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Groninger Ploeg art movement • artists • artworks for sale

On the barricades
The artists of the Groninger Ploeg are important representatives of expressionism in the Netherlands. These young painters rebelled against the sluggish cultural climate in the provincial capital, which held back any artistic development, and in 1918 joined forces in the De Ploeg art circle, whose aim was to promote Groningen's artistic life. They did this by organizing exhibitions and lectures and by publishing the magazine "Het Kouter", in which an expressionist-tinged sense of life and community was expressed.

The joy of renewal
Jan Wiegers is seen as the linchpin of these northern innovators. When he founded De Ploeg in 1918 with Johan Dijkstra, Jan Altink and Jan Jordens, he had already become acquainted with the work of the German expressionists during a study trip through Germany, Austria, Italy and Switzerland. He put their pure colors and bold transformation of nature into practice in his landscapes and portraits. He meets Ernst Ludwig Kirchner when he has to cure in Davos, Switzerland in 1920 and 1921 due to a lung condition. In the work of Kirchner, co-founder of the German artist group Die Brücke, Wiegers connects with his color and form experiments. He develops a colorful expressionism, characterized by a powerful color palette and an idiosyncratic rendering of his subject, in which oil paint is exchanged for wax paint. When he returns to Groningen, Dijkstra and Altink are the first to give in. In the period between 1922 and 1927, Groningen expressionism came to full maturity, not only in depicting the agricultural areas with their peasant population, but also in portraits, nudes, still lifes and cityscapes. In relatively isolated Groningen, the Ploegschilders developed an expressive idiom that would remain unparalleled in the Netherlands.

And after that…
In the years after 1927, when the urge to innovate gradually consolidated, the Ploeg painters found a balance between the fierce forms of expressionism and a lyrical-impressionist style. For Jan Altink, Jan Wiegers and Johan Dijkstra, the Groningen landscape remains the most important subject. Other painters devote themselves to form experiments. Wobbe Alkema, Jan Jordens and Jan van der Zee, for example, develop a geometric, constructivist way of working within the four walls of their studio.

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Johan Dijkstra | View on Eenrum with the Lutje Meulen, watercolour on paper, 40.3 x 67.2 cm, signed l.l.

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • for sale

View on Eenrum with the Lutje Meulen

Johan Dijkstra | Country road in Groningen, wax paint on canvas, 54.0 x 72.7 cm, painted ca. 1928

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Country road in Groningen

Jan Altink | The farm 'Blauwborgje' in Groningen, oil on canvas, 55.0 x 60.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated '28

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

The farm 'Blauwborgje' in Groningen, 1928

Ekke Kleima | 3 ladies on the beach, Schiermonnikoog, oil on canvas, 50.4 x 60.5 cm, signed with initials on the stretcher and dated 1939 on the stretcher

Ekke Kleima

painting • for sale

3 ladies on the beach, Schiermonnikoog, 1939

Jan ten Have | Landscape with tree, oil on canvas, 46.1 x 54.2 cm, signed l.r.

Jan ten Have

painting • for sale

Landscape with tree

George Martens | A view of the Paterswold lake, Groningen, oil on canvas, 33.0 x 48.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated '30

George Martens

painting • for sale

A view of the Paterswold lake, Groningen, 1930

Johan Dijkstra | Farmhouse en church of Leegkerk, oil on canvas, 60.4 x 100.1 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Farmhouse en church of Leegkerk

Johan Dijkstra | Figure walking under the trees, oil on canvas, 100.0 x 70.0 cm

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Figure walking under the trees

Jan Altink | Arable land with farms, black chalk on paper, 31.1 x 48.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '61

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Arable land with farms

Jan van der Zee | Harvest machines, lithograph on paper, 37.0 x 47.3 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil) and dated (in pencil) '53

Jan van der Zee

prints & multiples • for sale

Harvest machines, 1953

Jan Altink | Country road through pine forest and flowering heather, watercolour on paper, 54.9 x 69.8 cm

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Country road through pine forest and flowering heather

Jan Altink | Still life with tobacco box, pipe and wine bottle, oil on canvas, 30.3 x 40.3 cm, signed l.r.

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Still life with tobacco box, pipe and wine bottle

Jan Altink | Mother and child in the cornfields, groningen, wax paint on canvas, 50.3 x 60.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated '51

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Mother and child in the cornfields, groningen, ca. 1951

Jan Altink | Along the Reitdiep, wax paint on canvas, 63.2 x 78.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '29

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Along the Reitdiep, 1929

Jan Altink | Landscape with a house, oil on canvas, 60.3 x 78.0 cm, signed l.r.

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Landscape with a house

Jan Altink | Abandoned farm in France, tempera on paper, 63.0 x 47.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '53

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Abandoned farm in France, 1953

Jan Altink | Blauwborgje; verso: A landscape with a horse in a meadow, oil on canvas, 44.0 x 53.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '40

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Blauwborgje; verso: A landscape with a horse in a meadow, 1940

Jan Wiegers | A view of Tegna, Ticino, Switzerland, oil on canvas, 61.5 x 73.4 cm, signed l.l. and painted ca. 1949

Jan Wiegers

painting • for sale

A view of Tegna, Ticino, Switzerland, ca. 1949

Jan Altink | The bridge at Steentil near Aduard, watercolour and gouache on paper, 63.5 x 49.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '56

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

The bridge at Steentil near Aduard

Jan ten Have | The Steentilbridge, Groningen, oil on canvas, 60.0 x 80.0 cm, signed l.r.

Jan ten Have

painting • for sale

The Steentilbridge, Groningen

George Martens | Portrait of a woman, oil on canvas, 50.4 x 50.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated '29

George Martens

painting • for sale

Portrait of a woman, 1929

Jan Altink | The Paterswolde lake; on the reverse: landscape, oil on canvas, 60.9 x 50.8 cm, signed l.r. and on the reverse and dated '41 and '48 on the reverse

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

The Paterswolde lake; on the reverse: landscape, 1941-1948

Jan Wiegers | Garden in Ticino, wax paint on canvas, 50.6 x 61.7 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1947-1950

Jan Wiegers

painting • for sale

Garden in Ticino, ca. 1947-1950

Jan van der Zee | Mooring on the Paterswoldsemeer, oil on canvas, 59.5 x 80.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '47

Jan van der Zee

painting • for sale

Mooring on the Paterswoldsemeer, 1947

Johan Dijkstra | Standing nude, black chalk and watercolour on paper, 62.7 x 46.6 cm

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Standing nude

Jan Wiegers | Fir, Frauenkirch (Davos), oil on panel, 39.9 x 30.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '36

Jan Wiegers

painting • for sale

Fir, Frauenkirch (Davos), 1936

Job Hansen | Chestnut tree and lady, with petrol diluted oil paint on panel, 60.7 x 50.6 cm, signed on the reverse and dated 1 Mei 1950

Job Hansen

painting • for sale

Chestnut tree and lady, 1950

Job Hansen | Dike, heatwave, bathing youth, with petrol diluted oil paint on panel, 51.1 x 60.3 cm, signed u.l. and dated on the reverse 4 juli 1931

Job Hansen

painting • for sale

Dike, heatwave, bathing youth, 1931


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