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Realism paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

There is a story by the Roman writer Pliny about the Greek painter Zeuxis, who was able to paint his grapes so real and true to nature that birds wanted to peck at them. This realistic, and imitation of nature in detail was taken up as a challenge by later painters. In the Dutch painting tradition, the portrayal of reality "from life" was a dominant factor from the 15th century until the Impressionism of the 19th century put an end to this. After all, the emphasis in French Impressionism and the Hague School was on quickly registering the effects of light in a loose brushstroke, which left no room for developing shapes. With the color and form experiments of the subsequent Neo-Impressionism, Luminism, Cubism and Expressionism, painting in the early 20th century moved further and further away from the faithful representation of reality. This changed in our country around 1925. Faced with the emotional discharges of expressionism, a group of painters in the 1920s and 1930s created a picture of reality based on objective registration. This new realism, also called new objectivity, is believed to have been fueled by the economic crisis and political instability in the interwar period. The atmosphere of the time with its uncertainties seemed to call for a return to traditions rather than further experiments. Together with magical realism and surrealism, the new objectivity formed the face of realism in the Netherlands between 1925 and 1945.

The term "new objectivity" originated in Germany, where around 1925 "Neue Sachlichkeit" referred to an emerging realistic trend among painters, architects and photographers. In 1929 this movement was presented at an exhibition of De Onafpendenceen in Amsterdam in our country, alongside work by like-minded Dutch painters such as Harmen Meurs, Wout Schram and Raoul Hynckes. A favorite subject of these artists was the still life of everyday objects. In addition, people painted cityscapes; landscapes and figures are considerably less common. Although the aim was objectivity, there is often no completely neutral representation of the subject. For example, Jan van Tongeren seems to be more concerned with the arrangement of shapes and colors on the flat surface than with making an exact copy of reality, Charley Toorop and Rebecca van Gelder were concerned with the expression of feelings and painters processed as Chris Beekman, Harmen Meurs, Jan van Hell and Peter Alma social criticism in their work.

Around 1930 the Dutch magical realists went further in processing concepts and ideas. Their paintings are objectively and faithfully painted, but because they merge parts of reality into an unreal whole, their work evokes a feeling of alienation and unease. "Magic realism employs imaginations that are possible but not likely," said Pyke Koch. Apart from Koch, Carel Willink and Raoul Hynckes belong to this movement. Sometimes Dick Ket and the late Wim Schuhmacher are also mentioned in this context. Much smaller in size in the Netherlands was Surrealism, launched by André Breton in 1924 and widespread. In the 1930s, the movement was concentrated in Utrecht around the painters Joop Moesman, Willem van Leusden and Gerrit van 't Net. They created wonderful combinations of objects that they depict extremely detailed and realistic.

Outside the new realism is the work of the Ede painter Jan Eversen, who tried to emulate the realism of the Dutch 17th-century still life painters. As an admirer of Willem Kalf, Jan Davidsz. de Heem and Willem Claesz Heda, he studied their painting process to discover how they depict material expression and light and then applied this in his own still lifes. He regularly depicted a number of objects that were dear to him, such as a pewter Rembrandt jug, Westerwald jugs, Wanli bowls and a Venetian glass. His craftsmanship and knowledge of 17th-century painting technique were an example for the younger Henk Helmantel. In his detailed painted still lifes he pays attention to composition, light and the harmony between the lived objects he depicts.

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Jan Eversen | Still life with pewter, lemon and oysters, oil on canvas, 51.0 x 70.8 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1957

Jan Eversen

painting • for sale

Still life with pewter, lemon and oysters, 1957

Jan Eversen | Still life with books and a clay pipe, oil on panel, 40.2 x 60.0 cm, signed l.l. and dated 3-44

Jan Eversen

painting • for sale

Still life with books and a clay pipe, 1944

Jan Heyse | Female nude with a tulip, oil on canvas laid down on board, 54.6 x 40.3 cm, signed u.l. and dated 1951

Jan Heyse

painting • for sale

Female nude with a tulip, 1951

Charley Toorop | Still life withfruit. a bottle and a newspaper, oil on canvas, 60.2 x 50.5 cm, signed l.r. with initials and painted circa 1926

Charley Toorop

painting • for sale

Still life withfruit. a bottle and a newspaper, ca. 1926

Norman Wilkinson | British fighter planes over the Somme, France, in front L. Hawker, watercolour on paper laid down on board, 27.9 x 40.8 cm, signed l.l. and dated '16

Norman Wilkinson

watercolour • drawing • for sale

British fighter planes over the Somme, France, in front L. Hawker, 1916

Jan Bogaerts | Still life with bible and a vase with straw flowers, oil on canvas, 35.3 x 40.8 cm, signed u.r. and dated 1942

