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Realism paintings art movement • artists • artworks for sale

There is a story by the Roman writer Pliny about the Greek painter Zeuxis, who was able to paint his grapes so real and true to nature that birds wanted to peck at them. This realistic, and imitation of nature in detail was taken up as a challenge by later painters. In the Dutch painting tradition, the portrayal of reality "from life" was a dominant factor from the 15th century until the Impressionism of the 19th century put an end to this. After all, the emphasis in French Impressionism and the Hague School was on quickly registering the effects of light in a loose brushstroke, which left no room for developing shapes. With the color and form experiments of the subsequent Neo-Impressionism, Luminism, Cubism and Expressionism, painting in the early 20th century moved further and further away from the faithful representation of reality. This changed in our country around 1925. Faced with the emotional discharges of expressionism, a group of painters in the 1920s and 1930s created a picture of reality based on objective registration. This new realism, also called new objectivity, is believed to have been fueled by the economic crisis and political instability in the interwar period. The atmosphere of the time with its uncertainties seemed to call for a return to traditions rather than further experiments. Together with magical realism and surrealism, the new objectivity formed the face of realism in the Netherlands between 1925 and 1945.

The term "new objectivity" originated in Germany, where around 1925 "Neue Sachlichkeit" referred to an emerging realistic trend among painters, architects and photographers. In 1929 this movement was presented at an exhibition of De Onafpendenceen in Amsterdam in our country, alongside work by like-minded Dutch painters such as Harmen Meurs, Wout Schram and Raoul Hynckes. A favorite subject of these artists was the still life of everyday objects. In addition, people painted cityscapes; landscapes and figures are considerably less common. Although the aim was objectivity, there is often no completely neutral representation of the subject. For example, Jan van Tongeren seems to be more concerned with the arrangement of shapes and colors on the flat surface than with making an exact copy of reality, Charley Toorop and Rebecca van Gelder were concerned with the expression of feelings and painters processed as Chris Beekman, Harmen Meurs, Jan van Hell and Peter Alma social criticism in their work.

Around 1930 the Dutch magical realists went further in processing concepts and ideas. Their paintings are objectively and faithfully painted, but because they merge parts of reality into an unreal whole, their work evokes a feeling of alienation and unease. "Magic realism employs imaginations that are possible but not likely," said Pyke Koch. Apart from Koch, Carel Willink and Raoul Hynckes belong to this movement. Sometimes Dick Ket and the late Wim Schuhmacher are also mentioned in this context. Much smaller in size in the Netherlands was Surrealism, launched by André Breton in 1924 and widespread. In the 1930s, the movement was concentrated in Utrecht around the painters Joop Moesman, Willem van Leusden and Gerrit van 't Net. They created wonderful combinations of objects that they depict extremely detailed and realistic.

Outside the new realism is the work of the Ede painter Jan Eversen, who tried to emulate the realism of the Dutch 17th-century still life painters. As an admirer of Willem Kalf, Jan Davidsz. de Heem and Willem Claesz Heda, he studied their painting process to discover how they depict material expression and light and then applied this in his own still lifes. He regularly depicted a number of objects that were dear to him, such as a pewter Rembrandt jug, Westerwald jugs, Wanli bowls and a Venetian glass. His craftsmanship and knowledge of 17th-century painting technique were an example for the younger Henk Helmantel. In his detailed painted still lifes he pays attention to composition, light and the harmony between the lived objects he depicts.

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Lawson Wood | The double appointment, watercolour on paper, 36.8 x 53.3 cm, signed l.l. and dated '10

Lawson Wood

watercolour • drawing • for sale

The double appointment, 1910

Dieter Matthäus | Woman with red blouse and cat, oil on canvas, 65.2 x 55.3 cm, signed on the reverse and dated on the reverse 9 november 1964

Dieter Matthäus

painting • for sale

Woman with red blouse and cat

Jan Strube | Still life with a tin jar, a lemon and tomatoes, oil on panel, 31.1 x 40.8 cm, signed u.r. and dated '53

Jan Strube

painting • for sale

Still life with a tin jar, a lemon and tomatoes, 1953

Jemmy van Hoboken | Goldfish, oil on panel, 23.8 x 33.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1930

Jemmy van Hoboken

painting • for sale

Goldfish, 1930

Corrie Pabst | Vanitas still life, oil on canvas, 30.5 x 40.2 cm, signed l.r.

