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Marine paintings subject • artists • artworks for sale marine in fine art

Fishing and trade at sea provided exceptional prosperity in the 17th century, the "Golden Age". Paintings by Dutch painters with naval battles and historical scenes enjoyed enormous popularity. There was not much interest in the genre of seascapes in the Netherlands in the 18th century. It was not revived until the 19th century and the sea piece became very popular again. It had to radiate the glory of the Golden Age on its own time and capture the naval battles against the Napoleonic ruler. New types of ships developed and commercial shipping revived.

In Zeeland, various members of the Koekkoek family of painters established their name at the beginning of the 19th century. Ancestor Johannes painted cityscapes with waters, historical scenes, but especially ships on a troubled sea, "tossing waters". Ships with blown sails, slowly sinking in crashing waves and drowning people clinging to wreckage to rescue them. But ships anchored on reflective, calm water, in calm waters, were also his specialty. Hermanus Koekkoek sr, youngest son of Johannes Hermanus Koekkoek followed in his father's footsteps as a marine painter. Just like his father, Hermanus had a great eye for the daily life of the fishing people on the ships. He also excelled in the accurate representation of different ship types with accompanying rigging, the virtuoso drawing of the water and the lively, narrative upholstery. His work area was initially in the Zeeland waters and later, when he lived in Durgerdam and Amsterdam, on the Zuiderzee, which was then busy with commercial shipping.

In the course of the 19th century a shift can be seen in naval painting from the sea to the beach and from shipping to figures on ships. The emphasis was on the reproduction of carefree scenes that took place on the beach. The coast became more and more a place for pleasure than for work. Portraying fishermen's suffering, previously often the subject in the paintings of Jozef Isaels, was generally avoided. An exception to this was Hendrik Mesdag, who chose to paint at a relatively late age. He continued to see the high seas, with few or no ships, as the main theme. He captured beach and sea in its constantly changing moods from his beach cabin on Scheveningen beach. In a quick, loose touch and with an endless variety of brown, gold and gray colors, he brought these motifs to the canvas. Mesdag had a large production, as if he wanted to make up for lost time.

In the 20th century, naval painting gradually lost ground. Artists are drawn by the light of the water landscapes and the mundane atmosphere along the seaside resorts on the coast. Fishermen and their ships disappear from view and are replaced by flaneurs on the beaches and boulevards. However, sailing professional shipping, which populated our rivers for decades in the 20th century, remains an attractive image for painters.

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Hermanus Koekkoek | Sunset on the Dutch coast, oil on tin laid down on panel, 9.8 x 14.7 cm, signed l.l. with initials

Hermanus Koekkoek

painting • for sale

Sunset on the Dutch coast

Hendrik Willem Mesdag | After the storm at Scheveningen, watercolour and gouache on paper, 36.6 x 26.7 cm, signed l.r. and dated 30 Mei 97

Hendrik Willem Mesdag

watercolour • drawing • for sale

After the storm at Scheveningen, 1897

Antonie Waldorp | The gun salute, oil on panel, 21.1 x 28.5 cm, signed l.r.

Antonie Waldorp

painting • for sale

The gun salute

Hermanus Koekkoek | Fishermen and travellers at a rural harbour, oil on panel, 21.3 x 32.5 cm, signed l.l.

Hermanus Koekkoek

painting • for sale

Fishermen and travellers at a rural harbour

Evert Moll | A breakwater in a storm, oil on canvas, 39.0 x 51.4 cm, signed l.r.

Evert Moll

painting • for sale

A breakwater in a storm

Erasmus Bernhard von Dülmen Krumpelmann | The harbour of Hoorn, black chalk and watercolour on paper, 75.8 x 57.0 cm, signed l.r.

Erasmus Bernhard von Dülmen Krumpelmann

watercolour • drawing • for sale

The harbour of Hoorn

Hendrik Jan Wolter | The old Oosterdok, Amsterdam: on the reverse: Harbour, oil on canvas, 50.5 x 60.7 cm, signed l.r.

Hendrik Jan Wolter

painting • for sale

The old Oosterdok, Amsterdam: on the reverse: Harbour

Hermanus Koekkoek jr. | Ships in a storm near a harbor entrance, oil on panel, 21.1 x 30.3 cm, signed l.l. and dated '56

Hermanus Koekkoek jr.

painting • for sale

Ships in a storm near a harbor entrance

Gerard Delfgaauw | Shipping at Rotterdam, oil on canvas, 18.8 x 24.7 cm, signed l.r.

