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Neo-Impressionism & Pointillism Paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

In 1886 in Paris at an exhibition of French Impressionist painters hung a large, sunny canvas by Georges Seurat entitled "A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte". The work was carefully constructed from small dots of paint and caused a storm of reactions. The art critic Félix Fénéon called Seurat's stippling technique "neo-impressionism", a term that would thereafter be used permanently for the work of Seurat, Paul Signac and their followers. In fact, the Neo-Impressionists built on the Impressionism of Claude Monet and his circle, painters who en plein air captured the changing effects of sunlight in bright colors and quick, spontaneous brushstrokes. But their work was also a response to the fleeting nature of Impressionism: Seurat and his colleagues used their small and orderly dots of color to represent the enduring, essential of nature. In doing so, they made use of Michel-Eugène Chevreuil's 19th-century scientific theories about the perception and effect of light and color. His "chromatic circle" showed that optical color mixing occurs at distance and that the three primary colors of the solar spectrum, red, yellow and blue, have a complementary color (green, purple and orange) that enhances them. Due to the stippling and the proximity of this counterpart, the colors on the canvas get a tingle that gives the impression of a warm, vibrating (sun) light.

In the Netherlands, neo-impressionism mainly spread through Jan Toorop. He came into contact with it through the Belgian artist group Les Vingt, of which he was a member from 1884, during his stay in Brussels (1883-1890). He was one of the twenty permanent members of this avant-garde group and the only Dutchman among celebrities such as Ensor, Anna Boch and Seurat's Belgian followers Théo van Rysselberghe and Henri van de Velde. In 1887, Les Vingt in Belgium organized one of the first exhibitions of Neo-Impressionists outside France. There were also pointillary canvases by Toorop, who in 1888, incidentally, would again proceed to an idiosyncratic treatment of Seurat's pointillism. Thanks to Toorop, neo-impressionism was first shown in Amsterdam in 1889. The Dutch public, accustomed to the green Dutch landscapes and the solid touch of the Hague School, could not get excited about the "dotted mania of the vibrists", as the neo-impressionists were mockingly called. Nevertheless, in 1892 he organized a second exhibition of Les Vingt at the Haagsche Kunstkring. This time a group of painters in Leiden and The Hague became inspired, including Johan Thorn Prikker, Jan Aarts, Jan Vijlbrief and H.P. Bremmer, who painted a number of pointillist still lifes in the period 1893-1895 and who influenced painters such as Herman van Daalhoff, Jaap Nieweg and Jo Koster.

In addition to The Hague and its surroundings, Toorop also made Domburg in Zeeland a center of Neo-Impressionism. Between 1903 and 1922 he gathered artists around him in the summer, a number of whom started to pointill, including Piet Mondrian, Otto van Rees, Mies Elout-Drabbe, Ferdinand Hart Nibbrig. The intensity of the light on Walcheren, surrounded by water, would contribute to Toorop switching from fine pointillé in his Zeeland motifs to strong, mosaic-like notes in clear pastel shades. In 1909 and 1910 Mondrian took over these large brushstrokes. Subsequently, in Amsterdam, this work, together with that of Jan Sluijters and Leo Gestel, would lead to the so-called Amsterdam luminism - partly originating from pointillism - which was rampant around 1911. Hart Nibbrig stuck to fine dots, which he freely combined here and there with color streaks. Together with Co Breman and, only for a short time, with Hendrik Jan Wolter, he formed the Laren pointillists, who painted blond, sun-headed Gooi landscapes.

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Ferdinand Hart Nibbrig | Bulbfields in Bennebroek, oil on canvas, 51.1 x 71.3 cm, signed l.r. and ca 1900

Ferdinand Hart Nibbrig

painting • for sale

Bulbfields in Bennebroek

Ferdinand Hart Nibbrig | Gleaner working the field, oil on canvas, 39.2 x 60.4 cm, executed ca. 1900

Ferdinand Hart Nibbrig

painting • for sale

Gleaner working the field

Co Breman | Haystacks, oil on canvas, 20.2 x 36.5 cm, signed l.r. with initials and dated 1901

Co Breman

painting • for sale

Haystacks

Raphael Bubois | La lettre, oil on canvas, 85.0 x 105.0 cm, signed l.r. and without frame

Raphael Bubois

painting • for sale

La lettre

Jakob Nieweg | Yellow tulips, oil on canvas, 45.2 x 35.4 cm, signed l.r. with monogram and dated 1947, without frame

