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Expressionism art movement • artists • artworks for sale

No more reporter of reality
The word 'expressionism' is used for innovative, anti-impressionist tendencies in the visual arts in Western Europe, starting around 1905. In Germany, France, Belgium and Austria, groups of like-minded artists arose who wanted to express reality instead of painting. indicate their own feelings towards their topic. For their visual language they made use of the expressive power of color and the free interpretation of forms. The earliest manifestation of expressionism takes place in Germany with the groups Die Brücke (Dresden, 1905-1913) and Der Blaue Reiter (Munich, 1911-1914), and in France with the Fauvists. Especially in Germany, the bond with reality sometimes fades to such an extent that it virtually disappears.

Expressionism in the Netherlands: De Ploeg and the Bergense School
Expressionism expresses itself in different ways in our country. As a real group we can only mention the Groninger Ploeg, in which the same spiritual unity prevailed as in the aforementioned German avant-garde groups. Bright, exuberant colors and a bold transformation of nature are the characteristic style elements of painters such as Johan Dijkstra, Jan Wiegers and Jan Altink in the heyday of De Ploeg from 1920 onwards.
The Bergen School (1915-1925) is usually also classified as expressionism, although this was more about a collection of individual artists who were active in Amsterdam and Bergen in turn and who had unanimous ideas. Their landscapes and still lifes are usually characterized by simple shapes and surfaces, a solid brushstroke and a color with a lot of browns, greens and ochres. For painters such as Arnout Colnot, Dirk Filarski, Harrie Kuijten, Piet van Wijngaerdt, Matthieu and Piet Wiegman and for a short time Leo Gestel, the French cubists, Cézanne and the painter Henri Le Fauconnier, who lived in the Netherlands from 1914 onwards, served as a source of inspiration. Painters such as Gustave de Smet who emigrated to the Netherlands in the First World War also influenced Dutch expressionism.

From now on it is about emotion
In addition, expressionism in the Netherlands from 1914 onwards mainly shows a diverse picture of individual artists who process expressionist impulses into a strictly personal style in which color and form express a strong perception of emotions. Some artists tried to depict a deeper, (spiritual) reality in their work, often making use of ideas from the worlds of theosophy and anthroposophy, such as Jacoba van Heemskerck, Else Berg, Mommie Schwarz and the early Charley Toorop. Others go their own independent course in reasonable isolation, with work with a strong emotional charge that reflects the feelings of the artist. Such as Herman Kruyder, Hendrik Chabot, Hendrik Wiegersma and Herman Gouwe.

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Karl Holleck-Weithmann | The dark forest, oil on canvas, 94.7 x 77.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1911

Karl Holleck-Weithmann

painting • for sale

The dark forest

Jan Altink | A farm in a summer landscape, oil on canvas, 60.6 x 50.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated '46

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

A farm in a summer landscape

Jan Altink | Landscape with haymaking farmer, oil on canvas, 50.3 x 60.2 cm

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Landscape with haymaking farmer

Jan van der Zee | Landscape with farms in Groningen, oil on canvas, 50.3 x 70.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '37

Jan van der Zee

painting • for sale

Landscape with farms in Groningen

Jan van der Zee | Ships in the Damsterdiep; on the reverse: Summer landscape, oil on panel, 24.4 x 30.5 cm, signed l.r.

Jan van der Zee

painting • for sale

Ships in the Damsterdiep; on the reverse: Summer landscape

Jan Altink | Country road in the summer, oil on canvas, 50.3 x 60.1 cm, signed l.r. and dated '52

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Country road in the summer

Jan Altink | Summer landscape in Drenthe, oil on canvas, 48.0 x 62.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated '44

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Summer landscape in Drenthe

Jan Jordens | Self portrait of the artist, ink on paper, 26.7 x 26.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated '57

Jan Jordens

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Self portrait of the artist

Jan Altink | Plowing farmer, pencil on paper, 16.1 x 20.8 cm, signed l.r. with studio stamp

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Plowing farmer

Jan Altink | Plowing farmer, chalk on paper, 50.1 x 70.4 cm, signed l.r. and zonder lijst

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Plowing farmer

Matthieu Wiegman | Still life with geranium, fruit and a wine bottle, watercolour on paper, 73.0 x 54.1 cm, signed l.r.

