruyder | Flowers and trees, oil on canvas, 30.7 x 40.4 cm, painted ca. 1925

Herman Kruyder

painting • for sale

Flowers and trees

Johan Dijkstra | A view of castle Radboud in Medemblik, watercolour on paper, 38.0 x 66.0 cm

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • for sale

A view of castle Radboud in Medemblik, ca. 1945-1967

Jan Wiegers | Chess players, woodcut on Japanese paper, 61.5 x 49.8 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil) and executed ca. 1920

Jan Wiegers

prints & multiples • for sale

Chess players, ca. 1920

Siep van den Berg | The Eendrachtskade and bascule bridge, Groningen, oil on canvas laid down on board, 40.0 x 49.9 cm, signed on the reverse

Siep van den Berg

painting • for sale

The Eendrachtskade and bascule bridge, Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | Female nude, chalk on paper, 37.0 x 22.0 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Female nude

George Martens | Reclyning nude, oil on canvas, 80.3 x 64.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated '29

George Martens

painting • for sale

Reclyning nude, 1929

Johan Dijkstra | Country road in Ezinge, Groningen, oil on canvas, 60.0 x 100.0 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Country road in Ezinge, Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | The Westerhaven in Groningen, oil on canvas, 60.1 x 92.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated '60

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

The Westerhaven in Groningen, 1960

Johan Dijkstra | Pigeon loft at the farm Blauwborgje, Gronigen, oil on paper laid down on panel, 42.1 x 64.5 cm, signed on the reverse

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Pigeon loft at the farm Blauwborgje, Gronigen

Jan Jordens | Reclining nude (Leda and the swan), oil on canvas, 20.9 x 50.6 cm, signed u.r. and dated '42

Jan Jordens

painting • for sale

Reclining nude (Leda and the swan)

Petrus Jacobus Maria Wiegman | Bulb fields, oil on board, 29.4 x 39.3 cm, signed l.l.

Petrus Jacobus Maria Wiegman

painting • for sale

Bulb fields

Willem Paerels | Seated nude in a landscape, oil on canvas, 104.3 x 138.2 cm, signed l.r.

Willem Paerels

painting • for sale

Seated nude in a landscape

Henryk Gotlib | Fruit in two bowls, oil on canvas, 76.3 x 63.7 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1962

Henryk Gotlib

painting • for sale

Fruit in two bowls

George Wildschut | The Fransepad in Blaricum, oil on canvas, 63.8 x 90.4 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1950

George Wildschut

painting • for sale

The Fransepad in Blaricum, ca. 1920


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