An interior says something about the taste of the person who lives there. One person chooses a design recommended by the interior designer, another collects objects with care so that the interior can be seen as an extension of himself. Paintings with the interior in the lead are therefore interesting: they not only say something about the painter's taste and what type of interior he preferred, but they often also provide insight into the interior trends of his time.
The art of the everyday
The interior as a genre originated in the 16th century, when painters such as Pieter Bruegel the Elder let go of religious themes and took daily life as the subject of art. In his 1567/1568 peasant wedding, he paid a lot of attention to the austere barn, where the young couple's wedding dinner takes place. In the 17th century, the interior is increasingly used as the main theme for a painting. Jan Steen, Pieter de Hooch and Johannes Vermeer, artists whose work is now displayed in the Rijksmuseum's Gallery of Honor, painted lavishly decorated salons, intimate vistas, working maids and messy households.
When in 19th century painting a "revival" of the art that spawned the Golden Age takes place, the interiors will not be left out either. Church interiors are popular - especially those of Protestant churches, after William I officially recognized the Reformed Church as a state church in 1816. And in the 17th century a church interior was mainly a perspective study (Saenredam), in Romanticism and early Impressionism experience is more central. Schenkel and Bosboom paint the golden light, the buzz during a worship service and the silence of some believers who visit the church space.
Warmth and cosiness
After 1880, the Dutch peasant interior became popular. Jozef Israëls is one of the first masters in painting the moody scenes, in which the interior of peasant and fishing families was depicted with love. Warm ocher colors and shades of blue pay tribute to cosiness and homeliness. Little is noticeable of the poverty that families had to contend with. The genre is in great demand and paintings by Neuhuys, Kever, De Hoog and Pieters are given the name "de Larense School". The interior continues to intrigue and is a rewarding subject for art to this day. Café scenes, candlelight shows, dance floors, chess paintings, stable interiors; anyone who wants to provide their own interior with a painted copy will certainly find something beautiful here and online.