Gerard Delfgaauw

painting • for sale

Shipping at Rotterdam

Herman Heijenbrock | Harbour of IJmuiden at dusk with the lighthouse and semaphore, pastel on paper, 64.5 x 86.5 cm, signed l.l.

Herman Heijenbrock

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Harbour of IJmuiden at dusk with the lighthouse and semaphore

Hermanus Koekkoek | Shipwreck near a rocky coast, oil on panel, 42.5 x 55.5 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1834

Hermanus Koekkoek

painting • for sale

Shipwreck near a rocky coast, 1834

Andreas Schelfhout | Approaching the shore, oil on panel, 32.5 x 41.5 cm, signed l.r.

Andreas Schelfhout

painting • for sale

Approaching the shore

Rolf Dieter Meyer-Wiegand | Fishmarket on a quay, Holland, oil on panel, 13.9 x 17.9 cm, signed l.l.

Rolf Dieter Meyer-Wiegand

painting • for sale

Fishmarket on a quay, Holland

Johan Barthold Jongkind | Sortie de Port en Hollande, oil on canvas, 24.4 x 32.7 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1870

Johan Barthold Jongkind

painting • for sale

Sortie de Port en Hollande, 1870

German Grobe | Splashing waves at the uitwatering, Katwijk aan Zee   55/5000  Splashing waves at the Uitwatering, Katwijk aan Zee, oil on canvas, 60.5 x 80.5 cm, signed l.l.

German Grobe

painting • for sale

Splashing waves at the uitwatering, Katwijk aan Zee 55/5000 Splashing waves at the Uitwatering, Katwijk aan Zee

Ramon Dilley | Cannes, Le Carlton, oil on canvas, 30.0 x 60.3 cm, signed l.l. and dated '82

Ramon Dilley

painting • for sale

Cannes, Le Carlton, 1982

Paul Charavel | Boat at the Bay of Saint-Tropez, oil on canvas, 156.5 x 226.2 cm, signed l.r.

Paul Charavel

painting • for sale

Boat at the Bay of Saint-Tropez

Abraham Hulk | Sailing ships anchored at sunset, oil on canvas, 40.5 x 60.8 cm, signed l.r.

Abraham Hulk

painting • for sale

Sailing ships anchored at sunset

Andreas Schelfhout | Sailing vessels and a steamer on open water, oil on panel, 67.6 x 90.6 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1845

Andreas Schelfhout

painting • for sale

Sailing vessels and a steamer on open water, 1845

Evert Moll | Ship traffic at Rotterdam's harbour, oil on canvas, 40.4 x 60.0 cm, signed l.r.

Evert Moll

painting • for sale

Ship traffic at Rotterdam's harbour

Christiaan Lodewijk Willem Dreibholtz | Ships on the Zuiderzee, oil on panel, 41.2 x 52.8 cm, signed l.r.

Christiaan Lodewijk Willem Dreibholtz

painting • for sale

Ships on the Zuiderzee

Leonard Johannes de Gijselaar | Shipping off Vlissingen, oil on panel, 34.7 x 46.4 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1857

Leonard Johannes de Gijselaar

painting • for sale

Shipping off Vlissingen, 1857

Jan Sluijters | The boyer 'Fortuna', sailing to the wind, oil on canvas, 62.2 x 45.3 cm, signed l.r. and dated 1902

Jan Sluijters

painting • for sale

The boyer 'Fortuna', sailing to the wind, 1902

Willem Bastiaan Tholen | Botter entering the harbour of Urk, watercolour on paper, 51.1 x 70.0 cm, signed l.r.

Willem Bastiaan Tholen

watercolour • drawing • for sale

Botter entering the harbour of Urk

Joop Kropff | Ships in Scheveningen harbour, oil on canvas, 60.2 x 65.2 cm, signed l.l.

Joop Kropff

painting • for sale

Ships in Scheveningen harbour

Leendert van der Vlist | Fishing barges moored in a canal, oil on canvas laid down on panel, 26.9 x 36.5 cm, signed l.l.

Leendert van der Vlist

painting • for sale

Fishing barges moored in a canal

Adriaan van 't Hoff | Fishing boats on the waterfront, a city in the distance, oil on canvas, 60.2 x 75.5 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1927

Adriaan van 't Hoff

painting • for sale

Fishing boats on the waterfront, a city in the distance, 1927

Morgenstjerne Munthe | A fishing barge approaching the beach, Katwijk, oil on canvas, 58.0 x 78.1 cm, signed l.l. and dated 1910

Morgenstjerne Munthe

painting • for sale

A fishing barge approaching the beach, Katwijk, 1910


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