Jakob Nieweg

painting • for sale

Yellow tulips

Henri van Daalhoff | Winter, oil on panel, 25.5 x 35.5 cm, signed l.r. and on the reverse

Henri van Daalhoff

painting • for sale

Winter

William Degouve de Nuncques | June in the Ardennes, oil on canvas, 63.9 x 80.8 cm, signed l.r. with monogram and dated 1926

William Degouve de Nuncques

painting • for sale

June in the Ardennes

Johan Birnie | Bulb fields, oil on canvas, 50.5 x 70.5 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1921

Johan Birnie

painting • for sale

Bulb fields

Ludovic Vallée | A summer day in the parc, oil on board, 18.4 x 24.1 cm, signed l.l. with monogram and painted ca. 1938

Ludovic Vallée

painting • for sale

A summer day in the parc

Edith Pijpers | A village church betweencornfields, oil on paper, 38.1 x 48.5 cm

Edith Pijpers

painting • for sale

A village church betweencornfields

Edith Pijpers | Tree trunks, oil on paper, 34.8 x 51.1 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1920

Edith Pijpers

painting • for sale

Tree trunks

Edith Pijpers | A sunny farmyard, oil on canvas, 36.8 x 51.9 cm

Edith Pijpers

painting • for sale

A sunny farmyard

Co Breman | Winter in Giethoorn, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 34.3 x 49.1 cm, signed l.r.

Co Breman

painting • for sale

Winter in Giethoorn

Co Breman | Summer landscape with potato- and buckwheatfields in the Gooi region, oil on canvas, 18.7 x 40.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 'L 1 7 1903'

Co Breman

painting • for sale

Summer landscape with potato- and buckwheatfields in the Gooi region

Harm Kamerlingh Onnes | Chestnut trees, oil on board, 24.9 x 34.4 cm, signed l.r. with monogram and dated '51

Harm Kamerlingh Onnes

painting • for sale

Chestnut trees

Jakob Nieweg | Villa Kinheim, Bloemendaal, oil on canvas, 61.6 x 80.6 cm, signed l.r. and dated Aug. 1915

Jakob Nieweg

painting • for sale

Villa Kinheim, Bloemendaal

Tjitske van Hettinga Tromp | Old houses, Zaltbommel, oil on canvas, 40.5 x 29.6 cm, signed l.r. with monogram and dated 1949

Tjitske van Hettinga Tromp

painting • for sale

Old houses, Zaltbommel

Jan Adam Zandleven | Flowering fruit tree in front of a farm, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 40.2 x 32.1 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1912

Jan Adam Zandleven

painting • for sale

Flowering fruit tree in front of a farm

Hessel de Boer | A farmhouse in summer, oil on canvas, 49.0 x 48.7 cm, without frame

Hessel de Boer

painting • for sale

A farmhouse in summer

Hessel de Boer | The Hague townhouse in summer, oil on canvas, 32.0 x 39.9 cm

Hessel de Boer

painting • for sale

The Hague townhouse in summer

Hessel de Boer | A forest creek, oil on canvas, 45.1 x 50.0 cm, signed l.m.

Hessel de Boer

painting • for sale

A forest creek

Jules De Praetere | Red flowers, oil on canvas, 45.7 x 34.7 cm, signed l.l.

Jules De Praetere

painting • for sale

Red flowers

Edith Pijpers | A sunny street, Zeeland, oil on canvas laid down on board, 38.4 x 54.7 cm, signed l.r.

Edith Pijpers

painting • for sale

A sunny street, Zeeland

Joseph Raphael | Summer landscape, watercolour on paper, 54.0 x 72.5 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1914

Joseph Raphael

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Summer landscape

Frits Maris | View over a city, oil on canvas, 44.7 x 39.5 cm, signed l.r.

Frits Maris

painting • for sale

View over a city

Frans van Tongerloo | Bulb fields near canal, oil on canvas, 40.5 x 60.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated  1916

Frans van Tongerloo

painting • for sale

Bulb fields near canal

Henri van Daalhoff | White Sunday morning, oil on canvas, 25.4 x 35.5 cm, signed l.r.

Henri van Daalhoff

painting • for sale

White Sunday morning

Albert Lefebvre | A sunlit farm, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 25.0 x 35.0 cm, signed l.r.

Albert Lefebvre

painting • for sale

A sunlit farm


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