Search by artist
Sluit

Groninger Ploeg art movement • artists • artworks for sale

On the barricades
The artists of the Groninger Ploeg are important representatives of expressionism in the Netherlands. These young painters rebelled against the sluggish cultural climate in the provincial capital, which held back any artistic development, and in 1918 joined forces in the De Ploeg art circle, whose aim was to promote Groningen's artistic life. They did this by organizing exhibitions and lectures and by publishing the magazine "Het Kouter", in which an expressionist-tinged sense of life and community was expressed.

The joy of renewal
Jan Wiegers is seen as the linchpin of these northern innovators. When he founded De Ploeg in 1918 with Johan Dijkstra, Jan Altink and Jan Jordens, he had already become acquainted with the work of the German expressionists during a study trip through Germany, Austria, Italy and Switzerland. He put their pure colors and bold transformation of nature into practice in his landscapes and portraits. He meets Ernst Ludwig Kirchner when he has to cure in Davos, Switzerland in 1920 and 1921 due to a lung condition. In the work of Kirchner, co-founder of the German artist group Die Brücke, Wiegers connects with his color and form experiments. He develops a colorful expressionism, characterized by a powerful color palette and an idiosyncratic rendering of his subject, in which oil paint is exchanged for wax paint. When he returns to Groningen, Dijkstra and Altink are the first to give in. In the period between 1922 and 1927, Groningen expressionism came to full maturity, not only in depicting the agricultural areas with their peasant population, but also in portraits, nudes, still lifes and cityscapes. In relatively isolated Groningen, the Ploegschilders developed an expressive idiom that would remain unparalleled in the Netherlands.

And after that…
In the years after 1927, when the urge to innovate gradually consolidated, the Ploeg painters found a balance between the fierce forms of expressionism and a lyrical-impressionist style. For Jan Altink, Jan Wiegers and Johan Dijkstra, the Groningen landscape remains the most important subject. Other painters devote themselves to form experiments. Wobbe Alkema, Jan Jordens and Jan van der Zee, for example, develop a geometric, constructivist way of working within the four walls of their studio.

12...14

Hendrik Werkman | Prayer for peace, stencil print on paper, 29.2 x 22.0 cm, dated May 1943

Hendrik Werkman

painting • for sale

Prayer for peace, 1943

Jan Altink | Farmyard in Essen, watercolour on paper, 44.7 x 59.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '41

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Farmyard in Essen, 1941

George Martens | Still life with flowers and toy horse, oil on canvas, 50.5 x 50.3 cm

George Martens

painting • for sale

Still life with flowers and toy horse

Jan Altink |  Field with hay shards: on the reverse: Storm on the Paterswoldse lake ('45), oil on canvas, 60.0 x 80.2 cm, signed on the reverse and painted ca. 1928

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Field with hay shards: on the reverse: Storm on the Paterswoldse lake ('45), ca. 1928

Jan Altink | A view of the village Essen, Groningen, oil on canvas, 51.9 x 60.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated '45

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

A view of the village Essen, Groningen, 1945

Johan Dijkstra | Bean pickers; on the reverse: Portrait of the actress Charlotte Köhler, oil on canvas, 65.3 x 85.2 cm, signed on the reverse

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Bean pickers; on the reverse: Portrait of the actress Charlotte Köhler

George Martens | Kattendiep, evening, oil on panel, 31.0 x 42.5 cm, signed on the reverse and painted ca. 1925

George Martens

painting • for sale

Kattendiep, evening, ca. 1925

Ben Walrecht | At Oldehove, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 40.4 x 50.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated '33

Ben Walrecht

painting • for sale

At Oldehove, 1933

Johan Dijkstra | Farmhouse on the Paddepoelsterweg near Wierumerschouw; on the reverse: Farm on a countryroad, oil on canvas, 52.4 x 66.0 cm, painted ca. 1930

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Farmhouse on the Paddepoelsterweg near Wierumerschouw; on the reverse: Farm on a countryroad, ca. 1930

Karel Arkema | Figures and horses in colored landscape, gouache on paper, 37.5 x 49.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1955

Karel Arkema

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Figures and horses in colored landscape, 1955

Henk Melgers | Windmill, gouache on paper, 49.4 x 37.2 cm, signed l.r.

Henk Melgers

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Windmill

Jan van der Baan | Seated nude, oil on board, 70.1 x 50.1 cm, signed l.l.

Jan van der Baan

painting • for sale

Seated nude

Jan Altink | Anemones, oil on canvas, 40.0 x 30.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated '40

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Anemones, 1940

Johan Dijkstra | Tapestry, wool, coloured, 148.0 x 83.0 cm

Johan Dijkstra

statue • sculptuur • for sale

Tapestry

Jan Altink | Farmyard with cart, oil on canvas, 44.4 x 66.1 cm, signed l.r. and dated '39

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Farmyard with cart

Jan Wiegers | Chess players, woodcut on Japanese paper, 61.5 x 49.8 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil) and executed ca. 1920

Jan Wiegers

prints & multiples • for sale

Chess players, ca. 1920

Johan Dijkstra | Female nude, chalk on paper, 37.0 x 22.0 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Female nude

Johan Dijkstra | Country road in Ezinge, Groningen, oil on canvas, 60.0 x 100.0 cm, signed l.r.

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Country road in Ezinge, Groningen

Johan Dijkstra | The Westerhaven in Groningen, oil on canvas, 60.1 x 92.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated '60

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

The Westerhaven in Groningen, 1960

Johan Dijkstra | Pigeon loft at the farm Blauwborgje, Gronigen, oil on paper laid down on panel, 42.1 x 64.5 cm, signed on the reverse

Johan Dijkstra

painting • for sale

Pigeon loft at the farm Blauwborgje, Gronigen

Jan Altink | The farm 'Blauwborgje' in Groningen, oil on canvas, 55.0 x 60.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated '28

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

The farm 'Blauwborgje' in Groningen, 1928

Jan van der Zee | Harvest machines, lithograph on paper, 37.0 x 47.3 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil) and dated (in pencil) '53

Jan van der Zee

prints & multiples • for sale

Harvest machines, 1953

Jan Altink | Still life with tobacco box, pipe and wine bottle, oil on canvas, 30.3 x 40.3 cm, signed l.r.

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Still life with tobacco box, pipe and wine bottle

Jan Altink | Along the Reitdiep, wax paint on canvas, 63.2 x 78.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '29

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Along the Reitdiep, 1929

Jan Altink | Abandoned farm in France, tempera on paper, 63.0 x 47.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated '53

Jan Altink

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Abandoned farm in France, 1953

Jan Altink | Blauwborgje; verso: A landscape with a horse in a meadow, oil on canvas, 44.0 x 53.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated '40

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

Blauwborgje; verso: A landscape with a horse in a meadow, 1940

Jan ten Have | The Steentilbridge, Groningen, oil on canvas, 60.0 x 80.0 cm, signed l.r. and painted ca. 1925-1930

Jan ten Have

painting • for sale

The Steentilbridge, Groningen, ca. 1925-1930

Jan Altink | The Paterswolde lake; on the reverse: landscape, oil on canvas, 60.9 x 50.8 cm, signed l.r. and on the reverse and dated '41 and '48 on the reverse

Jan Altink

painting • for sale

The Paterswolde lake; on the reverse: landscape, 1941-1948


12...14