Matthieu Wiegman

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Still life with geranium, fruit and a wine bottle

Harrie Kuijten | At Camperduin, oil on canvas, 50.9 x 66.2 cm, signed l.r.

Harrie Kuijten

painting • for sale

At Camperduin

Ewoud de Kat | Wedding couple in Zeeland costume, oil on canvas, 60.3 x 60.6 cm, signed l.r.

Ewoud de Kat

painting • for sale

Wedding couple in Zeeland costume

Jan van der Leest | Flower garden, oil on canvas, 50.0 x 60.2 cm, signed l.r.

Jan van der Leest

painting • for sale

Flower garden

Piet van Wijngaerdt | Winter at Abcoude, oil on canvas, 70.5 x 80.3 cm, signed l.l. and dated '56

Piet van Wijngaerdt

painting • for sale

Winter at Abcoude

Piet van Wijngaerdt | Lily branch in a vase, oil on panel, 35.1 x 32.4 cm, signed l.r.

Piet van Wijngaerdt

painting • for sale

Lily branch in a vase

Erasmus Bernhard von Dülmen Krumpelmann | Take a dip in the 'Drentse Aa', oil on canvas laid down on panel, 76.0 x 60.0 cm, signed l.r.

Erasmus Bernhard von Dülmen Krumpelmann

painting • for sale

Take a dip in the 'Drentse Aa'

Jan van der Baan | Landscape Norway; on the reverse: Market in Siddeburen, oil on canvas, 60.2 x 79.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated '73

Jan van der Baan

painting • for sale

Landscape Norway; on the reverse: Market in Siddeburen

Johan Dijkstra | Female nude, chalk on paper, 51.3 x 31.1 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Female nude

Hendrik Werkman | De Blauwe Schuit: Ein Gebet wider den Türken (Prayer against the Turks), stencil print on paper, 25.6 x 20.6 cm, executed in 1943

Hendrik Werkman

painting • for sale

De Blauwe Schuit: Ein Gebet wider den Türken (Prayer against the Turks)

Hendrik Werkman | De Blauwe Schuit: Ascensus ad infernos, stencil print on paper, 23.5 x 18.6 cm, printed in 1942

Hendrik Werkman

painting • for sale

De Blauwe Schuit: Ascensus ad infernos

Hendrik Werkman | De Blauwe Schuit: Prayer for peace, stencil print on paper, 29.2 x 22.0 cm, dated May 1943

Hendrik Werkman

painting • for sale

De Blauwe Schuit: Prayer for peace

Philipp Bauknecht | Mountain landscape, black chalk and watercolour on paper, 24.7 x 31.0 cm, signed l.r. (indistinctly) and dated (indistinctly) 196[2?]

Philipp Bauknecht

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Mountain landscape

Harrie Kuijten | A farm in the snow (probably in Groet), oil on canvas, 40.0 x 60.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated on the stretcher 1942

Harrie Kuijten

painting • for sale

A farm in the snow (probably in Groet)

Jan Altink |  Field with hay shards ca 1928: on the reverse: Storm on the Paterswoldse lake ('45), oil on canvas, 60.0 x 80.2 cm, signed on the reverse and painted ca. 1928

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Field with hay shards ca 1928: on the reverse: Storm on the Paterswoldse lake ('45)

Johan Dijkstra | Bean pickers; on the reverse: Portrait of the actress Charlotte Köhler, oil on canvas, 65.3 x 85.2 cm, signed on the reverse

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Bean pickers; on the reverse: Portrait of the actress Charlotte Köhler

Siep van den Berg | Country road between wheat fields, Zuidlaren, oil on canvas, 50.2 x 70.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '44

Siep van den Berg

painting • for sale

Country road between wheat fields, Zuidlaren

Jan Altink | Horseman in Essen, watercolour on paper, 59.5 x 45.7 cm, signed l.r.

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Horseman in Essen


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