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Groninger Ploeg art movement • artists • artworks for sale

On the barricades
The artists of the Groninger Ploeg are important representatives of expressionism in the Netherlands. These young painters rebelled against the sluggish cultural climate in the provincial capital, which held back any artistic development, and in 1918 joined forces in the De Ploeg art circle, whose aim was to promote Groningen's artistic life. They did this by organizing exhibitions and lectures and by publishing the magazine "Het Kouter", in which an expressionist-tinged sense of life and community was expressed.

The joy of renewal
Jan Wiegers is seen as the linchpin of these northern innovators. When he founded De Ploeg in 1918 with Johan Dijkstra, Jan Altink and Jan Jordens, he had already become acquainted with the work of the German expressionists during a study trip through Germany, Austria, Italy and Switzerland. He put their pure colors and bold transformation of nature into practice in his landscapes and portraits. He meets Ernst Ludwig Kirchner when he has to cure in Davos, Switzerland in 1920 and 1921 due to a lung condition. In the work of Kirchner, co-founder of the German artist group Die Brücke, Wiegers connects with his color and form experiments. He develops a colorful expressionism, characterized by a powerful color palette and an idiosyncratic rendering of his subject, in which oil paint is exchanged for wax paint. When he returns to Groningen, Dijkstra and Altink are the first to give in. In the period between 1922 and 1927, Groningen expressionism came to full maturity, not only in depicting the agricultural areas with their peasant population, but also in portraits, nudes, still lifes and cityscapes. In relatively isolated Groningen, the Ploegschilders developed an expressive idiom that would remain unparalleled in the Netherlands.

And after that…
In the years after 1927, when the urge to innovate gradually consolidated, the Ploeg painters found a balance between the fierce forms of expressionism and a lyrical-impressionist style. For Jan Altink, Jan Wiegers and Johan Dijkstra, the Groningen landscape remains the most important subject. Other painters devote themselves to form experiments. Wobbe Alkema, Jan Jordens and Jan van der Zee, for example, develop a geometric, constructivist way of working within the four walls of their studio.

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Johan Dijkstra | Country road near Beijum, oil on canvas, 28.0 x 37.5 cm, signed l.l. and painted between 1929-1931

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Country road near Beijum

Jan Altink | A farm in a summer landscape, oil on canvas, 60.6 x 50.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated '46

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

A farm in a summer landscape

Jan Altink | Landscape with haymaking farmer, oil on canvas, 50.3 x 60.2 cm

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Landscape with haymaking farmer

Jan van der Zee | Landscape with farms in Groningen, oil on canvas, 50.3 x 70.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '37

Jan van der Zee

painting • for sale

Landscape with farms in Groningen

Jan van der Zee | Ships in the Damsterdiep; on the reverse: Summer landscape, oil on panel, 24.4 x 30.5 cm, signed l.r.

Jan van der Zee

painting • for sale

Ships in the Damsterdiep; on the reverse: Summer landscape

Jan Altink | Country road in the summer, oil on canvas, 50.3 x 60.1 cm, signed l.r. and dated '52

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Country road in the summer

Jan Altink | Summer landscape in Drenthe, oil on canvas, 48.0 x 62.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated '44

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Summer landscape in Drenthe

Jan Jordens | Self portrait of the artist, ink on paper, 26.7 x 26.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated '57

Jan Jordens

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Self portrait of the artist

Johan Dijkstra | Harvesting farm workers, oil on board laid down on panel, 35.7 x 62.8 cm

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Harvesting farm workers

Johan Dijkstra | Red flowers, oil on canvas, 36.0 x 35.8 cm, signed on the stretcher

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Red flowers

Johan Dijkstra | Near Maarhuizen, Groningen, oil on canvas, 60.3 x 100.3 cm, signed l.l.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Near Maarhuizen, Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | Country road in Den Andel, Groningen, oil on canvas, 60.4 x 90.2 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Country road in Den Andel, Groningen

Jan Altink | Plowing farmer, pencil on paper, 16.1 x 20.8 cm, signed l.r. with studio stamp

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Plowing farmer

Jan Altink | Plowing farmer, chalk on paper, 50.1 x 70.4 cm, signed l.r. and zonder lijst

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Plowing farmer

George Martens | Flower still life with lemons, benzinerel and wax paint on canvas, 50.3 x 50.3 cm, signed u.r.

George Martens

painting • for sale

Flower still life with lemons

Jan Altink | Self portrait, black chalk on paper, 16.5 x 12.7 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Self portrait

Jan Altink | Forest view, chalk and watercolour on paper, 17.7 x 12.4 cm

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Forest view

Jan Altink | View between trees, chalk on paper, 12.6 x 20.1 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

View between trees

Jan Altink | Landscape with red road-, chalk on paper, 17.4 x 11.3 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Landscape with red road-

Jan van der Baan | Landscape Norway; on the reverse: Market in Siddeburen, oil on canvas, 60.2 x 79.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated '73

Jan van der Baan

painting • for sale

Landscape Norway; on the reverse: Market in Siddeburen

Johan Dijkstra | Female nude, chalk on paper, 51.3 x 31.1 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Female nude

Hendrik Werkman | De Blauwe Schuit: Ein Gebet wider den Türken (Prayer against the Turks), stencil print on paper, 25.6 x 20.6 cm, executed in 1943

Hendrik Werkman

painting • for sale

De Blauwe Schuit: Ein Gebet wider den Türken (Prayer against the Turks)

Hendrik Werkman | De Blauwe Schuit: A muscovite Legend, stencil print on paper, 29.1 x 21.9 cm, dated august 1941

Hendrik Werkman

painting • for sale

De Blauwe Schuit: A muscovite Legend

Hendrik Werkman | De Blauwe Schuit: Ascensus ad infernos, stencil print on paper, 23.5 x 18.6 cm, printed in 1942

Hendrik Werkman

painting • for sale

De Blauwe Schuit: Ascensus ad infernos

Hendrik Werkman | De Blauwe Schuit: Prayer for peace, stencil print on paper, 29.2 x 22.0 cm, dated May 1943

Hendrik Werkman

painting • for sale

De Blauwe Schuit: Prayer for peace

Jan Altink | Farmyard in Essen, watercolour on paper, 44.7 x 59.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '41

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Farmyard in Essen

George Martens | Still life with flowers and toy horse, oil on canvas, 50.5 x 50.3 cm, signed reverse on stretcher

George Martens

painting • for sale

Still life with flowers and toy horse

Simon Steenmeijer | Blankeweer house, chalk and watercolour on paper, 54.8 x 37.6 cm, painted ca. 1955

Simon Steenmeijer

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Blankeweer house


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