Jan Bogaerts

painting • for sale

Still life with bible and a vase with straw flowers, 1942

Ton van Tast | Spider in a web, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 17.5 x 13.0 cm, signed l.m. and dated 1917

Ton van Tast

painting • for sale

Spider in a web, 1917

Marguerite Hynckes-Zahn | Flower still life with violet and rose, oil on canvas laid down on board, 42.6 x 33.7 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Marguerite Hynckes-Zahn

painting • for sale

Flower still life with violet and rose

Adriaan van 't Hoff | Still life with cactus in a pot, a glass bowl and tomatoes, oil on canvas, 56.7 x 75.8 cm

Adriaan van 't Hoff

painting • for sale

Still life with cactus in a pot, a glass bowl and tomatoes

Jan Eversen | Still life with cherries in basket, jug and peaches, oil on canvas, 40.8 x 61.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1973

Jan Eversen

painting • for sale

Still life with cherries in basket, jug and peaches, 1973

A. Roland Knight | Two to one bar one - Pike and Roach, oil on canvas, 45.5 x 81.6 cm, signed l.r.

A. Roland Knight

painting • for sale

Two to one bar one - Pike and Roach

Nuri Iyem | Portrait of three women, oil on canvas, 53.5 x 99.0 cm, signed l.l.

Nuri Iyem

painting • for sale

Portrait of three women

Jan Bogaerts | Still life with blue bottle and jars, oil on canvas, 34.7 x 45.4 cm, signed u.l. and dated 1943

Jan Bogaerts

painting • for sale

Still life with blue bottle and jars, 1943

Jos Delehaye | Still life with Roemer, gtrapes, lemon and pewter dish, oil on canvas, 26.9 x 21.2 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1880

Jos Delehaye

painting • for sale

Still life with Roemer, gtrapes, lemon and pewter dish, 1880

Clarence Underwood | Gentleman and housemaid, gouache on board, 76.0 x 55.3 cm, signed l.r.

Clarence Underwood

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Gentleman and housemaid

Lawson Wood | The double appointment, watercolour on paper, 36.8 x 53.3 cm, signed l.l. and dated '10

Lawson Wood

watercolour • drawing • for sale

The double appointment, 1910

Clarence Underwood | A shocking message, gouache on board, 75.3 x 55.7 cm, painted ca. 1915

Clarence Underwood

watercolour • drawing • for sale

A shocking message

Dirk Smorenberg | Anemones in a Vase, oil on canvas, 50.0 x 70.2 cm, signed l.r.

Dirk Smorenberg

painting • for sale

Anemones in a Vase

Jemmy van Hoboken | Goldfish, oil on panel, 23.8 x 33.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1930

Jemmy van Hoboken

painting • for sale

Goldfish, 1930

Jan Strube | The fish market in Middelburg with the Nieuwe Kerk, oil on canvas, 55.8 x 39.8 cm, signed l.r. with initials

Jan Strube

painting • for sale

The fish market in Middelburg with the Nieuwe Kerk

Corrie Pabst | Vanitas still life, oil on canvas, 30.5 x 40.2 cm, signed l.r.

Corrie Pabst

painting • for sale

Vanitas still life

Co Westerik | Female nude outside, seen from the back, pen and ink, chalk and watercolour on paper, 5.7 x 10.6 cm, signed l.c. and dated 2008

Co Westerik

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Female nude outside, seen from the back, 2008

Dirk Nijland | A view of the Brandaris, Terschelling, watercolour on paper, 57.4 x 92.6 cm, signed l.r. with initials and dated '49

Dirk Nijland

watercolour • drawing • for sale

A view of the Brandaris, Terschelling, 1949

Paul Wunderlich | Joanna Posing for Redfern, 1968, lithograph on paper, 50.0 x 65.0 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil)

Paul Wunderlich

prints & multiples • for sale

Joanna Posing for Redfern, 1968

Jan Voerman jr. | A pewter bowl with mushrooms, oil on canvas laid down on board, 19.2 x 24.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated '68

Jan Voerman jr.

painting • for sale

A pewter bowl with mushrooms, 1968

Frans Everbag | White tulips in a glass vase, oil on canvas, 23.5 x 33.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated '26

Frans Everbag

painting • for sale

White tulips in a glass vase, 1926

Sal Meijer | Farm, Blaricum, oil on panel, 51.0 x 41.1 cm, signed l.r. and l.l.

Sal Meijer

painting • for sale

Farm, Blaricum

Jan Bogaerts | Garden wall with a gate, oil on canvas, 35.1 x 40.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1916

Jan Bogaerts

painting • for sale

Garden wall with a gate, 1916


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