Corrie Pabst

painting • for sale

Vanitas still life

Co Westerik | Female nude outside, seen from the back, pen and ink, chalk and watercolour on paper, 5.7 x 10.6 cm, signed l.c. and dated 2008

Co Westerik

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Female nude outside, seen from the back, 2008

Dirk Nijland | A view of the Brandaris, Terschelling, watercolour on paper, 57.4 x 92.6 cm, signed l.r. with initials and dated '49

Dirk Nijland

watercolour • drawing • for sale

A view of the Brandaris, Terschelling, 1949

Paul Wunderlich | Joanna Posing for Redfern, 1968, lithograph on paper, 50.0 x 65.0 cm, signed l.r. (in pencil)

Paul Wunderlich

prints & multiples • for sale

Joanna Posing for Redfern, 1968

Jan Voerman jr. | A pewter bowl with mushrooms, oil on canvas laid down on board, 19.2 x 24.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated '68

Jan Voerman jr.

painting • for sale

A pewter bowl with mushrooms, 1968

Willem van den Berg | A portrait of an elderly woman, oil on panel, 16.4 x 10.7 cm, signed l.r.

Willem van den Berg

painting • for sale

A portrait of an elderly woman

Frans Everbag | White tulips in a glass vase, oil on canvas, 23.5 x 33.4 cm, signed l.r. and dated '26

Frans Everbag

painting • for sale

White tulips in a glass vase, 1926

Sal Meijer | Farm, Blaricum, oil on panel, 51.0 x 41.1 cm, signed l.r. and l.l.

Sal Meijer

painting • for sale

Farm, Blaricum

Jan Bogaerts | Garden wall with a gate, oil on canvas, 35.1 x 40.0 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1916

Jan Bogaerts

painting • for sale

Garden wall with a gate, 1916

Darius Gunneweg | Butterfly, oil on board, 15.1 x 9.0 cm, signed l.l. with initials and in full on the reverse

Darius Gunneweg

painting • for sale

Butterfly

Darius Gunneweg | Figure with bird, oil on board, 13.2 x 18.3 cm, signed l.l. with initials

Darius Gunneweg

painting • for sale

Figure with bird

Aat Verhoog | Emilie Verhoog resting after bath, oil on canvas, 90.2 x 100.2 cm, signed u.l. and dated 1990/91

Aat Verhoog

painting • for sale

Emilie Verhoog resting after bath, 1990-1991

Frans Everbag | Still life with gloves, a book and children's shoes, oil on panel, 21.0 x 26.9 cm, signed l.r. and dated '27

Frans Everbag

painting • for sale

Still life with gloves, a book and children's shoes, 1927

Ger Langeweg | The art seller, oil on canvas, 70.6 x 80.7 cm, signed l.r.

Ger Langeweg

painting • for sale

The art seller

Gerrit de Jong | A still life of a white bowl, a scale and a print of a painting by Jan Scorel, oil on canvas, 50.3 x 50.3 cm, signed u.r. and dated 1944

Gerrit de Jong

painting • for sale

A still life of a white bowl, a scale and a print of a painting by Jan Scorel, 1944

Jan Wittenberg | Flower still life, oil on canvas, 29.8 x 24.0 cm, signed u.r. and painted ca. 1940

Jan Wittenberg

painting • for sale

Flower still life, ca. 1940

Max Flashar | But that's my wife!, watercolour and gouache on paper, 42.2 x 62.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated l.r. '10 and 22 Sept.1910 on the reverse

Max Flashar

watercolour • drawing • for sale

But that's my wife!, 1910

Hans Verhoef | A dragonfly and red prunes, oil on zinc, 16.0 x 21.0 cm, signed l.r.

Hans Verhoef

painting • for sale

A dragonfly and red prunes

Hans Verhoef | A still life with butterflies, insects and berries, oil on canvas, 10.3 x 15.5 cm, signed l.r.

Hans Verhoef

painting • for sale

A still life with butterflies, insects and berries

Lucas Verkoren | A still life with a bowl and books, oil on canvas, 75.7 x 91.5 cm, signed c.r. and dated 1955

Lucas Verkoren

painting • for sale

A still life with a bowl and books, 1955

Hendrikus IJkelenstam | Still life with a lantern, oil on panel, 46.4 x 30.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1940

Hendrikus IJkelenstam

painting • for sale

Still life with a lantern, 1940

Jan Bogaerts | Pink carnations, oil on canvas, 39.6 x 38.5 cm, signed u.r. and dated 1916

Jan Bogaerts

painting • for sale

Pink carnations, 1916

Jan Bogaerts | Eveningh twilight in Mategna near Merano, oil on canvas, 40.5 x 50.6 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1931

Jan Bogaerts

painting • for sale

Eveningh twilight in Mategna near Merano, 1931

Jemmy van Hoboken | A young goat; A still life with an earthenware bowl, oil on panel, 50.2 x 42.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated '42

Jemmy van Hoboken

painting • for sale

A young goat; A still life with an earthenware bowl, 1942


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